5 research outputs found

    Maskulinitas dan Feminitas dalam Al-Qur’an (Implikasi Sosial Atas Karakter Negatif)

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    This paper presents an argument that the negative feminine and masculine characters possessed by every human being harm social aspects. This argument was obtained because there was a paradigm shift from a traditionalist view to a new concept that was born in the 1970s. The traditionalist paradigm explicates that masculine and feminine characters are seen as contradicting the dimensions of the character's personality, attractiveness, and roles that differentiate men and women. On the other hand, a concept that was born starting in the 1970s emphasized the opposite. For instance, Alfred B. Heilburn categorized masculine and feminine characters as having positive and negative sides. It was also upheld by Sachiko Murata who exposed that both masculine and feminine characters exist in every human being and both have good and bad characters that are not limited to men and women. Uniquely, masculine and feminine concepts, as well as positive and negative characters, are also contained in the Qur’an. Therefore, the Qur’an frees humans to choose masculine or feminine characters as well as positive or negative characters to represent their personality. After tracing verses in the Qur’an about masculine and feminine, both positive and negative, the researcher found that masculine and feminine characters that were considered negative have detrimental implications for personal and social life. Based on this description, the paper tries to examine and explore these social impacts by using the thematic method of the Qur’an and analyzed by the theory proposed by Sachiko Murata

    IDEOLOGICAL CONTESTATION ON YOUTUBE BETWEEN SALAFI AND NAHDHATUL ‘ULAMA IN INDONESIA

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    Abstract: This research spotlights YouTube’s utilization as a platform for intriguing Muslims and proselytizing Salafi and Nahdhatul 'Ulama's (NU) doctrines in the context of ideological contestation in Indonesia. This aim was motivated by the struggle for religious authority between NU and Salafis that has occurred in Indonesia since the beginning of the emergence of Salafis in the 1970s. The doctrine of Puritanism brought by Salafis is the key to the ideological battle with NU, which has the opposite doctrine. Thus, the contestation spread to the fight for the masses. One medium used as an object for spreading doctrine is YouTube. This use of YouTube is encouraged by their awareness that YouTube is an effective platform for proselytizing and arguing with each other. Therefore, this research explores the ideological contestation of the two groups from the aspect of the doctrine they spread and the ways they attract the masses by analyzing lecture videos from YouTube channels affiliated with each group. Based on the content and video quantity, this research argues that the massive method of being charged with Salafis is slowly becoming a strong challenge for the existence of NU. The method used is a theory by Heidi A. Campbell regarding online authority.Keywords: Ideological Contestation, Nahdhatul ‘Ulama, Religious Authority, Salafi, YouTube.Abstrak: Penelitian ini menyoroti penggunaan YouTube sebagai platform untuk membangkitkan minat umat Islam dan menyebarkan doktrin Salafi dan Nahdhatul 'Ulama (NU) dalam konteks kontestasi ideologi di Indonesia. Tujuan ini dilatarbelakangi oleh perebutan otoritas keagamaan antara NU dan Salafi yang terjadi di Indonesia sejak awal kemunculan Salafi pada tahun 1970-an. Doktrin puritanisme yang dibawa oleh Salafi menjadi kunci pertarungan ideologis dengan NU yang memiliki doktrin sebaliknya. Dengan demikian, kontestasi menyebar dalam konteks perebutan massa. Salah satu media yang digunakan sebagai sarana penyebaran doktrin adalah YouTube. Penggunaan YouTube ini didorong oleh kesadaran mereka bahwa YouTube adalah platform yang efektif untuk berdakwah dan saling berdebat. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini mengeksplorasi kontestasi ideologi kedua kelompok tersebut dari aspek doktrin yang mereka sebarkan dan bagaimana menarik massa dengan menganalisis video ceramah dari video YouTube yang berafiliasi dengan masing-masing kelompok. Berdasarkan kuantitas konten dan video, penelitian ini berargumen bahwa metode masif yang digunakan oleh Salafi perlahan menjadi tantangan kuat bagi eksistensi NU. Metode yang digunakan adalah teori Heidi A. Campbell mengenai otoritas online.Kata Kunci: Kontestasi Ideologi, Nahdhatul ‘Ulama, Otoritas Keagamaan, Salafi, YouTub

    IDEOLOGICAL CONTESTATION ON YOUTUBE BETWEEN SALAFI AND NAHDHATUL ‘ULAMA IN INDONESIA

    Get PDF
    Abstract: This research spotlights YouTube’s utilization as a platform for intriguing Muslims and proselytizing Salafi and Nahdhatul 'Ulama's (NU) doctrines in the context of ideological contestation in Indonesia. This aim was motivated by the struggle for religious authority between NU and Salafis that has occurred in Indonesia since the beginning of the emergence of Salafis in the 1970s. The doctrine of Puritanism brought by Salafis is the key to the ideological battle with NU, which has the opposite doctrine. Thus, the contestation spread to the fight for the masses. One medium used as an object for spreading doctrine is YouTube. This use of YouTube is encouraged by their awareness that YouTube is an effective platform for proselytizing and arguing with each other. Therefore, this research explores the ideological contestation of the two groups from the aspect of the doctrine they spread and the ways they attract the masses by analyzing lecture videos from YouTube channels affiliated with each group. Based on the content and video quantity, this research argues that the massive method of being charged with Salafis is slowly becoming a strong challenge for the existence of NU. The method used is a theory by Heidi A. Campbell regarding online authority.Keywords: Ideological Contestation, Nahdhatul ‘Ulama, Religious Authority, Salafi, YouTube.Abstrak: Penelitian ini menyoroti penggunaan YouTube sebagai platform untuk membangkitkan minat umat Islam dan menyebarkan doktrin Salafi dan Nahdhatul 'Ulama (NU) dalam konteks kontestasi ideologi di Indonesia. Tujuan ini dilatarbelakangi oleh perebutan otoritas keagamaan antara NU dan Salafi yang terjadi di Indonesia sejak awal kemunculan Salafi pada tahun 1970-an. Doktrin puritanisme yang dibawa oleh Salafi menjadi kunci pertarungan ideologis dengan NU yang memiliki doktrin sebaliknya. Dengan demikian, kontestasi menyebar dalam konteks perebutan massa. Salah satu media yang digunakan sebagai sarana penyebaran doktrin adalah YouTube. Penggunaan YouTube ini didorong oleh kesadaran mereka bahwa YouTube adalah platform yang efektif untuk berdakwah dan saling berdebat. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini mengeksplorasi kontestasi ideologi kedua kelompok tersebut dari aspek doktrin yang mereka sebarkan dan bagaimana menarik massa dengan menganalisis video ceramah dari video YouTube yang berafiliasi dengan masing-masing kelompok. Berdasarkan kuantitas konten dan video, penelitian ini berargumen bahwa metode masif yang digunakan oleh Salafi perlahan menjadi tantangan kuat bagi eksistensi NU. Metode yang digunakan adalah teori Heidi A. Campbell mengenai otoritas online.Kata Kunci: Kontestasi Ideologi, Nahdhatul ‘Ulama, Otoritas Keagamaan, Salafi, YouTub

    Pengaruh Qawā’id Uṣūliyyah dan Fiqhiyyah terhadap Perbedaan Pendapat dalam Kasus Riba dan Bunga Bank

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    This paper highlights the influence of qawāid uṣūliyyah and fiqhiyyah in the disputation of interest law status. This controversy emerged when conventional banks faced Islamic banks that presented to offer financial systems instead of avoiding interest. The requirement of the Islamic bank is increasingly unstoppable because of the rise of religious consciousness that occurs in Indonesian Muslim society. Along with the need for a more secure and beneficial financial system for the people, the opinion difference on interest law has colored the development of Islam bank. The distinction of opinion affects the continuity of using conventional banks while Islam bank obviously presents among Muslim society. The difference in the legal fatwa of interest lies in the 'illat prohibition of usury in the level of takhrīj al-manāṭ, tanqīḥ al-manāṭ, and taḥqīq al-manāṭ. 'Illat includes extortion and abuse, additional without risk, and the addition of a double. On traditionalists, ‘illat of the interest prohibition is the addition, whether it is multiplied or not. Therefore, for this group bank interest is clearly forbidden. By contrast, the modernist relies on the 'illat of extortion and persecution. Consequently, if the interest borne by a person or an institution contains exploitation, then interest is haram and prohibited. The results of this study were obtained using descriptive analysis methods and based on a literature review. Pedebatan riba dan bungan bank lahir saat bank konvensional berhadapan dengan bank Islam yang hadir menawarkan sistem keuangan agar terhindar dari unsur riba. Kajian ini fokus menganalisis pengaruh qawāid uṣūliyyah dan fiqhiyyah dalam perdebatan status hukum riba dan bunga bank. Penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptif dan bertumpu pada kajian pustaka. Objek penelitian adalah persoalan riba dan bunga bank yang dianalisis dengan bingkai qawāid uṣūliyyah dan qawāid fiqhiyyah untuk mengetahui perdebatan yang menyebabkan pro kontra di antara para ulama maupun kelompok keagamaan. Teknik analisis menggunakan metode komparatif deskriptif dari berbagai pandangan. Berdasarkan kajian, adanya perbedaan fatwa hukum bunga bank terletak pada ‘illat pengharaman riba dalam tahap takhrīj al-manāṭ, tanqīḥ al-manāṭ, dan taḥqīq al-manāṭ. ‘Illat tersebut  diantaranya adalah pemerasan dan penganiayaan, tambahan tanpa resiko, dan adanya tambahan yang berlipat. Bagi kelompok tradisionalis, ‘illat pengharaman bunga adalah adanya tambahan baik itu berlipat maupun tidak, sehingga bagi kelompok ini bunga bank jelas keharamannya. Berbeda dengan kelompok modernis yang bertumpu pada ‘illat pemerasan dan penganiayaan. Oleh karena itu, jika bunga yang ditanggung oleh seseorang atau suatu lembaga mengandung eksploitasi, maka bunga adalah haram dan dilarang

    Pengaruh Qawā'id Uṣūliyyah dan Fiqhiyyah terhadap Perbedaan Pendapat dalam Kasus Riba dan Bunga Bank

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    This paper highlights the influence of qawāid uṣūliyyah and fiqhiyyah in the disputation of interest law status. This controversy emerged when conventional banks faced Islamic banks that presented to offer financial systems instead of avoiding interest. The requirement of the Islamic bank is increasingly unstoppable because of the rise of religious consciousness that occurs in Indonesian Muslim society. Along with the need for a more secure and beneficial financial system for the people, the opinion difference on interest law has colored the development of Islam bank. The distinction of opinion affects the continuity of using conventional banks while Islam bank obviously presents among Muslim society. The difference in the legal fatwa of interest lies in the 'illat prohibition of usury in the level of takhrīj al-manāṭ, tanqīḥ al-manāṭ, and taḥqīq al-manāṭ. 'Illat includes extortion and abuse, additional without risk, and the addition of a double. On traditionalists, ‘illat of the interest prohibition is the addition, whether it is multiplied or not. Therefore, for this group bank interest is clearly forbidden. By contrast, the modernist relies on the 'illat of extortion and persecution. Consequently, if the interest borne by a person or an institution contains exploitation, then interest is haram and prohibited. The results of this study were obtained using descriptive analysis methods and based on a literature review.&nbsp
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