260 research outputs found

    Gravity and Scalar Fields

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    Gravity theories with non-minimally coupled scalar fields are used as characteristic examples in order to demonstrate the challenges, pitfalls and future perspectives of considering alternatives to general relativity. These lecture notes can be seen as an illustration of concepts, subtleties and techniques present in all alternative theories, but they also provide a brief review of generalised scalar-tensor theories.Comment: 21 pages, based on a lecture given at the Seventh Aegean Summer School "Beyond Einstein's Theory of Gravity

    Geodesic properties in terms of multipole moments in scalar-tensor theories of gravity

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    The formalism for describing a metric and the corresponding scalar in terms of multipole moments has recently been developed for scalar-tensor theories. We take advantage of this formalism in order to obtain expressions for the observables that characterise geodesics in terms of the moments. These expressions provide some insight into how the structure of a scalarized compact object affects observables. They can also be used to understand how deviations from general relativity are imprinted on the observables.Comment: 16 page

    Strong coupling in extended Horava-Lifshitz gravity

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    An extension of Horava-Lifshitz gravity was recently proposed in order to address the pathological behavior of the scalar mode all previous versions of the theory exhibit. We show that even in this new extension the strong coupling persists, casting doubts on whether such a model can constitute an interesting alternative to general relativity (GR).Comment: 4 pages; v2: minor changes and references added; v3: clarification regarding the strong coupling scale added; v4: version accepted for publication in PLB, addresses issues raised in arXiv:0912.055

    Horava-Lifshitz gravity with detailed balance

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    Horava-Lifshitz gravity with "detailed balance" but without the projectability assumption is discussed. It is shown that detailed balance is quite efficient in limiting the proliferation of couplings in Horava-Lifshitz gravity, and that its implementation without the projectability assumption leads to a theory with sensible dynamics. However, the (bare) cosmological constant is restricted to be large and negative.Comment: Contribution to the proceedings of NEB 15 conference, Chania, 20-23 June 2012 (talk given by D.V.

    Surface singularities in Eddington-inspired Born-Infeld gravity

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    Eddington-inspired Born-Infeld gravity was recently proposed as an alternative to general relativity that offers a resolution of spacetime singularities. The theory differs from Einstein's gravity only inside matter due to nondynamical degrees of freedom, and it is compatible with all current observations. We show that the theory is reminiscent of Palatini f(R) gravity and that it shares the same pathologies, such as curvature singularities at the surface of polytropic stars and unacceptable Newtonian limit. This casts serious doubts on its viability.Comment: 5 pages. v2: minor corrections to match published versio

    Perturbed Kerr Black Holes can probe deviations from General Relativity

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    Although the Kerr solution is common to many gravity theories, its perturbations are different in different theories. Hence, perturbed Kerr black holes can probe deviations from General Relativity.Comment: minor changes to match version published in Phys. Rev. Let
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