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    The crystal structure of thiourea nitrate

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    The structure of thiourea nitrate has been determined by three-dimensional X-ray methods. Both Cu Ke and Mo K~ data were obtained with a single-crystal diffractometer and the final R values are 4.9% and 5.5% respectively. The space group is P211m and there are two molecules in the unit cell. All atoms, including hydrogen, lie on mirror planes. The whole structure is built up of layers of atoms, the atoms within each layer being linked by a network of hydrogen bonds

    Berryogenesis: self-induced Berry flux and spontaneous non-equilibrium magnetism

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    Spontaneous symmetry breaking is central to the description of interacting phases of matter. Here we reveal a new mechanism through which a driven interacting system subject to a time-reversal symmetric driving field can spontaneously magnetize. We show that the strong internal ac fields of a metal driven close to its plasmon resonance may enable Berryogenesis: the spontaneous generation of a self-induced Bloch band Berry flux. The self-induced Berry flux supports and is sustained by a circulating plasmonic motion, which may arise even for a linearly polarized driving field. This non-equilibrium phase transition occurs above a critical driving amplitude, and may be of either continuous or discontinuous type. Berryogenesis relies on feedback due to interband coherences induced by internal fields, and may readily occur in a wide variety of multiband systems. We anticipate that graphene devices, in particular, provide a natural platform to achieve Berryogenesis and plasmon-mediated spontaneous non-equilibrium magnetization in present-day devices
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