34 research outputs found

    Which stem in total hip arthroplasty for developmental hip dysplasia? A comparative study using a 3D CT-based software for pre-operative surgical planning

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    Background Stem choice in total hip arthroplasty (THA) for hip dysplasia is still controversial. The aims of the study were to evaluate (1) which stem design provided the highest percentage of adequate reconstructions in THA for dysplasia and (2) any correlation between the reconstructions provided by the stems and the native femoral morphology. Materials and methods 150 CT scans including 200 adult dysplastic hips were randomly selected. Using the 3D CT-based software Hip-Op for surgical planning, the native hip anatomy was studied. Then, a single wedge tapered stem, an anatomical stem and a conical tapered stem were simulated in every hip. An adequate reconstruction of hip biomechanics was obtained when combined anteversion, offset restoration, coronal and sagittal tilt, canal filling and leg lengthening were inside the normal ranges. Results Conical stems achieved the highest percentage of adequate reconstructions (87%, p < 0.0001). The anatomical stem was the worst performer. Single wedge and anatomical stem acceptability was mainly influenced by the combined anteversion. Stem anteversion was correlated with the femoral anteversion (fair correlation), the calcar femorale (fair) and the mediolateral femoral diameter at isthmus (poor). When the femoral anteversion was >= 25 degrees, combined anteversion was very acceptable for the conical stem (99.2%), whereas the rate of acceptable combined anteversion for the single wedge tapered stem was 71.4%, and that for the anatomical stem was 51.6% (p < 0.0001). Conclusions Stem choice in developmental hip dysplasia is mainly driven by appropriate combined anteversion, which is dependent on the coronal and axial femoral morphologies. As a rule of thumb, tapered stems are adequate when femoral anteversion is < 25 degrees; conical stems should be adopted for higher anteversions

    A case-driven hypothesis for multi-stage crack growth mechanism in fourth-generation ceramic head fracture

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    Background Ceramic bearings are used in total hip arthroplasty due to their excellent wear behaviour and biocompatibility. The major concern related to their use is material brittleness, which significantly impacts on the risk of fracture of ceramic components. Fracture toughness improvement has contributed to the decrease in fracture rate, at least of the prosthetic head. However, the root cause behind these rare events is not fully understood. This study evaluated head fracture occurrence in a sizeable cohort of patients with fourth-generation ceramic-on-ceramic implants and described the circumstances reported by patients in the rare cases of head fracture. Methods The clinical survivorship of 29,495 hip prostheses, with fourth-generation ceramic bearings, was determined using data from a joint replacement registry. The average follow-up period was 5.2 years (range 0.1-15.6). Retrieval analysis was performed in one case for which the ceramic components were available. Results Clinical outcomes confirmed the extremely low fracture rate of fourth-generation ceramic heads: only two out of 29,495 heads fractured. The two fractures, both involving 36 mm heads, occurred without a concurrent or previous remarkable trauma. Considering the feature of the fractured head, a multi-stage crack growth mechanism has been hypothesized to occur following damage at the head-neck taper interface. Conclusions Surgeons must continue to pay attention to the assembly of the femoral head: achieving a proper head seating on a clean taper is a prerequisite to decrease the risk of occurrence of any damage process within head-neck junction, which may cause high stress concentration at the contact surface, promoting crack nucleation and propagation even in toughened ceramics

    Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after elective hip, knee and shoulder arthroplasty: protocol for a prospective cohort study

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    Background The number of hip, knee and shoulder arthroplasties continues to rise worldwide. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development has launched an initiative (called PaRIS Initiative) for the systematic collection of Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) in patients undergoing elective hip and knee arthroplasty. The Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute (IOR) was selected as a pilot center for the launch of the Initiative in Italy given that IOR hosts the Registry of Orthopedic Prosthetic Implants (RIPO), a region-wide registry which collects joint implant data from all the hospitals in the Emilia-Romagna Region. In this specific geographic area information related to PROMs after joint replacement is unknown. This paper describes the protocol of a study (PaRIS-IOR) that aims to implement the collection of a set of PROMs within an existing implant registry in Italy. The study will also investigate the temporal trend of PROMs in relation to the type of prosthesis and the type of surgical intervention. Methods The PaRIS-IOR study is a prospective, single site, cohort study that consists of the administration of PROMs questionnaires to patients on the list for elective arthroplasty. The questionnaires will be administered to the study population within 30 days before surgery, and then at 6 and 12 months following surgery. The study population will consist of consecutive adult patients undergoing either hip, knee or shoulder arthroplasty. The collected data will be linked with those routinely collected by the RIPO in order to assess the temporal trend of PROMs in relation to the type of prosthesis and the type of surgical intervention. Discussion The PaRIS-IOR study could have important implications in targeting the factors influencing functional outcomes and quality of life reported by patients after hip, knee and shoulder arthroplasty, and will also represent the first systematic collection of PROMs related to arthroplasty in Italy

    Patient reported outcomes measures (PROMs) trajectories after elective hip arthroplasty: a latent class and growth mixture analysis

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    Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are an extensively used tool to assess and improve the quality of healthcare services. PROMs can be related to individual demographic and clinical characteristics in patients undergoing hip arthroplasty (HA). The aim of this study is to identify distinct subgroups of patients with unique trajectories of PROMS scores and to determine patients' features associated with these subgroups

    Complications of extraperitoneal robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in high-risk prostate cancer: A single high-volume center experience

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    IntroductionThe role of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) in high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) has been debated over the years, but it appears safe and effective in selected patients. While the outcomes of transperitoneal RARP for high-risk PCa have been already widely investigated, data on the extraperitoneal approach are scarcely available. The primary aim of this study is to evaluate intra- and postoperative complications in a series of patients with high-risk PCa treated by extraperitoneal RARP (eRARP) and pelvic lymph node dissection. The secondary aim is to report oncological and functional outcomes.MethodsData of patients who underwent eRARP for high-risk PCa were prospectively collected from January 2013 to September 2021. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded, as also perioperative, functional, and oncological outcomes. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were classified by employing Intraoperative Adverse Incident Classification by the European Association of Urology and the Clavien–Dindo classification, respectively. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate a potential association between clinical and pathological features and the risk of complications.ResultsA total of 108 patients were included. The mean operative time and estimated blood loss were 183.5 ± 44 min and 115.2 ± 72.4 mL, respectively. Only two intraoperative complications were recorded, both grade 3. Early complications were recorded in 15 patients, of which 14 were of minor grade, and 1 was grade IIIa. Late complications were diagnosed in four patients, all of grade III. Body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m2, Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) > 20 ng/mL, PSA density >0.15 ng/mL2, and pN1 significantly correlated with a higher rate of overall postoperative complications. Moreover, BMI >30 kg/m2, PSA >20 ng/mL, and pN1 significantly correlated with a higher rate of early complications, while PSA >20 ng/mL, prostate volume <30 mL, and pT3 were significantly associated with a higher risk of late complications. In multivariate regression analysis, PSA >20 ng/mL significantly correlated with overall postoperative complications, while PSA > 20 and pN1 correlated with early complications. Urinary continence and sexual potency were restored in 49.1%, 66.7%, and 79.6% of patients and in 19.1%, 29.9%, and 36.2% of patients at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively.ConclusionseRARP with pelvic lymph node dissection in patients with high-risk PCa is a feasible and safe technique, resulting in only a few intra- and postoperative complications, mostly of low grade

    Towards a muon collider

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    A muon collider would enable the big jump ahead in energy reach that is needed for a fruitful exploration of fundamental interactions. The challenges of producing muon collisions at high luminosity and 10 TeV centre of mass energy are being investigated by the recently-formed International Muon Collider Collaboration. This Review summarises the status and the recent advances on muon colliders design, physics and detector studies. The aim is to provide a global perspective of the field and to outline directions for future work

    Virtual models for the valorisation and promotion of the business heritage in the historic centre of Florence

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    The project concerns the documentation of Florentine historical shops and commercial activities carried out through a census and a survey aimed at developing tools for the promotion, enhancement and dissemination of knowledge on the theme. These shops, connected with the history and the identity of the city, are in danger of disappearing due to the changes occurred with the liberalization of the control of commercial licenses and the development of competitive modern activities, heavily conditioned from mass tourism flows. The work, which referred to a previous research carried out by the University of Florence at the end of the eighties, has foreseen a preventive and fundamental phase of data sheet census of those activities, recognized as identities of the economy and the tradition of the city, aimed at defining the parameters for the protection. The census was accompanied by the acquisition of photographs, videos and digital surveying campaigns and it is aimed at understand, manage and displaying the image of business activities, manufacturing processes and the relationship between the activities, the urban front and their influence on the image of the city. Using different types of content the intent of the project is to develop a platform that is configured as a "widespread museum", in order to provide the user with knowledge, accessibility and use of this heritage. The aim is to develop thematic itineraries of cultural tourism, emphasizing the surplus value linked to the "intangible good" that craftsmanship, local tradition and their social function reflect on the historical center of Florence

    From Physical to Virtual Memory: Digital Survey for the Creation of an Informative “Double” of Florence Heritage

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    The aim of the research is to investigate the relationship between digital survey and remote sensing methodologies and the development of 3D models and tools for the dissemination of Cultural Heritage. The use of information and digital data as contents of web platforms and AR and VR applications, permit to develop useful instruments for the transfer of knowledge as well as its critical/analytical use for scientific purposes. Furthermore, the conclusions want to highlight the use of these technologies aim at educational scope, in order to evaluate the communicative experience that they can offer of tangible or intangible cultural spaces and contents, which are difficult to access or that no longer exist