5,905 research outputs found

    May 12 1997 Cme Event: I. a Simplified Model of the Pre-Eruptive Magnetic Structure

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    A simple model of the coronal magnetic field prior to the CME eruption on May 12 1997 is developed. First, the magnetic field is constructed by superimposing a large-scale background field and a localized bipolar field to model the active region (AR) in the current-free approximation. Second, this potential configuration is quasi-statically sheared by photospheric vortex motions applied to two flux concentrations of the AR. Third, the resulting force-free field is then evolved by canceling the photospheric magnetic flux with the help of an appropriate tangential electric field applied to the central part of the AR. To understand the structure of the modeled configuration, we use the field line mapping technique by generalizing it to spherical geometry. It is demonstrated that the initial potential configuration contains a hyperbolic flux tube (HFT) which is a union of two intersecting quasi-separatrix layers. This HFT provides a partition of the closed magnetic flux between the AR and the global solar magnetic field. The vortex motions applied to the AR interlock the field lines in the coronal volume to form additionally two new HFTs pinched into thin current layers. Reconnection in these current layers helps to redistribute the magnetic flux and current within the AR in the flux-cancellation phase. In this phase, a magnetic flux rope is formed together with a bald patch separatrix surface wrapping around the rope. Other important implications of the identified structural features of the modeled configuration are also discussed.Comment: 25 pages, 11 figures, to appear in ApJ 200

    Metallic proximity effect in ballistic graphene with resonant scatterers

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    We study the effect of resonant scatterers on the local density of states in a rectangular graphene setup with metallic leads. We find that the density of states in a vicinity of the Dirac point acquires a strong position dependence due to both metallic proximity effect and impurity scattering. This effect may prevent uniform gating of weakly-doped samples. We also demonstrate that even a single-atom impurity may essentially alter electronic states at low-doping on distances of the order of the sample size from the impurity.Comment: 9 pages, 2 figure

    Ballistic charge transport in chiral-symmetric few-layer graphene

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    A transfer matrix approach to study ballistic charge transport in few-layer graphene with chiral-symmetric stacking configurations is developed. We demonstrate that the chiral symmetry justifies a non-Abelian gauge transformation at the spectral degeneracy point (zero energy). This transformation proves the equivalence of zero-energy transport properties of the multilayer to those of the system of uncoupled monolayers. Similar transformation can be applied in order to gauge away an arbitrary magnetic field, weak strain, and hopping disorder in the bulk of the sample. Finally, we calculate the full-counting statistics at arbitrary energy for different stacking configurations. The predicted gate-voltage dependence of conductance and noise can be measured in clean multilayer samples with generic metallic leads.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures; EPL published versio

    Diffusion and criticality in undoped graphene with resonant scatterers

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    A general theory is developed to describe graphene with arbitrary number of isolated impurities. The theory provides a basis for an efficient numerical analysis of the charge transport and is applied to calculate the minimal conductivity of graphene with resonant scatterers. In the case of smooth resonant impurities conductivity grows logarithmically with increasing impurity concentration, in agreement with renormalization group analysis for the symmetry class DIII. For vacancies (or strong on-site potential impurities) the conductivity saturates at a constant value that depends on the vacancy distribution among two sublattices as expected for the symmetry class BDI.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figure