26 research outputs found

    Measurement of Single π0 Production in Neutral Current Neutrino Interactions on Water at the Near Detector of the T2K Experiment

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    T2K is a long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment located in Japan. It was built mainly to detect muon neutrino to electron neutrino oscillation and to measure the mixing angle &thetas;13 of the PMNS matrix, along with the precision measurement of &thetas;23 and mass differences. A ΜΌ beam is produced at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) in Tokai and travels to the far detector in Kamioka, Japan. There is an ensemble of detectors at 280 m downstream of the target that form the near detector. Super-Kamiokande, a water Cherenkov detector, located 295 km away from the target serves as the far detector. The two main backgrounds for electron neutrino appearance at the Super-Kamiokande are the inherent electron neutrino component of the beam and the \pizero{} particle produced via neutral current channel (NC1π0) that mimics the electron neutrino interaction signature. To effectively constrain the NC1π0 interaction rate on water, the Pi0 Detector (P0D) was built as one of the near detectors. This detector can be filled and drained with water periodically to enable extraction of neutrino interactions on water. This analysis measures the NC1π0 interaction rate on water in the P0D. It uses neutrino beam data of 3.53 × 1020 protons-on-target (POT) for the water-in configuration of the P0D and 6.70 × 1020 POT for the water-out configuration. A set of selections are implemented to obtain a sample enriched in signal events. The π0 invariant mass distribution is compared between data and Monte Carlo. Parameter estimation using Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling method is performed to measure the signal events in data. The data fit results in 130 ± 20 events on water including both statistical and systematic uncertainties for an expected value of 167 events predicted by the NEUT Monte Carlo. The ratio between nominal Monte Carlo and the best fit value is 0.78 ± 0.12

    Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE), Far Detector Technical Design Report, Volume I Introduction to DUNE

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    International audienceThe preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early universe, the dynamics of the supernovae that produced the heavy elements necessary for life, and whether protons eventually decay—these mysteries at the forefront of particle physics and astrophysics are key to understanding the early evolution of our universe, its current state, and its eventual fate. The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is an international world-class experiment dedicated to addressing these questions as it searches for leptonic charge-parity symmetry violation, stands ready to capture supernova neutrino bursts, and seeks to observe nucleon decay as a signature of a grand unified theory underlying the standard model. The DUNE far detector technical design report (TDR) describes the DUNE physics program and the technical designs of the single- and dual-phase DUNE liquid argon TPC far detector modules. This TDR is intended to justify the technical choices for the far detector that flow down from the high-level physics goals through requirements at all levels of the Project. Volume I contains an executive summary that introduces the DUNE science program, the far detector and the strategy for its modular designs, and the organization and management of the Project. The remainder of Volume I provides more detail on the science program that drives the choice of detector technologies and on the technologies themselves. It also introduces the designs for the DUNE near detector and the DUNE computing model, for which DUNE is planning design reports. Volume II of this TDR describes DUNE's physics program in detail. Volume III describes the technical coordination required for the far detector design, construction, installation, and integration, and its organizational structure. Volume IV describes the single-phase far detector technology. A planned Volume V will describe the dual-phase technology

    Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE), Far Detector Technical Design Report, Volume II: DUNE Physics

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    The preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early universe, the dynamics of the supernovae that produced the heavy elements necessary for life, and whether protons eventually decay -- these mysteries at the forefront of particle physics and astrophysics are key to understanding the early evolution of our universe, its current state, and its eventual fate. DUNE is an international world-class experiment dedicated to addressing these questions as it searches for leptonic charge-parity symmetry violation, stands ready to capture supernova neutrino bursts, and seeks to observe nucleon decay as a signature of a grand unified theory underlying the standard model. The DUNE far detector technical design report (TDR) describes the DUNE physics program and the technical designs of the single- and dual-phase DUNE liquid argon TPC far detector modules. Volume II of this TDR, DUNE Physics, describes the array of identified scientific opportunities and key goals. Crucially, we also report our best current understanding of the capability of DUNE to realize these goals, along with the detailed arguments and investigations on which this understanding is based. This TDR volume documents the scientific basis underlying the conception and design of the LBNF/DUNE experimental configurations. As a result, the description of DUNE's experimental capabilities constitutes the bulk of the document. Key linkages between requirements for successful execution of the physics program and primary specifications of the experimental configurations are drawn and summarized. This document also serves a wider purpose as a statement on the scientific potential of DUNE as a central component within a global program of frontier theoretical and experimental particle physics research. Thus, the presentation also aims to serve as a resource for the particle physics community at large

    Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) Near Detector Conceptual Design Report

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    International audienceThe Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is an international, world-class experiment aimed at exploring fundamental questions about the universe that are at the forefront of astrophysics and particle physics research. DUNE will study questions pertaining to the preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early universe, the dynamics of supernovae, the subtleties of neutrino interaction physics, and a number of beyond the Standard Model topics accessible in a powerful neutrino beam. A critical component of the DUNE physics program involves the study of changes in a powerful beam of neutrinos, i.e., neutrino oscillations, as the neutrinos propagate a long distance. The experiment consists of a near detector, sited close to the source of the beam, and a far detector, sited along the beam at a large distance. This document, the DUNE Near Detector Conceptual Design Report (CDR), describes the design of the DUNE near detector and the science program that drives the design and technology choices. The goals and requirements underlying the design, along with projected performance are given. It serves as a starting point for a more detailed design that will be described in future documents

    Reconstruction of interactions in the ProtoDUNE-SP detector with Pandora