752 research outputs found

    Material Budget Calculation of the new Inner Tracking System, ALICE

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    The ALICE Collaboration aims at studying the physics of strongly interacting matter by building up a dedicated heavy-ion detector. The Inner Tracking System (ITS) is located in the heart of the ALICE Detector surrounding the interaction point. Now, ALICE has a plan to upgrade the inner tracking system for rare probes at low transverse momentum. The new ITS composes of seven layers of silicon pixel sensor on the supporting structure. One goal of the new design is to reduce the material budget (X/X0X/X_0) per layer to 0.3%\% for inner layers and 0.8%\% for middle and outer layers. In this work, we perform the calculations based on detailed geometry descriptions of different supporting structures for inner and outer barrel using ALIROOT. Our results show that it is possible to reduce the material budget of the inner and outer barrel to the value that we have expected. The manufacturing of such prototypes are also possible.Comment: 13 pages, 9 figures, regular pape

    Radiation damage of silicon strip detectors in the NA50 experiment

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    Abstract During operation of the multiplicity detector in the NA50 experiment the single sided AC-coupled p-on-n silicon strip detectors were exposed to charged particle fluences up to 10 14 eq n/cm 2 and ionising doses up to 20 Mrad, with a very non-uniform radiation spatial distribution. Radiation effects in the detectors observed during the '96 lead ion run as well as results of the post-run measurements are presented in this paper

    Analysis of radiation effects on silicon strip detectors in the NA50 experiment

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    Abstract During the operation of the Multiplicity Detector in the NA50 experiment the single sided AC-coupled p-on-n silicon strip detectors were exposed to charged particle fluences resulting in an equivalent 1 MeV neutron fluence up to 10 14 eq. n/cm 2 and a total ionising dose up to 20 Mrad, with a very non-uniform radiation spatial distribution. In this paper detailed analysis of radiation effects observed on the detectors during the 1996 lead ion run as well as results of measurements performed after the run are presented

    The silicon multiplicity detector for the NA50 experiment at CERN

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    The design, operation and performance of the silicon strip Multiplicity Detector for the heavy-ion experiment NA50 at CERN are presented. The main features of the detector are high speed (50 MHz sampling frequency), high granularity (more than 13,000 strips), and good radiation resistance. The detector provided a measurement ofevent centrality in Pb‚ÄďPb collisions, as well as target identification and the measurement ofcharged particle pseudorapidity distributions as a function of centrality. r 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. PACS: 29.4

    The silicon Multiplicity Detector for the NA50 experiment

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    Abstract The operation and performance of the silicon strip Multiplicity Detector in the heavy-ion experiment NA50 at CERN are presented together with a selection of physics results. The main features of the detector are high speed (50 MHz sampling frequency), high granularity (more than 13,000 strips), and good radiation resistance. The detector provided a measurement of event centrality in Pb‚ÄďPb collisions, as well as target identification and the measurement of charged particle pseudorapidity distributions as a function of centrality

    Design and operation of a fast high-granularity silicon detector system in a high-radiation environment

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    Abstract We have designed, realized and operated a fast silicon detector system (50 MHz sampling frequency) to measure the angular distribution and the multiplicity of charged secondaries produced in high-energy Pb‚ÄďPb interactions, within the NA50 experiment. We present here the detector design, discuss some of the problems faced during the commissioning and report on the first results on the operation of the full system. In particular, the questions related to the operation of an integrated high-speed binary readout in a high-radiation environment (1014 particles/cm2 and about 10 Mrads) and to the radiation effects on the system during the run will be addressed

    K0S and őõ production in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN‚ąí‚ąí‚ąí‚ąí‚ąö=2.76‚ÄČ‚ÄČTeV

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    The ALICE measurement of K0S and őõ production at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN‚ąí‚ąí‚ąí‚ąö=2.76‚ÄČ‚ÄČTeV is presented. The transverse momentum (pT) spectra are shown for several collision centrality intervals and in the pT range from 0.4‚ÄČ‚ÄČGeV/c (0.6‚ÄČ‚ÄČGeV/c for őõ) to 12‚ÄČ‚ÄČGeV/c. The pT dependence of the őõ/K0S ratios exhibits maxima in the vicinity of 3‚ÄČ‚ÄČGeV/c, and the positions of the maxima shift towards higher pT with increasing collision centrality. The magnitude of these maxima increases by almost a factor of three between most peripheral and most central Pb-Pb collisions. This baryon excess at intermediate pT is not observed in pp interactions at s‚ąö=0.9‚ÄČ‚ÄČTeV and at s‚ąö=7‚ÄČ‚ÄČTeV. Qualitatively, the baryon enhancement in heavy-ion collisions is expected from radial flow. However, the measured pT spectra above 2‚ÄČ‚ÄČGeV/c progressively decouple from hydrodynamical-model calculations. For higher values of pT, models that incorporate the influence of the medium on the fragmentation and hadronization processes describe qualitatively the pT dependence of the őõ/K0S ratio

    Long-range angular correlations on the near and away side in p–Pb collisions at

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    Azimuthal anisotropy of charged jet production in root s(NN)=2.76 TeV Pb-Pb collisions

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    We present measurements of the azimuthal dependence of charged jet production in central and semi-central root s(NN) = 2.76 TeV Pb-Pb collisions with respect to the second harmonic event plane, quantified as nu(ch)(2) (jet). Jet finding is performed employing the anti-k(T) algorithm with a resolution parameter R = 0.2 using charged tracks from the ALICE tracking system. The contribution of the azimuthal anisotropy of the underlying event is taken into account event-by-event. The remaining (statistical) region-to-region fluctuations are removed on an ensemble basis by unfolding the jet spectra for different event plane orientations independently. Significant non-zero nu(ch)(2) (jet) is observed in semi-central collisions (30-50% centrality) for 20 <p(T)(ch) (jet) <90 GeV/c. The azimuthal dependence of the charged jet production is similar to the dependence observed for jets comprising both charged and neutral fragments, and compatible with measurements of the nu(2) of single charged particles at high p(T). Good agreement between the data and predictions from JEWEL, an event generator simulating parton shower evolution in the presence of a dense QCD medium, is found in semi-central collisions. (C) 2015 CERN for the benefit of the ALICE Collaboration. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).Peer reviewe

    Production of He-4 and (4) in Pb-Pb collisions at root(NN)-N-S=2.76 TeV at the LHC