10 research outputs found

    Thermal switching of indirect interlayer exchange in magnetic multilayers

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    We propose a magnetic multilayer layout, in which the indirect exchange coupling (IEC also known as RKKY) can be switched on and off by a slight change in temperature. We demonstrate such on/off IEC switching in a Fe/Cr/FeCr-based system and obtain thermal switching widths as small as 10--20~K, essentially in any desired temperature range, including at or just above room temperature. These results add a new dimension of tunable thermal control to IEC in magnetic nanostructures, highly technological in terms of available materials and operating physical regimes.Comment: 3 figures, Supplementary Inf

    Ferromagnetic resonance and interlayer exchange coupling in magnetic multilayers with compositional gradients

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    Ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) in magnetic multilayers of type F1/f/F2, where two strongly ferromagnetic layers F1 and F2 are separated by a weakly magnetic spacer f with a compositional gradient along its thickness, is investigated. The method allows to detect the weak signal from the spacer in additional to the more pronounced and readily measured signal from the outer strongly-magnetic layers, and thereby study the properties of the spacer as well as the interlayer exchange interaction it mediates. Variable temperature FMR measurements, especially near the relevant Curie points, reveal a rich set of properties of the exchange interactions in the system. The obtained results are useful for designing and optimizing nanostructures with thermally-controlled magnetic properties.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figure

    Antiferromagnet-mediated interlayer exchange: hybridization versus proximity effect

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    We investigate the interlayer coupling between two thin ferromagnetic (F) films mediated by an antiferromagnetic (AF) spacer in F*/AF/F trilayers and show how it transitions between different regimes on changing the AF thickness. Employing layer-selective Kerr magnetometry and ferromagnetic-resonance techniques in a complementary manner enables us to distinguish between three functionally distinct regimes of such ferromagnetic interlayer coupling. The F layers are found to be individually and independently exchange-biased for thick FeMn spacers - the first regime of no interlayer F-F* coupling. F-F* coupling appears on decreasing the FeMn thickness below 9 nm. In this second regime found in structures with 6.0-9.0 nm thick FeMn spacers, the interlayer coupling exists only in a finite temperature interval just below the effective N\'eel temperature of the spacer, which is due to magnon-mediated exchange through the thermally softened antiferromagnetic spacer, vanishing at lower temperatures. The third regime, with FeMn thinner than 4 nm, is characterized by a much stronger interlayer coupling in the entire temperature interval, which is attributed to a magnetic-proximity induced ferromagnetic exchange. These experimental results, spanning the key geometrical parameters and thermal regimes of the F*/AF/F nanostructure, complemented by a comprehensive theoretical analysis, should broaden the understanding of the interlayer exchange in magnetic multilayers and potentially be useful for applications in spin-thermionics.Comment: 14 pages, 9 figure

    Effect of nanostructure layout on spin pumping phenomena in antiferromagnet/nonmagnetic metal/ferromagnet multilayered stacks

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    In this work we focus on magnetic relaxation in Mn80Ir20(12 nm)/Cu(6 nm)/Py(dF) antiferromagnet/Cu/ferromagnet (AFM/Cu/FM) multilayers with different thickness of the ferromagnetic permalloy layer. An effective FM-AFM interaction mediated via the conduction electrons in the nonmagnetic Cu spacer – the spin-pumping effect – is detected as an increase in the linewidth of the ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) spectra and a shift of the resonant magnetic field. We further find experimentally that the spin-pumping-induced contribution to the linewidth is inversely proportional to the thickness of the Py layer. We show that this thickness dependence likely originates from the dissipative dynamics of the free and localized spins in the AFM layer. The results obtained could be used for tailoring the dissipative properties of spintronic devices incorporating antiferromagnetic layers