929 research outputs found

    Hadronic Axion Model in Gauge-Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking

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    A simple hadronic axion model is proposed in the framework of gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking. Dynamics of Peccei-Quinn symmetry breaking is governed by supersymmetry breaking effects and the Peccei-Quinn breaking scale fPQf_{PQ} is inversely proportional to the gravitino mass. The gravitino mass range which corresponds to the axion window fPQ≃109f_{PQ} \simeq 10^{9} GeV -- 101310^{13} GeV lies in the region predicted by gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking models. The model is also shown to be cosmologically viable.Comment: 20 pages including seven postscript figures, reviced version to be published in Physics Letters

    Basic oscillation measurables in the neutrino pair beam

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    It is shown that the vector current contribution of neutrino interaction with electrons in ion gives rise to oscillating component, which is absent for the axial-vector contribution, when a single neutrino is detected in the recently proposed neutrino pair beam. CP violation measurements are thus possible with high precision along with determination of mass hierarchical patterns.Comment: 10 pages, 9 figure

    Quarks and Leptons between Branes and Bulk

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    We study a supersymmetric SO(10) gauge theory in six dimensions compactified on an orbifold. Three sequential quark-lepton families are localized at the three fixpoints where SO(10) is broken to its three GUT subgroups. Split bulk multiplets yield the Higgs doublets of the standard model and as additional states lepton doublets and down-quark singlets. The physical quarks and leptons are mixtures of brane and bulk states. The model naturally explains small quark mixings together with large lepton mixings in the charged current. A small hierarchy of neutrino masses is obtained due to the different down-quark and up-quark mass hierarchies. None of the usual GUT relations between fermion masses holds exactly.Comment: 12 pages, 1 figur

    Soft L_e-L_mu-L_tau flavour symmetry breaking and sterile neutrino keV Dark Matter

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    We discuss how a Le−Lμ−LτL_e-L_\mu-L_\tau flavour symmetry that is softly broken leads to keV sterile neutrinos, which are a prime candidate for Warm Dark Matter. This is to our knowledge the first model where flavour symmetries are applied simultaneously to active and sterile neutrinos explaining at the same time active neutrino properties and this peculiar Dark Matter scenario. The essential point is that different scales of the symmetry breaking and the symmetry preserving entries in the mass matrix lead to one right-handed neutrino which is nearly massless compared to the other two. Furthermore, we naturally predict vanishing θ13\theta_{13} and maximal θ23\theta_{23}, while the correct value of θ12\theta_{12} must come from the mixing of the charged leptons. We can furthermore predict an exact mass spectrum for the light neutrinos, which will be testable in the very near future.Comment: 14 page

    Production and Evolution of Perturbations of Sterile Neutrino Dark Matter

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    Sterile neutrinos, fermions with no standard model couplings [SU(2) singlets], are predicted by most extensions of the standard model, and may be the dark matter. I describe the nonthermal production and linear perturbation evolution in the early universe of this dark matter candidate. I calculate production of sterile neutrino dark matter including effects of Friedmann dynamics dictated by the quark-hadron transition and particle population, the alteration of finite temperature effective mass of active neutrinos due to the presence of thermal leptons, and heating of the coupled species due to the disappearance of degrees of freedom in the plasma. These effects leave the sterile neutrinos with a non-trivial momentum distribution. I also calculate the evolution of sterile neutrino density perturbations in the early universe through the linear regime and provide a fitting function form for the transfer function describing the suppression of small scale fluctuations for this warm dark matter candidate. The results presented here differ quantitatively from previous work due to the inclusion here of the relevant physical effects during the production epoch.Comment: v4: matches version in Phys. Rev.

    Lopsided Mass Matrices and Leptogenesis in SO(10) GUT

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    Lopsided structure in mass matrices of down quarks and leptons gives a simple explanation for the observed large angles of neutrino mixings. We realize such mass matrices by the Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism in the framework of supersymmetric SO(10) grand unified theory (GUT). It is shown that the model can reproduce the successful mass matrices which have been obtained in SU(5) models. Cosmological implication of the model is also discussed. We show that the hybrid inflation occurs naturally in the model and it offers non-thermal leptogenesis by decays of the next-to-lightest right-handed neutrinos. The present baryon asymmetry is explained by just the oscillation mass scale in the atmospheric neutrinos.Comment: 12 page
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