45,872 research outputs found

    Asymptotic normality of extreme value estimators on C[0,1]C[0,1]

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    Consider nn i.i.d. random elements on C[0,1]C[0,1]. We show that, under an appropriate strengthening of the domain of attraction condition, natural estimators of the extreme-value index, which is now a continuous function, and the normalizing functions have a Gaussian process as limiting distribution. A key tool is the weak convergence of a weighted tail empirical process, which makes it possible to obtain the results uniformly on [0,1][0,1]. Detailed examples are also presented.Comment: Published at http://dx.doi.org/10.1214/009053605000000831 in the Annals of Statistics (http://www.imstat.org/aos/) by the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (http://www.imstat.org

    Ellsberg Paradox: Ambiguity And Complexity Aversions Compared

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    We present a simple model where preferences with complexity aversion, rather than ambiguity aversion, resolve the Ellsberg paradox. We test our theory using laboratory experiments where subjects choose among lotteries that “range” from a simple risky lottery, through risky but more complex lotteries, to one similar to Ellsberg’s ambiguity urn. Our model ranks lotteries according to their complexity and makes different—at times contrasting—predictions than most models of ambiguity in response to manipulations of prizes. The results support that complexity aversion preferences play an important and separate role from beliefs with ambiguity aversion in explaining behavior under uncertainty

    The low-noise optimisation method for gearbox in consideration of operating conditions

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    This paper presents a comprehensive procedure to calculate the steady dynamic response and the noise radiation generated from a stepping-down gearbox. In this process, the dynamic model of the cylindrical gear transmission system is built with the consideration of the time-varying mesh stiffness, gear errors and bearing supporting, while the data of dynamic bearing force is obtained through solving the model. Furthermore, taking the data of bearing force as the excitation, the gearbox vibrations and noise radiation are calculated by numerical simulation, and then the time history of node dynamic response, noise spectrum and resonance frequency range of the gearbox are obtained. Finally, the gearbox panel acoustic contribution at the resonance frequency range is calculated. Based on the conclusions from the gearbox panel acoustic contribution analyses and the mode shapes, two gearbox stiffness improving plans have been studied. By contrastive analysis of gearbox noise radiation, the effectiveness of the improving plans is confirmed. This study has provided useful theoretical guideline to the gearbox design

    Predictive protocol of flocks with small-world connection pattern

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    By introducing a predictive mechanism with small-world connections, we propose a new motion protocol for self-driven flocks. The small-world connections are implemented by randomly adding long-range interactions from the leader to a few distant agents, namely pseudo-leaders. The leader can directly affect the pseudo-leaders, thereby influencing all the other agents through them efficiently. Moreover, these pseudo-leaders are able to predict the leader's motion several steps ahead and use this information in decision making towards coherent flocking with more stable formation. It is shown that drastic improvement can be achieved in terms of both the consensus performance and the communication cost. From the industrial engineering point of view, the current protocol allows for a significant improvement in the cohesion and rigidity of the formation at a fairly low cost of adding a few long-range links embedded with predictive capabilities. Significantly, this work uncovers an important feature of flocks that predictive capability and long-range links can compensate for the insufficiency of each other. These conclusions are valid for both the attractive/repulsive swarm model and the Vicsek model.Comment: 10 pages, 12 figure

    Magnetohydrodynamic properties of incompressible Meissner fluids

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    We consider a superconducting material that exists in the liquid state, more precisely, in which the Meissner-Ochsenfeld effect persists in the liquid state. First, we investigate how the shape of such a hypothetical Meissner liquid will adapt to accomodate for an applied external field. In particular, we analyse the case of a droplet of Meissner fluid, and compute the elongation of the droplet and its quadrupole frequency as a function of the applied field. Next, the influence of an applied field on the flow of the liquid is studied for the case of a surface wave. We derive the dispersion relation for surface waves on an incompressible Meissner fluid. We discuss some candidate realizations of the Meissner fluids and for the case of a superconducting colloid discuss which regime of wave lengths would be most affected by the Meissner effect.Comment: 12 pages, 3 figure

    General formalism for vibronic Hamiltonians in tetragonal symmetry and beyond

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    We derive general expansion formulas in vibrational coordinates for all bimodal Jahn–Teller and pseudo-Jahn–Teller Hamiltonians in tetragonal symmetry. Symmetry information of all the vibronic Hamiltonian matrix elements is fully carried by up to only 4 eigenvalues of symmetry operators. This problem-to-eigenvalue reduction enables us to handle thousands of vibronic problems in one work. The derived bimodal formulas can be easily extended to cover problems with one or more than two vibrational modes. They lay a solid foundation for future vibronic coupling studies of tetragonal systems. More importantly, the efficient derivation can be applied to handle (pseudo-)Jahn–Teller Hamiltonians for all problems with one principal symmetry axis
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