7,150 research outputs found

    Radion Assisted Gauge Inflation

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    We propose an extension to the recently proposed extranatural or gauge inflation scenario in which the radius modulus field around which the Wilson loop is wrapped assists inflation as it shrinks. We discuss how this might lead to more generic initial conditions for inflation.Comment: 10 pages, 2 figure

    Towards portable muography with small-area, gas-tight glass Resistive Plate Chambers

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    Imaging techniques that use atmospheric muons, collectively named under the neologism "muography", have seen a tremendous growth in recent times, mainly due to their diverse range of applications. The most well-known ones include but are not limited to: volcanology, archaeology, civil engineering, nuclear reactor monitoring, nuclear waste characterization, underground mapping, etc. These methods are based on the attenuation or deviation of muons to image large and/or dense objects where conventional techniques cannot work or their use becomes challenging. In this context, we have constructed a muography telescope based on "mini glass-RPC planes" following a design similar to the glass-RPC detectors developed by the CALICE Collaboration and used by the TOMUVOL experiment in the context of volcano radiography, but with smaller active area (16 Ă—\times 16 cm2^{2}). The compact size makes it an attractive choice with respect to other detectors previously employed for imaging on similar scales. An important innovation in this design is that the detectors are sealed. This makes the detector more portable and solves the usual safety and logistic issues for gas detectors operated underground and/or inside small rooms. This paper provides an overview on our guiding principles, the detector development and our operational experiences. Drawing on the lessons learnt from the first prototype, we also discuss our future direction for an improved second prototype, focusing primarily on a recently adopted serigraphy technique for the resistive coating of the glass plates.Comment: 8 pages, 7 figures, XV Workshop on Resistive Plate Chambers and Related Detectors (RPC2020

    Sucar Coating the Envelope : Glycoconjucates for Microbe-Host Crosstalk

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    Tremendous progress has been made on mapping the mainly bacterial members of the human intestinal microbiota. Knowledge on what is out there, or rather what is inside, needs to be complemented with insight on how these bacteria interact with their biotic environment. Bacterial glycoconjugates, that is, the collection of all glycan-modified molecules, are ideal modulators of such interactions. Their enormous versatility and diversity results in a species-specific glycan barcode, providing a range of ligands for host interaction. Recent reports on the functional importance of glycosylation of important bacterial ligands in beneficial and pathogenic species underpin this. Glycoconjugates, and glycoproteins in particular, are an underappreciated, potentially crucial, factor in understanding bacteria-host interactions of old friends and foes.Peer reviewe

    LEP1 vs. Future Colliders: Effective Operators And Extended Gauge Group

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    In an effective Lagrangian approach to physics beyond the Standard Model, it has been argued that imposing SU(2)Ă—U(1)SU(2) \times U(1) invariance severely restricts the discovery potential of future colliders. We exhibit a possible way out in an extended gauge group context.Comment: 14 pages , CERN-TH.6573/92 ULB.TH.04/92 (phyzzx, 3 eps-figs incl.

    Large N(c′)_(c'), chiral approach to M(n′)_(n') at finite temperature

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    We study the temperature dependence of the eta and eta[prime] meson masses within the framework of U(3)LĂ—U(3)R chiral perturbation theory, up to next-to-leading order in a simultaneous expansion in momenta, quark masses and number of colors. We find that both masses decrease at low temperatures, but only very slightly. We analyze higher order corrections and argue that large Nc suggests a discontinuous drop of Meta[prime] at the critical temperature of deconfinement Tc, consistent with a first order transition to a phase with approximate U(1)A symmetry

    Anomalous amplitudes in a thermal bath

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    I review the implications of the axial anomaly in a thermal bath. I assume that the Adler-Bardeen theorem applies at nonzero temperature, so that the divergence of the axial current remains is independent of temperature. Nevertheless, I argue that while the anomaly doesn't change with temperature, ``anomalous'' mesonic couplings do. This is verified by explicit calculations in a low temperature expansion, and near the chiral phase transition.Comment: 11 pages, PTPTeX, to appear in the Proceedings of YKIS '9

    The Upgrade of the CMS RPC System during the First LHC Long Shutdown

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    The CMS muon system includes in both the barrel and endcap region Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC). They mainly serve as trigger detectors and also improve the reconstruction of muon parameters. Over the years, the instantaneous luminosity of the Large Hadron Collider gradually increases. During the LHC Phase 1 (~first 10 years of operation) an ultimate luminosity is expected above its design value of 10^34/cm^2/s at 14 TeV. To prepare the machine and also the experiments for this, two long shutdown periods are scheduled for 2013-2014 and 2018-2019. The CMS Collaboration is planning several detector upgrades during these long shutdowns. In particular, the muon detection system should be able to maintain a low-pT threshold for an efficient Level-1 Muon Trigger at high particle rates. One of the measures to ensure this, is to extend the present RPC system with the addition of a 4th layer in both endcap regions. During the first long shutdown, these two new stations will be equipped in the region |eta|<1.6 with 144 High Pressure Laminate (HPL) double-gap RPCs operating in avalanche mode, with a similar design as the existing CMS endcap chambers. Here, we present the upgrade plans for the CMS RPC system for the fist long shutdown, including trigger simulation studies for the extended system, and details on the new HPL production, the chamber assembly and the quality control procedures.Comment: 9 pages, 6 figures, presented by M.Tytgat at the XI workshop on Resistive Plate Chambers and Related Detectors (RPC2012), INFN - Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, February 5-10, 201
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