27,270 research outputs found

    Master integrals for massless three-loop form factors

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    We summarize the results for the master integrals of the three-loop quark and gluon form factor in massless QCD. Working in dimensional regularization we extract poles up to 1/epsilon^6. The computational techniques involve, among others, the expansion of higher transcendental functions and the Mellin-Barnes method. The coefficients of the Laurent expansion in epsilon are given either analytically or numerically to high precision.Comment: 8 pages, 1 figure; talk given at RADCOR 2009 - 9th International Symposium on Radiative Corrections (Applications of Quantum Field Theory to Phenomenology), October 25 - 30 2009, Ascona, Switzerlan

    Baryogenesis in the MSSM, nMSSM and NMSSM

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    We compare electroweak baryogenesis in the MSSM, nMSSM and NMSSM. We comment on the different sources of CP violation, the phase transition and constraints from EDM measurements.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figures. To appear in the proceedings of the 7th Conference on Strong and Electroweak Matter (SEWM06), Brookhaven National Laboratory, May 10-13, 200

    Reconstructing fully-resolved trees from triplet cover distances

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    It is a classical result that any finite tree with positively weighted edges, and without vertices of degree 2, is uniquely determined by the weighted path distance between each pair of leaves. Moreover, it is possible for a (small) strict subset L of leaf pairs to suffice for reconstructing the tree and its edge weights, given just the distances between the leaf pairs in L. It is known that any set L with this property for a tree in which all interior vertices have degree 3 must form a cover for T {that is, for each interior vertex v of T, L must contain a pair of leaves from each pair of the three components of T ̶ v. Here we provide a partial converse of this result by showing that if a set L of leaf pairs forms a cover of a certain type for such a tree T then T and its edge weights can be uniquely determined from the distances between the pairs of leaves in L. Moreover, there is a polynomial-time algorithm for achieving this reconstruction. The result establishes a special case of a recent question concerning `triplet covers', and is relevant to a problem arising in evolutionary genomics

    Distinguished minimal topological lassos

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    The ease with which genomic data can now be generated using Next Generation Sequencing technologies combined with a wealth of legacy data holds great promise for exciting new insights into the evolutionary relationships between and within the kingdoms of life. At the sub-species level (e.g. varieties or strains) certain edge weighted rooted trees with leaf set the set XX of organisms under consideration are often used to represent them. Called Dendrograms, it is well-known that they can be uniquely reconstructed from distances provided all distances on XX are known. More often than not, real biological datasets do not satisfy this assumption implying that the sought after dendrogram need not be uniquely determined anymore by the available distances with regards to topology, edge-weighting, or both. To better understand the structural properties a set \cL\subseteq {X\choose 2} has to satisfy to overcome this problem, various types of lassos have been introduced. Here, we focus on the question of when a lasso uniquely determines the topology of a dendrogram, that is, it is a topological lasso for it's underlying tree. We show that any set-inclusion minimal topological lasso for such a tree TT can be transformed into a structurally nice minimal topological lasso for TT. Calling such a lasso a distinguished minimal topological lasso for TT we characterize them in terms of the novel concept of a cluster marker map for TT. In addition, we present novel results concerning the heritability of such lassos in the context of the subtree and supertree problems

    Combined potential of future long-baseline and reactor experiments

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    We investigate the determination of neutrino oscillation parameters by experiments within the next ten years. The potential of conventional beam experiments (MINOS, ICARUS, OPERA), superbeam experiments (T2K, NOvA), and reactor experiments (D-CHOOZ) to improve the precision on the ``atmospheric'' parameters Δm312\Delta m^2_{31}, θ23\theta_{23}, as well as the sensitivity to θ13\theta_{13} are discussed. Further, we comment on the possibility to determine the leptonic CP-phase and the neutrino mass hierarchy if θ13\theta_{13} turns out to be large.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, Talk given by T.S. at the NOW2004 workshop, Conca Specchiulla (Otranto, Italy), 11--17 Sept. 200
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