10,798 research outputs found

    Orbital Decay and Tidal Disruption of a Star Cluster: Analytical Calculation

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    The orbital decay and tidal disruption of a star cluster in a galaxy is studied in an analytical manner. Owing to dynamical friction, the star cluster spirals in toward the center of the galaxy. Simultaneously, the galactic tidal field strips stars from the outskirts of the star cluster. Under an assumption that the star cluster undergoes a self-similar evolution, we obtain the condition and timescale for the star cluster to reach the galaxy center before its disruption. The result is used to discuss the fate of so-called intermediate-mass black holes with >10^3 M(sun) found recently in young star clusters of starburst galaxies and also the mass function of globular clusters in galaxies.Comment: 12 pages, 1 PS file for 2 figures, to appear in The Astrophysical Journa

    A Geometrical Relationship between Broad-Line Clouds and an Accretion Disk around Active Galactic Nuclei

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    Recent hard X-ray spectroscopy of active galactic nuclei has strongly suggested that double-peaked, very broad Fe K emission arises from an accretion disk around the central engine. Model fitting of the observed Fe K emission line profile makes it possible to estimate a probable inclination angle of the accretion disk. In order to study the geometrical relationship between the accretion disk and broad emission-line regions (BLRs), we investigate the correlation between the inclination angle of the accretion disk and the velocity width of BLRs for 18 type-1 Seyfert galaxies. We found that there may be a negative correlation between them, i.e., Seyfert nuclei with a more face-on accretion disk tend to have larger BLR velocity widths, suggesting that the BLRs are not coplanar with respect to the accretion disk. The most probable interpretation may be that the BLRs arise from outer parts ({\it r} \sim 0.01 pc) of a warped accretion disk illuminated by the central engine.Comment: 11 pages, 3 figures; accepted for Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japa

    Thermodynamic properties of quadrupolar states in the frustrated pyrochlore magnet Tb2_2Ti2_2O7_7

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    The low-temperature thermodynamic properties of the frustrated pyrochlore Tb2+x_{2+x}Ti2x_{2-x}O7+y_{7+y} have been studied using the single crystal of x=0.005x=0.005 sitting in a long range ordered phase in the xx-TT phase diagram. We observed that the specific heat exhibits a minimum around 2 K and slightly increases on cooling, similar to a Schottky-like anomaly for canonical spin ices. A clear specific-heat peak observed at Tc=0.53T_{\rm c} = 0.53 K is ascribable to the phase transition to a quadrupolar state, which contributes to a relatively large change in entropy, S2.7S \simeq 2.7 J K1^{-1}mol1^{-1}. However, it is still smaller than Rln2R\ln2 for the ground state doublet of the Tb ions. The entropy release persists to higher temperatures, suggesting strong fluctuations associated with spin ice correlations above TcT_{\rm c}. We discuss the field dependence of the entropy change for H[111]H||[111] and H[001]H||[001].Comment: 6 pages, 2 figure

    Ferroelectric polarization flop in a frustrated magnet MnWO4_4 induced by magnetic fields

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    The relationship between magnetic order and ferroelectric properties has been investigated for MnWO4_4 with long-wavelength magnetic structure. Spontaneous electric polarization is observed in an elliptical spiral spin phase. The magnetic-field dependence of electric polarization indicates that the noncollinear spin configuration plays a key role for the appearance of ferroelectric phase. An electric polarization flop from the b direction to the a direction has been observed when a magnetic field above 10T is applied along the b axis. This result demonstrates that an electric polarization flop can be induced by a magnetic field in a simple system without rare-earth f-moments.Comment: 9 pages, 4 figure

    The origin of the phase separation in partially deuterated κ\kappa-(ET)2_2Cu[N(CN)2_2]Br studied by infrared magneto-optical imaging spectroscopy

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    The direct observation of the phase separation between the metallic and insulating states of 75 %-deuterated κ\kappa-(ET)2_2Cu[N(CN)2_2]Br (d33d33) using infrared magneto-optical imaging spectroscopy is reported, as well as the associated temperature, cooling rate, and magnetic field dependencies of the separation. The distribution of the center of spectral weight () of d33d33 did not change under any of the conditions in which data were taken and was wider than that of the non-deuterated material. This result indicates that the inhomogenity of the sample itself is important as part of the origin of the metal - insulator phase separation.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, accepted for publication in Solid State Commu
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