1,270 research outputs found

    XMM-Newton observations of EF Eridani: the textbook example of low-accretion rate polars

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    Archival X-ray observations of EF Eridani obtained in a low state revealed distinct X-ray detections at a luminosity L_X ~ 2 10^{29} erg/s, three orders of magnitude below its high state value. The plasma temperature was found to be as low as kT \loa 2 keV, a factor 10 below the high state. The X-ray/UV/IR spectral energy distribution suggests faint residual accretion rather than coronal emission as being responsible for the low-state X-ray emission. EF Eri thus showed a clear transition from being shock-dominated in the high state to be cyclotron-dominated in the low state. From the optical/UV spectral energy distribution we re-determine the photospheric temperature of the white dwarf to \~10000K. Contrary to earlier claims, WD model atmospheres produce sufficient UV flux to reproduce the published GALEX flux and orbital modulation.Comment: A&A, in pres

    1RXSJ062518.2+733433: A bright, soft intermediate polar

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    We present the results of 50 hours time-resolved R-band photometry of the ROSAT all-sky survey source 1RXSJ062518.2+733433. The source was identified by Wei et al. (1999) as a cataclysmic variable. Our photometry, performed in 10 nights between February 11, 2003, and March 21, 2003, reveals two stable periodicities at 19.7874 and 283.118 min, which are identified as probable spin and orbital periods of the binary. We therefore classify 1RXSJ062518.2+733433 as an intermediate polar. Analysis of the RASS X-ray observations reveal a variability of 100% in the X-ray flux and a likely soft X-ray excess. The new IP thus joins the rare group of soft IPs with only four members so far.Comment: submitted to A&A, 5 pages, 6 figures of reduced qualit

    System parameters of the long-period polar V1309 Ori

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    Based on high-resolution optical spectroscopy in the blue and the near infra-red spectral range, we derived velocity images (Doppler tomograms) of the mass-donating secondary star and the accretion stream of the long-period eclipsing polar V1309 Ori (RX J0515.41+0104.6). Combined with HST-spectroscopy of high time resolution and optical photometry we were able to derive the main system parameters and to determine the accretion geometry of the binary. The length of the eclipse of the white dwarf is Delta t_{ecl} = 2418 +/- 60 s, the mass ratio Q = 1.37 - 1.63, and the orbital inclination i=76.6 - 78.9 degrees. The surface of the secondary star could be resolved in the Doppler image of NaI absorption lines, where it shows a marked depletion on the X-ray irradiated side. The accretion geometry proposed by us with a nearly aligned rotator, co-latitude delta ~ 10 degrees, tilted away from the ballistic stream, azimuth chi ~ -35 degrees, explains the shape of the emission-line Doppler tomograms and the shape of optical/UV eclipse light curves

    V405 Peg (RBS 1955): A Nearby, Low-Luminosity Cataclysmic Binary

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    (Abridged). The cataclysmic binary V405 Peg, originally discovered as ROSAT Bright Source (RBS) 1955 (= 1RXS J230949.6+213523), shows a strong contribution from a late-type secondary star in its optical spectrum, which led Schwope et al. to suggest it to be among the nearest cataclysmic binaries. We present extensive optical observations of V405 Peg. Time-series spectroscopy shows the orbital period, Porb, to be 0.1776469(7) d (= 4.2635 hr), or 5.629 cycle/d. We classify the secondary as M3 - M4.5. Astrometry with the MDM 2.4m telescope gives a parallax 7.2 +- 1.1 milli-arcsec, and a relative proper motion of 58 mas/yr. Our best estimate of the distance yields d = 149 (+26, -20) pc. The secondary stars's radial velocity has K2 = 92 +- 3 km/s, indicating a fairly low orbital inclination if the masses are typical. Extensive I-band time-series observations in the show the system varying between a minimum brightness level of I = 14.14 and states of enhanced activity about 0.2 mag brighter. While the low-state shows an ellipsoidal modulation, an additional photometric modulation appears in the high state, with 0.1 mag amplitude and period 220-280 min. The frequency of this modulation appears to be stable for a month or so, but no single period was consistently detected from one observing season to the next. We estimate the system luminosity by combining optical measurements with the archival X-ray spectrum. The implied mass accretion rate is orders of magnitudes below the predictions for the standard angular momentum loss above the period gap. The system may possibly belong to a largely undiscovered population of hibernating CVs.Comment: 11 figures; 7 of these are .png or .jpg to save space. In press for Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacifi

    The changing accretion states of the intermediate polar MU Camelopardalis

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    We study the timing and spectral properties of the intermediate polar MU Camelopardalis (1RXS J062518.2+733433) to determine the accretion modes and the accretion geometry from multi-wavelength, multi-epoch observational data. Light curves in different observed energy ranges (optical, UV, X-ray) are extracted. The timescales of variability in these light curves are determined using Analysis of Variance. Phase-resolved X-ray spectra are created with respect to the most prominent detected periodicities and each fitted with an identical model, to quantify the differences in the fitted components. The published tentative value for the spin period is unambiguously identified with the rotation period of the white dwarf. We detect a distinct soft X-ray component that can be reproduced well by a black body. The analysis of data obtained at different epochs demonstrates that the system is changing its accretion geometry from disk-dominated to a combination of disk- plus stream-dominated, accompanied with a significant change in brightness at optical wavelengths.Comment: Accepted for publication in Astron. Astrophys., 13 pages, 10 figure

    Performance of the ATLAS Muon Drift-Tube Chambers at High Background Rates and in Magnetic Fields

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    The ATLAS muon spectrometer uses drift-tube chambers for precision tracking. The performance of these chambers in the presence of magnetic field and high radiation fluxes is studied in this article using test-beam data recorded in the Gamma Irradiation Facility at CERN. The measurements are compared to detailed predictions provided by the Garfield drift-chamber simulation programme

    Performance of the ATLAS Precision Muon Chambers under LHC Operating Conditions

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    For the muon spectrometer of the ATLAS detector at the large hadron collider (LHC), large drift chambers consisting of 6 to 8 layers of pressurized drift tubes are used for precision tracking covering an active area of 5000 m2 in the toroidal field of superconducting air core magnets. The chambers have to provide a spatial resolution of 41 microns with Ar:CO2 (93:7) gas mixture at an absolute pressure of 3 bar and gas gain of 2?104. The environment in which the chambers will be operated is characterized by high neutron and background with counting rates of up to 100 per square cm and second. The resolution and efficiency of a chamber from the serial production for ATLAS has been investigated in a 100 GeV muon beam at photon irradiation rates as expected during LHC operation. A silicon strip detector telescope was used as external reference in the beam. The spatial resolution of a chamber is degraded by 4 ?m at the highest background rate. The detection efficiency of the drift tubes is unchanged under irradiation. A tracking efficiency of 98% at the highest rates has been demonstrated

    Resolution and Efficiency of the ATLAS Muon Drift-Tube Chambers at High Background Rates

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    The resolution and efficiency of a precision drift-tube chamber for the ATLAS muon spectrometer with final read-out electronics was tested at the Gamma Irradiation Facility at CERN in a 100 GeV muon beam and at photon irradiation rates of up to 990 Hz/square cm which corresponds to twice the highest background rate expected in ATLAS. A silicon strip detector telescope was used as external reference in the beam. The pulse-height measurement of the read-out electronics was used to perform time-slewing corrections which lead to an improvement of the average drift-tube resolution from 104 microns to 82 microns without irradiation and from 128 microns to 108 microns at the maximum expected rate. The measured drift-tube efficiency agrees with the expectation from the dead time of the read-out electronics up to the maximum expected rate

    Construction and Test of MDT Chambers for the ATLAS Muon Spectrometer

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    The Monitored Drift Tube (MDT) chambers for the muon spectrometer of the AT- LAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) consist of 3-4 layers of pressurized drift tubes on either side of a space frame carrying an optical monitoring system to correct for deformations. The full-scale prototype of a large MDT chamber has been constructed with methods suitable for large-scale production. X-ray measurements at CERN showed a positioning accuracy of the sense wires in the chamber of better than the required 20 ?microns (rms). The performance of the chamber was studied in a muon beam at CERN. Chamber production for ATLAS now has started
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