5,140 research outputs found

    Addressing the Multi-Channel Inverse Problem at High Energy Colliders: A Model Independent Approach to the Search for New Physics with Trileptons

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    We describe a method for interpreting trilepton searches at high energy colliders in a model-independent fashion and apply it to the recent searches at the Tevatron. The key step is to recognize that the trilepton signature is comprised of four experimentally very different channels defined by the number of tau-leptons in the trilepton state. Contributions from these multiple channels to the overall experimental sensitivity (cross section times branching ratio) are model-independent and can be parametrized in terms of relevant new particle masses. Given the trileptonic branching ratios of a specific model, these experimentally obtained multichannel sensitivities can be combined to obtain a cross section measurement that can be used to confront the model with data. Our model-independent results are more widely applicable than the current Tevatron trilepton results which are stated exclusively in terms of mSUGRA parameters of supersymmetry. The technique presented here can be expanded beyond trilepton searches to the more general "inverse problem" of experimentally discriminating between competing models that seek to explain new physics discovered in multiple channels.Comment: 17 pages, 7 figures Changed content cosmetic changes for submission to JHE

    Strong rescattering in K-> 3pi decays and low-energy meson dynamics

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    We present a consistent analysis of final state interactions in K3π{K\rightarrow 3\pi} decays in the framework of Chiral Perturbation Theory. The result is that the kinematical dependence of the rescattering phases cannot be neglected. The possibility of extracting the phase shifts from future KSKLK_S-K_L interference experiments is also analyzed.Comment: 14 pages in RevTex, 3 figures in postscrip

    A Measurement of the KL Charge Asymmetry

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    We present a measurement of the charge asymmetry δL\delta_L in the mode KLπ±eνK_L \to \pi^{\pm}e^{\mp}\nu based on 298 million analyzed decays. We measure a value of δL=(3322±58(stat)±47(sys))106\delta_L = (3322 \pm 58(stat) \pm 47(sys))\cdot 10^{-6}, in good agreement with previous measurements and 2.4 times more precise than the current best published result. The result is used to place more stringent limits on CPT and ΔS=ΔQ\Delta S = \Delta Q violation in the neutral kaon system.Comment: Submitted to Physical Review Letters, Dec 31, 2001. 4 pages, 4 figure

    Search for Light Gluinos via the Spontaneous Appearance of pi+pi- Pairs with an 800 GeV/c Proton Beam at Fermilab

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    We searched for the appearance of pi+pi- pairs with invariant mass greater than 648 MeV in a neutral beam. Such an observation could signify the decay of a long-lived light neutral particle. We find no evidence for this decay. Our null result severely constrains the existence of an R0 hadron, which is the lightest bound state of a gluon and a light gluino, and thereby also the possibility of a light gluino. Depending on the photino mass, we exclude the R0 in the mass and lifetime ranges of 1.2 -- 4.6 GeV and 2E-10 -- 7E-4 seconds, respectively. (To Appear in Phys. Rev. Lett.)Comment: Documentstyle aps,epsfig,prl (revtex), 6 pages, 7 figure

    First Observation of the decay KL -> pi0 e e gamma

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    We report on the first observation of the decay KL -> pi0 ee gamma by the KTeV E799 experiment at Fermilab. Based upon a sample of 48 events with an estimated background of 3.6 +/- 1.1 events, we measure the KL -> pi0 ee gamma branching ratio to be (2.34 +/- 0.35 +/- 0.13)x10^{-8}. Our data agree with recent O(p^6) calculations in chiral perturbation theory that include contributions from vector meson exchange through the parameter a_V. A fit was made to the KL -> pi0 ee gamma data for a_V with the result -0.67 +/- 0.21 +/- 0.12, which is consistent with previous results from KTeV.Comment: Submitted to Physical Review Letters, 5 pages, 5 figure

    Search for the Decay K_L -> pi^0 nu nubar using pi^0 -> e^+ e^- gamma

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    We report on a search for the decay K_L -> pi^0 nu nubar, carried out as a part of E799-II, a rare K_L decay experiment at Fermilab. Within the Standard Model, the K_L -> pi^0 nu nubar decay is dominated by direct CP violating processes, and thus an observation of the decay implies confirmation of direct CP violation. Due to theoretically clean calculations, a measurement of B(K_L -> pi^0 nu nubar) is one of the best ways to determine the CKM parameter eta. No events were observed, and we set an upper limit B(K_L -> pi^0 nu nubar) < 5.9 times 10^-7 at the 90% confidence level.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Measurement of the branching ratio of pi^0 -> e^+e^- using K_L -> 3 pi^0 decays in flight

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    The branching ratio of the rare decay pi^0 -> e^+e^- has been measured in E799-II, a rare kaon decay experiment using the KTeV detector at Fermilab. The pi^0's were produced in fully-reconstructed K_L -> 3 pi^0 decays in flight. We observed 275 candidate pi^0 -> e^+e^- events, with an expected background of 21.4 +- 6.2 events which includes the contribution from Dalitz decays. We measured BR(pi^0 -> e^+e^-, x>0.95) = (6.09 +- 0.40 +- 0.24) times 10^{-8}, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. This result is the first significant observation of the excess rate for this decay above the unitarity lower bound.Comment: New version shortened to PRL length limit. 5 pages, 4 figures. Published in Phys. Rev. Let

    Observation of the Decay KLμ+μγγK_L\to \mu^+\mu^- \gamma \gamma

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    We have observed the decay KLμ+μγγK_L\to \mu^+\mu^- \gamma \gamma at the KTeV experiment at Fermilab. This decay presents a formidable background to the search for new physics in KLπ0μ+μK_L\to\pi^0\mu^+\mu^-. The 1997 data yielded a sample of 4 signal events, with an expected background of 0.155 ±\pm 0.081 events. The branching ratio is B(KLμ+μγγ{\mathcal B}(K_L\to \mu^+\mu^- \gamma \gamma) =(10.45.9+7.5(stat)±0.7(sys))×109 = (10.4^{+7.5}_{-5.9} {\rm (stat)} \pm 0.7 {\rm (sys)})\times 10^{-9} with mγγ1MeV/c2m_{\gamma\gamma} \geq 1 {\rm MeV/c}^2, consistent with a QED calculation which predicts (9.1±0.8)×109(9.1\pm 0.8)\times 10^{-9}.Comment: See also the paper "Search for the Decay KLπ0μ+μK_L \to \pi^0 \mu^+ \mu^-", also by the KTeV collaboratio

    Search for the Decay Kl -> pi0 e+ e-

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    We report on a search for the decay Kl -> pi0 e+ e- carried out by the KTeV/E799 experiment at Fermilab. This decay is expected to have a significant CP violating contribution and the measurement of its branching ratio could support the CKM mechanism for CP violation or could point to new physics. Two events were observed in the 1997 data with an expected background of 1.06 +-0.41 events, and we set an upper limit Br(Kl -> pi0 e+ e-) < 5.1 x 10^-10 at the 90% confidence level.Comment: 13 pages, 2 figure
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