121 research outputs found

    Borderline bireylerde kendine zarar verme davran─▒┼č─▒ ve intihar giri┼čimine y├Ânelik psikolojik m├╝dahaleler: Sistematik derleme

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    Self-harm behaviour and suicide attempts are considered maladaptive coping mechanisms by individuals with a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Numerous studies have demonstrated that individuals with BPD are at a heightened risk for self-harm behaviour and suicide. Therefore, there is a need for intervention efforts aimed at reducing self-harm and suicide attempts in this population by promoting more functional coping strategies. No systematic review has been conducted to explore the effectiveness of such interventions. A systematic review was performed to identify randomized controlled trials of interventions to reduce self-harm and suicide attempts among individuals with BPD, published between 2012 and 2022. PsycARTICLES, PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, and Taylor & Francis databases were examined in the review. A total of 6,760 studies were initially screened, only 13 were selected for review based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results indicated that the standard dialectical behaviour therapy protocol, with the addition of psychological intervention components such as skills training, exposure and acceptance, statistically significantly increased recovery. Statistically significant results have been obtained from various psychotherapeutic intervention groups such as schema therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy and emotion regulation therapy However, it was noted that existing protocols might be inadequate in preventing relapse and addressing potential negative outcomes such as premature termination of therapy.Kendine zarar verme davran─▒┼č─▒ ve intihar giri┼čimi, borderline ki┼čilik bozuklu─ču tan─▒l─▒ bireylerin ba┼čvurdu─ču uyumsuz ba┼č etme y├Ântemleri olarak kabul edilmektedir. Bir├žok ara┼čt─▒rmada bu ki┼čilerde kendine zarar verme davran─▒┼č─▒ ve intihar riskinin y├╝ksek oldu─ču ortaya konmu┼čtur. Dolay─▒s─▒yla bu pop├╝lasyonda daha i┼člevsel ba┼č etme y├Ântemlerinin kazand─▒r─▒lmas─▒, kendine zarar verme davran─▒┼č─▒n─▒n ve intihar giri┼čiminin azalt─▒lmas─▒ y├Ân├╝nde m├╝dahale ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒na ihtiya├ž duyulmaktad─▒r. Bu m├╝dahale ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒n─▒n etkileri ├╝zerine herhangi bir sistematik derlemeye rastlan─▒lmam─▒┼čt─▒r. Borderline ki┼čilik bozuklu─ču tan─▒l─▒ bireylerde kendine zarar verme ve intihar giri┼čimini azaltmaya y├Ânelik yap─▒lan 2012-2022 y─▒llar─▒ aras─▒nda yay─▒nlanm─▒┼č randomize kontroll├╝ ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒ belirlemek i├žin sistematik bir derleme yap─▒lm─▒┼čt─▒r. Derlemede PsycARTICLES, Pubmed, Web of Science, Science Direct ve Taylor & Francis veri tabanlar─▒ taranm─▒┼čt─▒r. Dahil etme ve d─▒┼člama kriterlerine g├Âre ba┼člang─▒├žta 6760 ├žal─▒┼čma taranm─▒┼č ve sadece 13 ├žal─▒┼čma derleme i├žin se├žilmi┼čtir. Derleme sonucunda, standart Diyalektik Davran─▒┼č├ž─▒ Terapi protokol├╝ne maruz b─▒rakma, beceri e─čitimi, kabul gibi psikolojik m├╝dahale bile┼čenlerinin eklenmesinin iyile┼čmeyi istatistiksel olarak anlaml─▒ derecede artt─▒rd─▒─č─▒ tespit edilmi┼čtir. ┼×ema Terapi, Bili┼čsel Davran─▒┼č├ž─▒ Terapi, Duygu D├╝zenleme Terapisi gibi ├že┼čitli psikoterapotik m├╝dahale gruplar─▒ndan istatistiksel olarak anlaml─▒ sonu├žlarelde edildi─či tespit edilmi┼čtir. Ancak mevcut protokollerin, n├╝ks ├Ânlemede ve terapiyi b─▒rakma gibi olas─▒ olumsuz sonu├žlarla ba┼ča ├ž─▒kmada yetersiz kalabilece─či belirtilmi┼čtir

    Antisocial behaviour and violent delinquency among boys with a migration background: A German panel study

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    Immigrant boys show higher rates of antisocial behaviour. However, results of previous studies showed some contradictory findings in terms of intercultural differences in antisocial behaviour. In our study, we used an intercultural comparison of antisocial behaviour based on two different definitions of migration status (nationality vs. migration background). According to migration background, however not according to nationality, significant but small differences were found only in violent delinquency. A longitudinal mediator model based on the disintegration approach (Anhut & Heitmeyer, 2000) was examined in order to contribute to our understanding of the background of violent delinquency in immigrant boys. The data were from a German panel study conducted in the cities of Dortmund and Nuremberg. The results of the mediator model showed that perceived discrimination and negative parenting affect violent delinquency indirectly through violence attitudes, self-control, and peer delinquency. The findings suggest that preventive measures against violent delinquency should focus on these indirect effects and migrant-specific variables.2-s2.0-8507790622

    COVID-19 s├╝recinde gen├žlere y├Ânelik online ACT temelli ba┼ča ├ž─▒kma becerilerini geli┼čtirme at├Âlyesi

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    2019 y─▒l─▒n─▒n sonunda ├çinÔÇÖde ba┼člayan Koronavir├╝s pandemisi ve bu sebeple ortaya ├ž─▒kan s─▒n─▒rlamalar her ya┼čtan bireyi stres alt─▒na sokmu┼čtur. Sosyal izolasyon, online e─čitimin getirdi─či zorluklar, motivasyon eksikli─či ve can s─▒k─▒nt─▒s─▒ gen├žlerde kayg─▒ ve depresyonda art─▒┼ča sebep olmu┼č (Marques de Miranda, da Silva Athanasio, Cec├şlia de Sena Oliveira ve Simoes Silva, 2020), ayr─▒ca uykusuzluk, odaklanma g├╝├žl├╝─č├╝ gibi zorluklara da yol a├žm─▒┼čt─▒r (Golberstein, Wen ve Miller, 2020; Wang, Zhang, Zhao, Zhang ve Jiang, 2020). Bu ├žal─▒┼čmada pandemi s├╝recinde T├╝rkiyeÔÇÖde bilhassa belirli s─▒n─▒rlamalara muhatap olan 20 ya┼č alt─▒ gen├žlerde ba┼ča ├ž─▒kma becerilerini artt─▒rmaya y├Ânelik online Kabul ve Kararl─▒l─▒k Terapisi (ACT) temelli at├Âlye ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒ geli┼čtirmek ve etkinli─čini pilot bir ├žal─▒┼čma ile incelemek ama├žlanm─▒┼čt─▒r

    Die Entstehung und Entwicklung devianten und delinquenten Verhaltens im Lebensverlauf und ihre Bedeutung f├╝r soziale Ungleichheitsprozesse: Methodendokumentation der Sch├╝lerbefragungen in Dortmund und N├╝rnberg. Zweite Erhebung 2013

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    Schepers D, Kucur-Uysal B. Die Entstehung und Entwicklung devianten und delinquenten Verhaltens im Lebensverlauf und ihre Bedeutung f├╝r soziale Ungleichheitsprozesse: Methodendokumentation der Sch├╝lerbefragungen in Dortmund und N├╝rnberg. Zweite Erhebung 2013. SFB 882 Technical Report Series. Vol 5. Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities; 2014

    Die Entstehung und Entwicklung devianten und delinquenten Verhaltens im Lebensverlauf und ihre Bedeutung f├╝r soziale Ungleichheitsprozesse: Methodendokumentation der Sch├╝lerbefragungen in Dortmund und N├╝rnberg. Dritte Erhebung 2014

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    Meinert J, Kucur-Uysal B. Die Entstehung und Entwicklung devianten und delinquenten Verhaltens im Lebensverlauf und ihre Bedeutung f├╝r soziale Ungleichheitsprozesse: Methodendokumentation der Sch├╝lerbefragungen in Dortmund und N├╝rnberg. Dritte Erhebung 2014. SFB 882 Technical Report Series. Vol 22. Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities; 2015

    The inventory of problems-29 is a crossÔÇĹculturally valid symptom validity test: Initial validation in a Turkish community sample

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    Because the actuarial evidence base for symptom validity tests (SVTs) is developed in a specific population, it is unclear whether their clinical utility is transferable to a population with different demographic characteristics. To address this, we report here the validation study of a recently developed free-standing SVT, the Inventory of Problems-29 (IOP-29), in a Turkish community sample. We employed a mixed design with a simulation paradigm: The Turkish IOPÔÇô29 was presented to the same participants (N = 125; 53.6% female; age range: 19ÔÇô53) three times in an online format, with instructions to respond honestly (HON), randomly (RND), and attempt to feign a psychiatric disorder (SIM) based on different vignettes. In the SIM condition, participants were presented with one of three scripts instructing them to feign either schizophrenia (SIM-SCZ), depression (SIM-DEP), or posttraumatic stress disorder (SIM-PTSD). As predicted, the Turkish IOPÔÇô29 is effective in discriminating between credible and noncredible presentations and equally sensitive to feigning of different psychiatric disorders: The standard cutoff (FDS Ôëą .50) is uniformly sensitive (90.2% to 92.9%) and yields a specificity of 88%. Random responding produces FDS scores more similar to those of noncredible presentations, and the random responding score (RRS) has incremental validity in distinguishing random responding from feigned and honest responding. Our findings reveal that the classification accuracy of the IOPÔÇô29 is stable across administration languages, feigned clinical constructs, and geographic regions. Validation of the Turkish IOPÔÇô29 will be a valuable addition to the limited availability of SVTs in Turkish. We discuss limitations and future directions

    Memleket ba─č─▒

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    Ba─člarla tutunuruz hayata. Canl─▒ cans─▒z t├╝m varl─▒klarla ba─č kurma e─čilimindeyizdir. Bizim olan, ÔÇśbizÔÇÖ duygusunu uyand─▒ran ki┼čiler, e┼čyalar, mek├ónlar k─▒ymetlidir. E┼čya ile yap─▒lan deneylerde; ├Ârne─čin, maddi kar┼č─▒l─▒─č─▒ 5 birim para olan vazoyu birine verip, o ki┼čiye bir s├╝re sonra 5 birim para ├Âdenmesine ra─čmen bir├žok ki┼či, de─čeri kar┼č─▒l─▒─č─▒nda vazoyu geri vermekte zorlanm─▒┼čt─▒r. ├ç├╝nk├╝ burada e┼čyayla kurdu─čumuz bir ba─č s├Âz konusudur. ├çocuklu─čumuzun ge├žti─či mahalleyi, ilk gitti─čimiz okulu, do─čdu─čumuz hastaneyi g├Ârd├╝─č├╝m├╝zde duygulan─▒r─▒z. Ayn─▒ ┼čekilde memleket olarak kabul etti─čimiz, ÔÇśba─čÔÇÖ kurdu─čumuz yer ve onunla ili┼čkili semboller de k─▒ymetlidir..

    Effect of potassium nutrition on the cadmium toxicityinduced oxidative stress in spinach.

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    TEZ8615Tez (Y├╝ksek Lisans) -- ├çukurova ├ťniversitesi, Adana, 2012.Kaynak├ža (s. 51-76) var.xi, 77 s. : res., ├žizelge ; 29 cm.In this study, the effect of potassium on the cadmium-induced oxidative stres in spinach was tested under hydroponic culture. Plants were grown under controlled climatic conditions at various potassium (50, 250 and 2000 uM) and cadmium (0 and 20 uM Cd) supplies. Cadmium treatment significantly reduced shoots and root dry matter production. Potassium application decreased cadmium concentration both in shoot and root. Cadmium application increased lipid peroxidation both in shoot and root. Sufficient amount of potassium application has a reducing effect on lipid peroxidation. The increased potassium nutrition at cadmium treatment decreased both ascorbic acid and SH-compounds. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities have a similar change at potassium and cadmium treatments. The 20 uM cadmium application revealed a significant increase on related enzyme activities in 2000 uM potassium treatment. The ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activity in cadmium treatment markedly increased with increasing potassium nutrition. The increasing potassium nutrition slightly increased glutathione reductase (GR) activity at cadmium treatment. Cadmium application caused increases in guaiacol peroxidase (GPX) activity at all potassium doses. The GPX activity showed decreases at treatment without cadmium and 20 uM application coupled with increasing potassium nutrition Results revealed that, enhancing potassium nutrition has a crucial role in protection of spinach against cadmium toxicity-induced oxidative stress, particularly by decreasing of hydrogen peroxide and lipid peroxidation.Bu ├žal─▒┼čmada, ─▒spanakta kadmiyum toksisitesine ba─čl─▒ oksidatif stres ├╝zerine potasyumun etkisi su k├╝lt├╝r├╝nde test edilmi┼čtir. Bitkiler kontroll├╝ iklim ko┼čullar─▒nda de─či┼čik potasyum (50, 250 ve 2000 uM) ve kadmiyum (0 ve 20 uM) dozlar─▒ alt─▒nda yeti┼čtirilmi┼čtir. Kadmiyum uygulamas─▒ ye┼čil aksam ve k├Âk kuru madde ├╝retimini ├Ânemli oranda azaltm─▒┼čt─▒r. Potasyum uygulamas─▒ hem ye┼čil aksam hem de k├Âklerde kadmiyum konsatrasyonunu azaltm─▒┼čt─▒r. Kadmiyum uygulamas─▒ hem ye┼čil aksam hem de k├Âklerde lipid peroksidasyonu artt─▒rm─▒┼čt─▒r. Potasyumun yeterli d├╝zeyde uygulanmas─▒ lipid peroksidasyonu ├╝zerinde azalt─▒c─▒ etkide bulunmu┼čtur. Kadmiyum uygulamas─▒ alt─▒nda artan potasyum beslenmesi hem askorbik asit hem de SHbile┼čiklerinin azalmas─▒na neden olmu┼čtur. Potasyum ve kadmiyum uygulamalar─▒ alt─▒nda s├╝peroksit dismutaz (SOD) ve katalaz (CAT) aktivitelerindeki de─či┼čim benzer olmu┼čtur. ─░lgili enzimlerin aktivitelerinde 2000 ?M potasyum uygulamas─▒ alt─▒nda, 20 uM kadmiyum uygulamas─▒yla belirgin bir y├╝kselmeye yol a├žm─▒┼čt─▒r. Askorbat perokidaz (APX) aktivitesi kadmiyum uygulamas─▒ alt─▒nda artan potasyum beslenmesiyle birlikte ├Ânemli ├Âl├ž├╝de y├╝kselmi┼čtir Artan potasyum beslenmesi glutatyon red├╝ktaz (GR) aktivitesisinin kadmiyum uygulamas─▒ alt─▒nda hafif d├╝zeyde y├╝kselmesine neden olmu┼čtur. Kadmiyum uygulamas─▒ t├╝m potasyum dozlar─▒nda guaiakol peroksidaz (GPX) aktivitesinin artmas─▒na neden olmu┼čtur. GPX aktivitesi, hem kadmiyum uygulamas─▒n─▒n olmad─▒─č─▒ hem de 20 uM cadmium uyguland─▒─č─▒ ko┼čullarda artan potasyum beslenmesiyle birlikte azalmalar g├Âstermi┼čtir. Sonu├žlar, potasyum beslenmesinin iyile┼čtirilmesinin, ─▒spanak bitkisini kadmiyum toksisitesine ba─čl─▒ oksidatif strese kar┼č─▒ korumada, ├Âzellikle de hidrojen peroksit ve lipid peroksidasyonunun azalt─▒lmas─▒nda kritik bir rol oynad─▒─č─▒n─▒ g├Âstermektedir.Bu ├žal─▒┼čma ├ç.├ť. Bilimsel Ara┼čt─▒rma Projeleri Birimi taraf─▒ndan desteklenmi┼čtir. Proje No: ZF2010YL63

    Dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒k geli┼čtirilebilir mi?

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    Konferansta s├Âzl├╝ sunum.Dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒k kavram─▒ bir yandan do─ču┼čtan sahip olunan ki┼čisel bir ├Âzellik olarak da de─čerlendirilmekle beraber son ara┼čt─▒rmalar dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒─č─▒ daha ziyade kar┼č─▒la┼č─▒lan zorluklara adapte olman─▒n geli┼čtirildi─či bir s├╝re├ž olarak de─čerlendirmektedirler. Hatta bug├╝nk├╝ bak─▒┼č a├ž─▒s─▒na g├Âre dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒k ara┼čt─▒rmas─▒nda en problemli yakla┼č─▒mlardan biri dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒─č─▒n do─ču┼čtan gelen bir ├Âzellik oldu─ču kabul├╝d├╝r. ├ç├╝nk├╝ bu yakla┼č─▒m dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒─č─▒n ki┼činin zorluklara adapte olmas─▒n─▒n ili┼čkilerine ve ki┼či d─▒┼č─▒ndaki bir├žok di─čer sisteme ba─čl─▒ oldu─ču ger├že─čini yads─▒r. Son y─▒llarda sistemsel teorik bak─▒┼č a├ž─▒s─▒ bir├žok ├žal─▒┼čma alan─▒n─▒ etkilemi┼čtir. Geli┼čimsel sistem yakla┼č─▒m─▒yla dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒k tan─▒m─▒ da de─či┼čerek b├╝t├╝nc├╝l bir yakla┼č─▒mla dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒─č─▒ destekleyen fakt├Ârler birey, aile ve toplum gibi farkl─▒ sistemler aras─▒nda da─č─▒lm─▒┼čt─▒r. Dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒k ise bu s├╝re├žlerin birbirleriyle dinamik etkile┼čimi neticesinde ortaya ├ž─▒kmaktad─▒r. Bireysel dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒k perspektifinden olan fakt├Ârlerin uzant─▒lar─▒ ailevi dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒k fakt├Ârleriyle yak─▒n bir paralellik g├Âsterir. ├ľrne─čin ki┼či perspektifinden bakt─▒─č─▒m─▒zda ki┼činin kendiyle ilgili olumlu bak─▒┼č a├ž─▒lar─▒, kimlik, problem ├ž├Âzme becerileri bireysel bazda dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒k fakt├Ârleri olarak ele al─▒n─▒rken, ailevi olumlu bak─▒┼č a├ž─▒lar─▒, ailevi kimlik, ailevi esneklik gibi kavramlar da aile boyutundaki dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒k fakt├Ârleri olarak de─čerlendirilir. Hem bireysel hem de aile ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒nda noksanl─▒klara odakl─▒ yakla┼č─▒mlar─▒ bir kenara b─▒rak─▒p dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒─ča, ki┼čilerin sahip oldu─ču potansiyellere odaklanma, klinik sosyal ├žal─▒┼čma, psikoloji, pediatri ve psikiyatri dahil olmak ├╝zere, ├žok y├Ânl├╝ uygulama alanlar─▒ndaki (aile terapisi; okul psikolojisi ve dan─▒┼čmanl─▒─č─▒; afet haz─▒rl─▒─č─▒ ve yan─▒t─▒; askeri aileler i├žin hizmetler vb.) m├╝dahale modelleri ve y├Ântemleri ├╝zerinde d├Ân├╝┼č├╝msel bir etkiye sahip olmu┼čtur. Dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒k geli┼čtirme kapsam─▒nda ├žocuklar─▒n ve ailelerin belli s─▒k─▒nt─▒lara maruz kalmalar─▒n─▒ engelleyen veya bu s─▒k─▒nt─▒lardan koruyan stratejiler (evsizli─čin yeni olumsuz sonu├žlar─▒n─▒ ├Ânlemek, annelerin depresyonunu tedavi etmek gibi), baz─▒ problemler y├╝z├╝nden ya┼čanacak s─▒k─▒nt─▒lar─▒ azaltmay─▒ veya hafifletmeyi, mevcut kaynaklar─▒ geli┼čtirmeyi (konut destekleri, sa─čl─▒k hizmetleri gibi), koruyucu s├╝re├žleri (ebeveyn-├žocuk ili┼čkileri gibi) harekete ge├žirmeyi i├žerir. Literat├╝re ge├žmi┼č dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒─č─▒ geli┼čtirme ama├žl─▒ uygulanan en etkili m├╝dahale programlar─▒ bu stratejilerden iki veya ├╝├ž├╝n├╝ kombine ederler. Bebek bekleyen ve daha sonra bebek sahibi olan ailelerin ev ziyaretleriyle bu s├╝rece haz─▒rlanmas─▒, bu s├╝re├žte desteklenmeleri; bo┼čanm─▒┼č aile ├žocuklar─▒n─▒n ebeveyn-├žocuk ili┼čkileri geli┼čtirmelerine destek verilmesi, ├žat─▒┼čmalar─▒n azalt─▒lmas─▒ gibi ama├žlar─▒ olan ara┼čt─▒rmalar bunlara ├Ârnek verilebilir. Dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒─č─▒ geli┼čtirme yakla┼č─▒mlar─▒nda ├žocuk ve aile eksenlerinin yan─▒ s─▒ra biyopsikososyok├╝lt├╝rel sistemler ve s├╝re├žler, diren├ž kabiliyetlerini geli┼čtirmede katk─▒da bulunan topluluk, k├╝lt├╝rel ve toplumsal eksenlerin de hesaba kat─▒ld─▒─č─▒ g├Âr├╝l├╝r. Topluluk baz─▒nda dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒─č─▒ geli┼čtirme a├ž─▒s─▒ndan; g├╝venli fiziksel ├ževre, olumlu de─čer yarg─▒lar─▒ olan arkada┼č ├ževresi, i┼č olanaklar─▒ gibi ├Ârnekler verilebilir. K├╝lt├╝r ve toplum baz─▒nda dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒─č─▒ geli┼čtiren fakt├Ârlere ise ya┼čama anlam veren dini inan├ž sistemleri, ├žocuklar─▒ koruyucu devlet politikalar─▒ ve sa─čl─▒kl─▒ i┼čleyen b├Âlgesel ve ulusal ekonomi ├Ârnek verilebilir. Sonu├ž olarak dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒k kavram─▒n─▒n farkl─▒ sistemlerin birbirleriyle etkile┼čimi neticesinde bireylerin zorluklarla ba┼ča ├ž─▒kma becerilerinin geli┼čtirilebildi─čini s├Âyleyebiliriz. Farkl─▒ ├žal─▒┼čmalarda dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒─č─▒n geli┼čtirilebilen k─▒s─▒mlar─▒n─▒n kategorilerine de─činilmi┼čtir ve yine bir├žok ara┼čt─▒rma dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒─č─▒n geli┼čtirilebilirli─čini ortaya koymaktad─▒r. Bu yakla┼č─▒m ve ├žal─▒┼čmalar daha ayr─▒nt─▒l─▒ bir ┼čekilde ele al─▒narak, dayan─▒kl─▒l─▒─č─▒n geli┼čtirilebilecek k─▒s─▒mlar─▒n─▒ daha iyi anlamak ama├žlanmaktad─▒r
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