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    Effect of a humid environment on the surface structure of RuO2(110)

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    Combining density-functional theory and thermodynamics we compute the phase diagram of surface structures of rutile RuO2 (110) in equilibrium with water vapor in the complete range of experimentally accessible gas phase conditions. Through the formation of hydroxyl or water-like groups, already lowest concentrations of hydrogen in the gas phase are sufficient to stabilize an oxygen-rich polar oxide termination even at very low oxygen pressure.Comment: 7 pages including 5 figures, Submitted to Phys. Rev. B., Related publications can be found at http://www.fhi-berlin.mpg.de/th/paper.htm

    Adaptive Huber Regression

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    Big data can easily be contaminated by outliers or contain variables with heavy-tailed distributions, which makes many conventional methods inadequate. To address this challenge, we propose the adaptive Huber regression for robust estimation and inference. The key observation is that the robustification parameter should adapt to the sample size, dimension and moments for optimal tradeoff between bias and robustness. Our theoretical framework deals with heavy-tailed distributions with bounded (1+δ)(1+\delta)-th moment for any δ>0\delta > 0. We establish a sharp phase transition for robust estimation of regression parameters in both low and high dimensions: when δ1\delta \geq 1, the estimator admits a sub-Gaussian-type deviation bound without sub-Gaussian assumptions on the data, while only a slower rate is available in the regime 0<δ<10<\delta< 1. Furthermore, this transition is smooth and optimal. In addition, we extend the methodology to allow both heavy-tailed predictors and observation noise. Simulation studies lend further support to the theory. In a genetic study of cancer cell lines that exhibit heavy-tailedness, the proposed methods are shown to be more robust and predictive.Comment: final versio