29 research outputs found

    Ferromagnetic resonance and interlayer exchange coupling in magnetic multilayers with compositional gradients

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    Ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) in magnetic multilayers of type F1/f/F2, where two strongly ferromagnetic layers F1 and F2 are separated by a weakly magnetic spacer f with a compositional gradient along its thickness, is investigated. The method allows to detect the weak signal from the spacer in additional to the more pronounced and readily measured signal from the outer strongly-magnetic layers, and thereby study the properties of the spacer as well as the interlayer exchange interaction it mediates. Variable temperature FMR measurements, especially near the relevant Curie points, reveal a rich set of properties of the exchange interactions in the system. The obtained results are useful for designing and optimizing nanostructures with thermally-controlled magnetic properties.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figure

    Giant and reversible extrinsic magnetocaloric effects in La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 films due to strain

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    Large thermal changes driven by a magnetic field have been proposed for environmentally friendly energy efficient refrigeration, but only a few materials which suffer hysteresis show these giant magnetocaloric effects. Here we create giant and reversible extrinsic magnetocaloric effects in epitaxial films of the ferromagnetic manganite La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 using strain mediated feedback from BaTiO3 substrates near a first-order structural phase transition. Our findings should inspire the discovery of giant magnetocaloric effects in a wide range of magnetic materials, and the parallel development of nanostructured bulk samples for practical applications.Comment: 32 pages, 1 Table, 5 figures, supplementary informatio

    Antiferromagnet-mediated interlayer exchange: hybridization versus proximity effect

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    We investigate the interlayer coupling between two thin ferromagnetic (F) films mediated by an antiferromagnetic (AF) spacer in F*/AF/F trilayers and show how it transitions between different regimes on changing the AF thickness. Employing layer-selective Kerr magnetometry and ferromagnetic-resonance techniques in a complementary manner enables us to distinguish between three functionally distinct regimes of such ferromagnetic interlayer coupling. The F layers are found to be individually and independently exchange-biased for thick FeMn spacers - the first regime of no interlayer F-F* coupling. F-F* coupling appears on decreasing the FeMn thickness below 9 nm. In this second regime found in structures with 6.0-9.0 nm thick FeMn spacers, the interlayer coupling exists only in a finite temperature interval just below the effective N\'eel temperature of the spacer, which is due to magnon-mediated exchange through the thermally softened antiferromagnetic spacer, vanishing at lower temperatures. The third regime, with FeMn thinner than 4 nm, is characterized by a much stronger interlayer coupling in the entire temperature interval, which is attributed to a magnetic-proximity induced ferromagnetic exchange. These experimental results, spanning the key geometrical parameters and thermal regimes of the F*/AF/F nanostructure, complemented by a comprehensive theoretical analysis, should broaden the understanding of the interlayer exchange in magnetic multilayers and potentially be useful for applications in spin-thermionics.Comment: 14 pages, 9 figure