1,740 research outputs found

    MONOLITH: a high resolution neutrino oscillation experiment

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    MONOLITH is a proposed massive magnetized tracking calorimeter at the Gran Sasso laboratory in Italy, optimized for the detection of atmospheric muon neutrinos. The main goal is to test the neutrino oscillation hypothesis through an explicit observation of the full first oscillation swing. The sensitivity range for this measurement comfortably covers the entire Super-Kamiokande allowed region. Other measurements include studies of matter effects, the NC/CC and neutrino/anti-neutrino ratio with atmospheric neutrinos and auxiliary measurements from the CERN to Gran Sasso neutrino beam. Depending on approval, data taking with part of the detector could start in 2005. The MONOLITH detector and its performance are described.Comment: 8 pages, contribution to Les rencontres de Physique de la Vallee d'Aoste, March 200

    Prospects for the Precision Measurement of the W Mass with the CMS Detector at the LHC

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    The precise measurement of the mass of the W boson constitutes an important consistency check of the Standard Model and is sensitive to supersymmetric corrections. Together with the top quark mass, the W mass discriminates between the Standard Model and supersymmetric extensions. In this note, methods are presented which employ the large number of Z bosons produced at the LHC to significantly reduce theoretical and experimental uncertainties on the W mass measurement. A precision of about 40 MeV (20 MeV) with the first 1 fb^-1 (10 fb^-1) of integrated luminosity during the low luminosity run of the LHC is expected

    Energy Resolution Performance of the CMS Electromagnetic Calorimeter

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    The energy resolution performance of the CMS lead tungstate crystal electromagnetic calorimeter is presented. Measurements were made with an electron beam using a fully equipped supermodule of the calorimeter barrel. Results are given both for electrons incident on the centre of crystals and for electrons distributed uniformly over the calorimeter surface. The electron energy is reconstructed in matrices of 3 times 3 or 5 times 5 crystals centred on the crystal containing the maximum energy. Corrections for variations in the shower containment are applied in the case of uniform incidence. The resolution measured is consistent with the design goals

    Optimasi Portofolio Resiko Menggunakan Model Markowitz MVO Dikaitkan dengan Keterbatasan Manusia dalam Memprediksi Masa Depan dalam Perspektif Al-Qur`an

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    Risk portfolio on modern finance has become increasingly technical, requiring the use of sophisticated mathematical tools in both research and practice. Since companies cannot insure themselves completely against risk, as human incompetence in predicting the future precisely that written in Al-Quran surah Luqman verse 34, they have to manage it to yield an optimal portfolio. The objective here is to minimize the variance among all portfolios, or alternatively, to maximize expected return among all portfolios that has at least a certain expected return. Furthermore, this study focuses on optimizing risk portfolio so called Markowitz MVO (Mean-Variance Optimization). Some theoretical frameworks for analysis are arithmetic mean, geometric mean, variance, covariance, linear programming, and quadratic programming. Moreover, finding a minimum variance portfolio produces a convex quadratic programming, that is minimizing the objective function √į√į¬•with constraints√į √į √į¬• ¬• √įand√į¬ī√į¬• = √į. The outcome of this research is the solution of optimal risk portofolio in some investments that could be finished smoothly using MATLAB R2007b software together with its graphic analysis

    Differential cross section measurements for the production of a W boson in association with jets in proton‚Äďproton collisions at ‚ąös = 7 TeV