35,881 research outputs found

    The Rise and Fall of Prohibition in America

    Get PDF

    The Deleuzian Revolution: Ten Innovations in Difference and Repetition

    Get PDF
    Difference and Repetition might be said to have brought about a Deleuzian Revolution in philosophy comparable to Kant’s Copernican Revolution. Kant had denounced the three great terminal points of traditional metaphysics – self, world and God – as transcendent illusions, and Deleuze pushes Kant’s revolution to its limit by positing a transcendental field that excludes the coherence of the self, world and God in favour of an immanent and differential plane of impersonal individuations and pre-individual singularities. In the process, he introduces numerous conceptual innovations into philosophy: the becoming of concepts; a transformation of the form of the question; an insistence that philosophy must start in the middle; an attempt to think in terms of multiplicities; the development of a new logic and a new metaphysics based on a concept of difference; a new conception of space as intensive rather than extensive; a conception of time as a pure and empty form; and an understanding of philosophy as a system in heterogenesis – that is, a system that entails a perpetual genesis of the heterogeneous, an incessant production of the new. Keywords: concepts, becoming, multiplicity, singularity, the middle [au milieu], difference, intensity, time, system, the ne

    OntoBrowse: A World of Knowledge

    No full text
    This paper describes the creation and function of OntoBrowse, a domain-independent ontology browser system that was developed to provide generic access to any triplestore ontology without the need to create a bespoke interface. It features support for accessing multiple triplestores in one query session, bookmarks, Rendezvous sharing of bookmarks, multiple tabs, multiple windows, namespace caching and automatic generation of RDQL queries. OntoBrowse automatically loads images when referenced by URI and has a fully customisable user interface. In addition, the CIA World Factbook was asserted into a triplestore in order to gain a conceptual understanding of knowledge systems and for use as a controllable testing ground for the ontology browser

    Logic and Existence: Deleuze on the “Conditions of the Real”

    Get PDF
    Logique et existenceDeleuze Ă  propos des « conditions du rĂ©el »Pour Deleuze, l’un des problĂšmes fondamentaux d’une thĂ©orie de la pensĂ©e est de savoir comment la pensĂ©e peut quitter la sphĂšre du possible pour penser le rĂ©el, c’est-Ă dire pour penser l’existence elle-mĂȘme. La position du rĂ©el semble ĂȘtre hors du concept. Des prĂ©-kantiens comme Leibniz approchaient ce problĂšme par le biais de la distinction entre vĂ©ritĂ©s d’essence et vĂ©ritĂ©s d’existence, alors que des post-kantiens comme Maimon l’approchaient par la distinction entre les conditions de l’expĂ©rience possible et celles de l’expĂ©rience rĂ©elle. La logique classique dĂ©finit la sphĂšre du possible par trois principes logiques – l’identitĂ©, la non-contradiction et le tiers-exclu – et la prĂ©sente Ă©tude examine les trois grandes trajectoires qui, dans cette histoire de la philosophie, ont tentĂ© d’utiliser l’un de ces trois principes classiques pour pĂ©nĂ©trer l’existence ellemĂȘme : 1) Leibniz cherchait Ă  Ă©tendre le principe de d’identitĂ© Ă l’existence entiĂšre ; 2) Hegel cherchait Ă  Ă©tendre le principe de non-contradiction Ă  la totalitĂ© de l’expĂ©rience ; et 3) le groupe des penseurs appelĂ©s de maniĂšre assez large « existentialistes » cherchait Ă  Ă©tendre le principe du tiers-exclu Ă  la totalitĂ© de l’existence. La conclusion examine les raisons pour lesquelles Deleuze a Ă©tĂ© fascinĂ© par chacune de ces tentatives philosophiques pour « penser l’existence », tout en pensant nĂ©anmoins qu’elles ont toutes Ă©chouĂ© ; et pourquoi aussi il a fini par dĂ©velopper sa propre rĂ©ponse au problĂšme en faisant appel Ă  un principe de diffĂ©rence.Logica e EsistenzaLe ‘Condizioni del reale’ in DeleuzePer Deleuze, uno dei problemi fondamentali per una teoria del pensiero Ăš: come puĂČ il pensiero abbandonare la sfera del possibile per pensare il reale, ossia, pensare l’esistenza stessa? La posizione del reale sembra essere fuori dal concetto. Prekantiani come Leibniz affrontano questo problema in termini di distinzione fra veritĂ  dell’essenza e veritĂ  dell’esistenza, mentre post-kantiani come Maimon affrontano il problema in termini di distinzione fra condizioni dell’esperienza possibile e condizioni dell’esperienza reale. La logica classica ha definito la sfera del possibile secondo tre principi logici – identitĂ , non-contraddizione, terzo escluso – e questo saggio analizza tre grandi ‘parabole’ della storia della filosofia che hanno tentato di usare uno di questi tre principi della logica per penetrare l’esistenza stessa: Leibniz hanno tentato di estendere il principio di identitĂ  a tutta l’esistenza; Hegel hanno tentato di estendere il principio di non-contraddizione a tutta l’esistenza; il gruppo di pensatori chiamati “esistenzialisti” ha tentato di estendere il principio del terzo escluso all’esistenza. La conclusione analizza sia le ragioni per le quali Deleuze era affascinato da ciascuno di questi tentativi filosofici di “pensare l’esistenza” nonostante fosse convinto che essi avessero fallito, sia i motivi per cui egli in conclusione traccia la propria risposta al problema facendo appello al principio della differenz

    There Goes the Neighborhood: The Effect of Single-Family Mortgage Foreclosures on Property Values

    Get PDF
    This report shows that foreclosures have a significant negative effect on neighborhood property values. Although foreclosures have long been considered a problem associated with FHA loan programs, recent research has shown that the explosion in foreclosures that began in the 1990s was primarily driven by the growth of high-risk, conventional subprime lending
    • 

    corecore