119,536 research outputs found

    Spectral Line Width Broadening from Pair Fluctuation in a Frozen Rydberg Gas

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    Spectral line width broadening in Rydberg gases, a phenomenon previously attributed to the many-body effect, was observed experimentally almost a decade ago. The observed line width was typically 80-100 times larger than the average interaction strength predicted from a binary interaction. The interpretation of such a phenomenon is usually based on the so-called diffusion model, where the line width broadening mostly originates from the diffusion of excitations. In this paper, we present a model calculation to show that diffusion is not the main mechanism to the line width broadening. We find that the rare pair fluctuation at small separation is the dominant factor contributing to this broadening. Our results give a width of about 20-30 times larger than the average interaction strength. More importantly, by turning off the diffusion process, we do not observe order of magnitude change in the spectral line width

    A concentrator for static magnetic field

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    We propose a compact passive device as a super-concentrator to create an extremely high uniform static magnetic field over 50T in a large two-dimensional free space from a weak background magnetic field. Such an amazing thing becomes possible for the first time, thanks to space-folded transformation and metamaterials for static magnetic fields. Finite element method (FEM) is utilized to verify the performance of the proposed device

    A channel estimation method for MIMO-OFDM Mobile WiMax systems

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    This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. Copyright IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.In this paper, channel estimation for Space-Time Block Code (STBC) - Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is investigated for Mobile WiMax systems. A new channel estimation approach is proposed using the dedicated pilot subcarriers defined at constant intervals by the WiMax standard. The estimation method has low computation as only linear operations are needed due to orthogonal pilot coding. The performances of the proposed method have been demonstrated by extensive computer simulations. For the OFDM system with two transmit antennas and one to four receive antennas and using QPSK modulation, the simulated results under different Stanford University Interim (SUI) channels show that the proposed method has only a 4dB loss compared to the ideal case where the channel is known at the receiver

    Transforming magnets

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    Based on the form-invariant of Maxwell's equations under coordinate transformations, we extend the theory of transformation optics to transformation magneto-statics, which can design magnets through coordinate transformations. Some novel DC magnetic field illusions created by magnets (e.g. shirking magnets, cancelling magnets and overlapping magnets) are designed and verified by numerical simulations. Our research will open a new door to designing magnets and controlling DC magnetic fields

    Challenge on the Astrophysical R-process Calculation with Nuclear Mass Models

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    Our understanding of the rapid neutron capture nucleosynthesis process in universe depends on the reliability of nuclear mass predictions. Initiated by the newly developed mass table in the relativistic mean field theory (RMF), in this paper the influence of mass models on the rr-process calculations is investigated assuming the same astrophysical conditions. The different model predictions on the so far unreachable nuclei lead to significant deviations in the calculated r-process abundances.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figure

    Consequences of 't Hooft's Equivalence Class Theory and Symmetry by Large Coarse Graining

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    According to 't Hooft (Class.Quantum.Grav. 16 (1999), 3263), quantum gravity can be postulated as a dissipative deterministic system, where quantum states at the ``atomic scale''can be understood as equivalence classes of primordial states governed by a dissipative deterministic dynamics law at the ``Planck scale''. In this paper, it is shown that for a quantum system to have an underlying deterministic dissipative dynamics, the time variable should be discrete if the continuity of its temporal evolution is required. Besides, the underlying deterministic theory also imposes restrictions on the energy spectrum of the quantum system. It is also found that quantum symmetry at the ``atomic scale'' can be induced from 't Hooft's Coarse Graining classification of primordial states at the "Planck scale".Comment: 12 papge, Late

    Gate-controllable spin-battery

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    We propose a gate-controllable spin-battery for spin current. The spin-battery consists of a lateral double quantum dot under a uniform magnetic field. A finite DC spin-current is driven out of the device by controlling a set of gate voltages. Spin-current can also be delivered in the absence of charge-current. The proposed device should be realizable using present technology at low temperature.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figures, accepted by Appl. Phys. Let
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