6 research outputs found

    Mapa bioclim√°tico del Parque Nacional Sierra de las Nieves (M√°laga, Espa√Īa) basado en bioindicadores y aplicaci√≥n a HIC (pinsapares y vegetaci√≥n de alta monta√Īa).

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    La Bioclimatolog√≠a es la ciencia que se encarga de estudiar c√≥mo afecta el clima a la Biodiversidad, generando √≠ndices y clasificaciones bioclim√°ticas que ayudan a entenderla distribuci√≥n de los seres vivos en el Planeta y a escalas menores. Uno de los sistemas de clasificaci√≥n bioclim√°tica adaptado a la flora y vegetaci√≥n de la Pen√≠nsula ib√©ricay utilizado en este trabajo es el de Rivas-Mart√≠nez (2007), basado sobre todo en termotipos y ombrotipos (temperaturas y precipitaciones). El Parque Nacional de la Sierra de las Nieves fue declarado por la Ley 9/2021 del 1 de julio (BOE n√ļm. 157), sin embargo, todav√≠a carece de documentos que recogen todoslos aspectos del medio natural (PORN) para poder realizar una zonificaci√≥n y ordenaci√≥n de los usos acordes con la conservaci√≥n (PRUG). Un mapa bioclim√°tico a escala dedetalle ser√≠a muy √ļtil para su zonificaci√≥n y gesti√≥n, as√≠ como base para estudios de distribuci√≥n y adaptaciones de su elevada Biodiversidad. El objetivo de este trabajo es generar un mapa bioclim√°tico de termotipos del Parque Nacional para plataformas cartogr√°ficas y SIG. El mapa se desarrolla utilizandoinformaci√≥n sobre fitoindicadores, sinfitoindicadores e isolineas de nivel como l√≠mite entre los distintos termotipos identificados. Otro objetivo es conocer la distribuci√≥n de los HIC de pinsapar y de vegetaci√≥n de alta monta√Īa en el mapa bioclim√°tico generado y el √°rea que ocupan en cada termotipo y horizonte.Proyecto cofinanciado por el Ministerio de Ciencia eInnovaci√≥n con fondos del Fondo Europeo deDesarrollo Regional (FEDER) Proyecto Environmental and Biodiversity ClimateChange Lab (EnBiC2-Lab). Universidad de M√°laga. Campus de Excelencia Internacional Andaluc√≠a Tech

    The high climate vulnerability of western Mediterranean forests

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    Incluye un ap√©ndice con un fichero de datos complementarios.Understanding the effects of climate change is one of the most challenging goals for biodiversity conservation. The forests of Andalusia, in Southern Spain, are part of an important Mediterranean Basin biodiversity hotspot. However, great changes in climate are expected to occur in this region, and there is an increasing need to assess the vulnerability of its vegetation. We assess the vulnerability of twelve forest types in the region that are included in the European Directive 92/43/EEC as Habitats of Community Interest (HCI). HCI are natural habitat types which are in danger, have a small natural range, or present an outstanding example of a biogeographical regions in the European Union. We assessed vulnerability by analyzing the climate exposure level of each forest type under two global climate models [...], two emission scenarios [...] by the mid- and end-century time periods. The vulnerability analysis also includes the sensitivity and adaptive capacity of the dominant tree species which compose each forest type. An overall vulnerability score was calculated for each forest type, model, scenario and time period. [...] However, the effects of climate change will be perceptible by the mid-century, with most of the HCI forest types suffering climate stress. The ‚ÄúAndalusian oak forest‚ÄĚ and the ‚ÄúCorylus wet forest‚ÄĚ types were the most vulnerable to climate change, while the ‚ÄúMediterranean pine forest‚ÄĚ, the ‚ÄúOlea and Ceratonia forests‚ÄĚ and the ‚Äúoak forests‚ÄĚ were the least vulnerable. This assessment identifies the vulnerable forest types to climate change in the south of the Iberian Peninsula, and provides context for natural resource managers in making decisions about how to adapt forests to the impacts of climate change.This study was partially supported by the European Project (FEDER) through the Ministry for Science and Innovation 2014‚Äď2020 LIFEWATCH-2019-UMA-01 ‚ÄúEnBiC2-Lab‚ÄĚ. University of M√°laga (‚ÄúI Plan Propio de Investigaci√≥n, Transferencia y Divulgaci√≥n Cient√≠fica de la Universidad de M√°laga‚ÄĚ) funded a research stay at the University of Davis (California, USA). Funding for open access charge: Universidad de M√°laga / CBUA

    Assessment Protocol to Evaluate the Degree of Conservation of Habitats of Community Interest: A Case Study for the 5220* HCI in the Westernmost Localities of Europe

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    The westernmost European nucleus of the 5220* Habitat of Community Interest (HCI) is located in the province of M√°laga (Andalusia). In this area, the 5220* HCI is characterized by the presence of scrublands of Gymnosporia senegalensis subsp. europaea. This is a relict species in Europe, with inhabits only in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula. The westernmost Iberian nuclei of the 5220* HCI are constituted by three isolated nuclei (M√°laga‚ÄďRinc√≥n de la Victoria; Torremolinos; and Pizarra). These nuclei have been only partially mapped. The objectives were: to map the 5220* HCI characterized by G. senegalensis subsp. europaea in detail; to evaluate its degree of conservation (DC); and to identify the chronosequences of the evolution of this habitat from 1957 to 2021, and its fragmentation. Our results have contributed to generating a 1:10,000 scale cartography of the habitat. In general, the DC obtained was from good to excellent. With an excellent DC value, one inland locality (Pizarra) was highlighted. However, the highest reduction in the value of DC was observed in the localities of Torremolinos and M√°laga‚ÄďRinc√≥n de la Victoria which, in addition, have reduced the area of occupancy (AOO) and are fragmented. It is important to note that some areas of M√°laga‚ÄďRinc√≥n de la Victoria reached excellent values of DC, indicating the need to carry out protection.This paper was supported by the project CEIJ-006- ‚ÄúEvaluaci√≥n del estado de conservaci√≥n del litoral mediterr√°neo terrestre en el sureste ib√©rico (M√°laga-Granada, Espa√Īa) mediante el uso de flora relevante, al√≥ctonas invasoras y h√°bitats 92/43UE. Propuesta de gesti√≥n‚ÄĚ of the Campus of International Global Excellence of the Sea. A. Picornell was supported by a postdoctoral grant financed by the Consejer√≠a de Transformaci√≥n Econ√≥mica, Industria, Conocimiento y Universidades (Junta de Andaluc√≠a, POSTDOC_21_00056). This publication has been also funded by the University of Malaga (‚ÄúI Plan Propio de Investigaci√≥n, Transferencia y Divulgaci√≥n Cient√≠fica de la Universidad de M√°laga‚ÄĚ). Partial funding for open access charge: Universidad de M√°lag

    Nuevas aportaciones a la Flora Vascular de la provincia de M√°laga (Andaluc√≠a, Espa√Īa)

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    New chorological information about five taxa belong genera Ononis, Seseli, Sonchus, Thapsia and Thymelaea is reported. The new populations extend the distribution of the taxa in the Iberian Peninsula, and they are the only ones known in the province of Málaga.Se aporta nueva información corológica para cinco taxones de los géneros Ononis, Seseli, Sonchus, Thapsia y Thymelaea. Las nuevas poblaciones suponen una ampliación de su distribución conocida en la Península Ibérica y las primeras citas para la provincia de Málag

    Las poblaciones ibérico-occidentales de Maytenus senegalensis subsp. europaea y su hábitat de interés comunitario prioritario asociado (HIC 5220*): distribución y estado de conservación

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    Maytenus senegalensis s.l. es un arbusto tropical afro-asiático, relicto en la Península Ibérica, protegido por las normativas de Andalucía, Valencia y Murcia con la categoría VU. Está considerado uno de los taxones directrices del Hábitat de Interés Comunitario (HIC) 5220* (Matorrales arborescentes de Ziziphus lotus), circunscrito principalmente al extremo sureste de la Península Ibérica. Su límite occidental ibérico lo forman algunas poblaciones en la provincia de Málaga aisladas del resto (Manzano 2020, Acta Bot Malacit 45: 7-25). Estas poblaciones están fitosociológicamente caracterizadas (Pérez Latorre et al. 2008, Acta Bot Malacit 33: 215- 270), pero solo parcialmente cartografiadas por la Red de Información Ambiental de Andalucía (REDIAM, www.juntadeandalucia.es/medioambiente/ site/rediam). El objetivo es cartografiar en detalle las poblaciones conocidas de M. senegalensis en su límite occidental y su HIC asociado y realizar una valoración del estado de conservación (EC) de dichas poblaciones.Universidad de Málaga. Campus de Excelencia Internacional Andalucía Tech

    Assessment Protocol to Evaluate the Degree of Conservation of Habitats of Community Interest: A Case Study for the 5220* HCI in the Westernmost Localities of Europe

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    The westernmost European nucleus of the 5220* Habitat of Community Interest (HCI) is located in the province of M√°laga (Andalusia). In this area, the 5220* HCI is characterized by the presence of scrublands of Gymnosporia senegalensis subsp. europaea. This is a relict species in Europe, with inhabits only in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula. The westernmost Iberian nuclei of the 5220* HCI are constituted by three isolated nuclei (M√°laga‚ÄďRinc√≥n de la Victoria; Torremolinos; and Pizarra). These nuclei have been only partially mapped. The objectives were: to map the 5220* HCI characterized by G. senegalensis subsp. europaea in detail; to evaluate its degree of conservation (DC); and to identify the chronosequences of the evolution of this habitat from 1957 to 2021, and its fragmentation. Our results have contributed to generating a 1:10,000 scale cartography of the habitat. In general, the DC obtained was from good to excellent. With an excellent DC value, one inland locality (Pizarra) was highlighted. However, the highest reduction in the value of DC was observed in the localities of Torremolinos and M√°laga‚ÄďRinc√≥n de la Victoria which, in addition, have reduced the area of occupancy (AOO) and are fragmented. It is important to note that some areas of M√°laga‚ÄďRinc√≥n de la Victoria reached excellent values of DC, indicating the need to carry out protection
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