6,564 research outputs found

    Fifty years of research at CERN, from past to future: Experiment

    Get PDF

    Searches for new particles

    Get PDF

    Colliders

    Get PDF

    Proposal to Search for Heavy Neutral Leptons at the SPS

    Full text link
    A new fixed-target experiment at the CERN SPS accelerator is proposed that will use decays of charm mesons to search for Heavy Neutral Leptons (HNLs), which are right-handed partners of the Standard Model neutrinos. The existence of such particles is strongly motivated by theory, as they can simultaneously explain the baryon asymmetry of the Universe, account for the pattern of neutrino masses and oscillations and provide a Dark Matter candidate. Cosmological constraints on the properties of HNLs now indicate that the majority of the interesting parameter space for such particles was beyond the reach of the previous searches at the PS191, BEBC, CHARM, CCFR and NuTeV experiments. For HNLs with mass below 2 GeV, the proposed experiment will improve on the sensitivity of previous searches by four orders of magnitude and will cover a major fraction of the parameter space favoured by theoretical models. The experiment requires a 400 GeV proton beam from the SPS with a total of 2x10^20 protons on target, achievable within five years of data taking. The proposed detector will reconstruct exclusive HNL decays and measure the HNL mass. The apparatus is based on existing technologies and consists of a target, a hadron absorber, a muon shield, a decay volume and two magnetic spectrometers, each of which has a 0.5 Tm magnet, a calorimeter and a muon detector. The detector has a total length of about 100 m with a 5 m diameter. The complete experimental set-up could be accommodated in CERN's North Area. The discovery of a HNL would have a great impact on our understanding of nature and open a new area for future research

    HERA Physics Beyond the Standard Model

    Get PDF
    The prospects of physics beyond the standard model in deep inelastic scattering are reviewed, emphasizing some scenarios which attained attention after the observation of an excess of events with large momentum transfer at HERA.Comment: 8 pages, LaTeX, uses iop style files and axodraw.sty, Talk presented at the 3rd UK Phenomenology Workshop on HERA Physics, September 1998, Durha

    Role of beam polarization in the determination of WWγWW\gamma and WWZWWZ couplings from e+eW+We^+e^-\to W^+W^-

    Full text link
    We evaluate the constraints on anomalous trilinear gauge-boson couplings that can be obtained from the study of electron-positron annihilation into WW pairs at a facility with either the electron beam longitudinally polarized or both electron and positron beams transversely polarized. The energy ranges considered in the analysis are the ones relevant to the next-linear collider and to LEP~200. We discuss the possibilities of a model independent analysis of the general CPCP conserving anomalous effective Lagrangian, as well as its restriction to some specific models with reduced number of independent couplings. The combination of observables with initial and final state polarizations allows to separately constrain the different couplings and to improve the corresponding numerical bounds.Comment: 24 pages, LaTeX, 9 figures (available on request from the authors

    Background thermal depolarization of electrons in storage rings

    Get PDF
    We discuss the influence of the background thermal bath on the depolarization of electrons in high-energy storage rings, and on the photon emission associated with the spin flip. We focus, in particular, on electrons at LEP. We show that in a certain interval of solid angles the photon emission is enhanced several orders of magnitude because of the presence of the thermal bath. Notwithstanding, the overall depolarization induced by the background thermal bath at LEP conditions is much smaller than the one induced by plain acceleration at zero-temperature and can be neglected in practical situations. Eventually we discuss in what conditions the background thermal bath can enhance the overall depolarization by several orders of magnitude.Comment: 17 pages, (REVTEX 3.0), 4 figures. New version with updated references and a section suppression. Minor improvements along the tex

    Determination of the b quark mass at the M_Z scale with the DELPHI detector at LEP

    Get PDF
    An experimental study of the normalized three-jet rate of b quark events with respect to light quarks events (light= \ell \equiv u,d,s) has been performed using the CAMBRIDGE and DURHAM jet algorithms. The data used were collected by the DELPHI experiment at LEP on the Z peak from 1994 to 2000. The results are found to agree with theoretical predictions treating mass corrections at next-to-leading order. Measurements of the b quark mass have also been performed for both the b pole mass: M_b and the b running mass: m_b(M_Z). Data are found to be better described when using the running mass. The measurement yields: m_b(M_Z) = 2.85 +/- 0.18 (stat) +/- 0.13 (exp) +/- 0.19 (had) +/- 0.12 (theo) GeV/c^2 for the CAMBRIDGE algorithm. This result is the most precise measurement of the b mass derived from a high energy process. When compared to other b mass determinations by experiments at lower energy scales, this value agrees with the prediction of Quantum Chromodynamics for the energy evolution of the running mass. The mass measurement is equivalent to a test of the flavour independence of the strong coupling constant with an accuracy of 7 permil.Comment: 24 pages, 10 figures, Accepted by Eur. Phys. J.

    近十年关于毛泽东对资本主义认识的研究述评

    Get PDF
    本文对近年来有关毛泽东对资本主义的认识的演变、主张、局限性、改变认识的原因以及与列宁、刘 少奇、张闻天、邓小平等人的比较研究情况做了综述,认为毛泽东吸收借鉴了张闻天、刘少奇等的观点,形成了自 己对资本主义的认识。但后来改变了以往对资本主义的比较积极的看法而走向消极,表现出一定的局限性,改变的 原因也是多方面的。邓小平则创造性地发展了毛泽东的思想,大胆利用资本主义的文明成果,对于中国社会主义建 设起到了积极作用
    corecore