4 research outputs found

    Investigation of the Effect of Hydrogen and Methane on Combustion of Multicomponent Syngas Mixtures using a Constructed Reduced Chemical Kinetics Mechanism

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    This study investigated the effects of H2 and CH4 concentrations on the ignition delay time and laminar flame speed during the combustion of CH4/H2 and multicomponent syngas mixtures using a novel constructed reduced syngas chemical kinetics mechanism. The results were compared with experiments and GRI Mech 3.0 mechanism. It was found that mixture reactivity decreases and increases when higher concentrations of CH4 and H2 were used, respectively. With higher H2 concentration in the mixture, the formation of OH is faster, leading to higher laminar flame speed and shorter ignition delay time. CH4 and H2 concentrations were calculated at different pressures and equivalence ratios, showing that at high pressures CH4 is consumed slower, and, at different equivalence ratios CH4 reacts at different temperatures. In the presence of H2, CH4 was consumed faster. In the conducted two-stage sensitivity analysis, the first analysis showed that H2/CH4/CO mixture combustion is driven by H2-based reactions related to the consumption/formation of OH and CH4 recombination reactions are responsible for CH4 oxidation. The second analysis showed that similar CH4-based and H2 -based reactions were sensitive in both, methane- and hydrogen-rich H2/CH4 mixtures. The difference was observed for reactions CH2O + OH = HCO + H2O and CH4 + HO2 = CH3 + H2O2, which were found to be important for CH4-rich mixtures, while reactions OH + HO2 = H2O + O2 and HO2 + H = OH + OH were found to be important for H2-rich mixtures

    Reduced chemical kinetics mechanism for syngas combustion and NOx formation

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    Chemical kinetics and computational fluid-dynamics (CFD) analysis were performed to evaluate the combustion of syngas derived from biomass solid feedstock in a micro-pilot ignited supercharged dual-fuel engine under lean conditions. For this analysis, a new reduced syngas chemical kinetics mechanism was developed and validated by comparing the ignition delay and laminar flame speed data with those obtained from experiments and other detail chemical kinetics mechanisms available in the literature. The reaction sensitivity analysis was conducted for ignition delay at elevated pressures in order to identify important chemical reactions that govern the combustion process. We found that H02+OH=H20+02 and H202+H=H2+H02 reactions showed very high sensitivity during high-pressure ignition delay times and had considerable uncertainty. The chemical kinetics of NOx formation was analysed for H2/CO/C02/CH4 syngas mixtures by using premixed laminar flame speed reactors. The new mechanism showed a very good agreement with experimental measurements and accurately reproduced the effect of the equivalence ratio on NOx formation. Finally, the new mechanism was used in a multidimensional CFD simulation to predict the combustion of syngas in a micro-pilot-ignited supercharged dual-fuel engine and results were compared with experiments. The mechanism showed the closest prediction of the in-cylinder pressure and the rate of heat release (ROHR)

    Characterisation of DME-HCCI combustion cycles for formaldehyde and hydroxyl UV–vis absorption

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    We investigated time-resolved ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) light absorbance to identify the formation behaviour of formaldehyde (HCHO) and hydroxyl (OH) within the wavelength range of 280–400 nm in a homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine fuelled with dimethyl ether (DME). The time-resolved HCHO and OH profiles at different initial pressures showed that HCHO absorbance increased in the low-temperature reaction (LTR) and thermal-ignition preparation (TIP) regions and decreased gradually as the combustion approached the high-temperature reaction (HTR) region. At higher intake pressures, HCHO absorbance decreased and OH absorbance increased. The time-resolved absorbance spectra of HCHO, with peaks at 316, 328, 340, and 354 nm for all combustion cycles, were evaluated and it was found that average absorption at 328 nm was slightly higher than at 316, 340, and 354 nm. For knocking combustion cycles, the absorbance of HCHO in the LTR region was high for cycles with low knock intensity and low for cycles with high knock intensity, showing a high level of OH absorbance. Chemical kinetics analyses showed that for different fuel/oxidiser ratios, initial O2 concentration and intake temperature had no effect on in-cylinder temperatures in the LTR or TIP regions. However, they did have significant effects on HTR combustion. In-cylinder temperature in the LTR region had less effect on HCHO and H2O2 formation than pressure