1,585 research outputs found

    A reconstruction method for neutrino induced muon tracks taking into account the apriori knowledge of the neutrino source

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    Gamma ray earthbound and satellite experiments have discovered, over the last years, many galactic and extra-galactic gamma ray sources. The detection of astrophysical neutrinos emitted by the same sources would imply that these astrophysical objects are charged cosmic ray accelerators and help to resolve the enigma of the origin of cosmic rays. A very large volume neutrino telescope might be able to detect these potential neutrino emitters. The apriori known direction of the neutrino source can be used to effectively suppress the 40K^{40}K optical background and increase significantly the tracking efficiency through causality filters. We report on advancing filtering and prefit techniques using the known neutrino source direction and first results are presented.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figures, to be published in Nucl. Inst. and Meth. A v2: minor changes, 1 page adde

    Evaluation of the discovery potential of an underwater Mediterranean neutrino telescope taking into account the estimated directional resolution and energy of the reconstructed tracks

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    We report on the development of search methods for point-like and extended neutrino sources, utilizing the tracking and energy estimation capabilities of an underwater, Very Large Volume Neutrino Telescope (VLVnT). We demonstrate that the developed techniques offer a significant improvement on the telescope's discovery potential. We also present results on the potential of the Mediterranean KM3NeT to discover galactic neutrino sources.Comment: 12 pages, 1 figure, to be published in Nucl. Inst. and Meth. A v2: minor changes, 1 page adde

    Reconstruction efficiency and discovery potential of a Mediterranean neutrino telescope: A simulation study using the Hellenic Open University Reconstruction & Simulation (HOURS) package

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    We report on the evaluation of the performance of a Mediterranean very large volume neutrino telescope. We present results of our studies concerning the capability of the telescope in detecting/discovering galactic (steady point sources) and extragalactic, transient (Gamma Ray Bursts) high energy neutrino sources as well as measuring ultra high energy diffuse neutrino fluxes. The neutrino effective area and angular resolution are presented as a function of the neutrino energy, and the background event rate (atmospheric neutrinos and muons) is estimated. The discovery potential of the neutrino telescope is evaluated and the experimental time required for a significant discovery of potential neutrino emitters (known from their gamma ray emission, assumedly produced by hadronic interactions) is estimated. For the simulation we use the HOU Reconstruction & Simulation (HOURS) software package.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figures, to be published in Nucl. Inst. and Meth. A v2: minor changes, 1 page adde

    A Feasibility Study for the Detection of Supernova Explosions with an Undersea Neutrino Telescope

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    We study the potential of a very large volume underwater Mediterranean neutrino telescope to observe neutrinos from supernova (SN) explosions within our galaxy. The intense neutrino burst emitted in a SN explosion results in a large number of MeV neutrinos inside the instrumented volume of the neutrino telescope that can be detected (mainly) via the reaction \nu_e-bar + p -> e^+ + n . In this study we simulated the response of the underwater neutrino telescope to the electron antineutrino flux predicted by the Garching model for SN explosions. We assumed that the neutrino telescope comprises 6160 direction sensitive optical modules, each containing 31 small photomultiplier tubes. Multiple coincidences between the photomultiplier tubes of the same optical module are utilized to suppress the noise produced by 40K^{40}K radioactive decays and to establish a statistical significant signature of the SN explosion.Comment: 11 pages, 3 figures, to be published in Nucl. Inst. and Meth. A v2: minor changes, 1 page adde

    Angular reconstruction of high energy air showers using the radio signal spectrum

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    The Hellenic Open University extensive air shower array (also known as Astroneu array) is a small scale hybrid detection system operating in an area with high levels of electromagnetic noise from anthropogenic activity. In the present study we report the latest results of the data analysis concerning the estimation of the shower direction using the spectrum of the RF system. In a recent layout of the array, 4 RF antennas were operating receiving a common trigger from an autonomous detection station of 3 particle detectors. The directions estimated with the RF system are in very good agreement with the corresponding estimations using the particle detectors demonstrating that a single antenna has the potential for reconstructing the shower axis angular direction