43 research outputs found

    Judaica Americana: A Bibliography of Publications to 1900

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    Judaica Americana: A Bibliography of Publications to 1900, with an estimated total of 9,500 entries, chronicles the decades prior to the twentieth century, a formative era for Jewish institutional development at a time when the Jewish community grew from 1,350 persons in 1790 to 1,050,000 in 1900. Taken as a whole, the bibliogra­phy provides extensive documentation of American Jewish communal activity. Equally important for the study of Jewish-Christian relations, hundreds of titles, many of them prophetic and proto-Zionist in nature, are included as relevant primary sources for assessing Christian attitudes on the development, history and testimony of the Jew­ish religion and the Jewish nation from early times to the close of the nineteenth century. Adventism and millenarian speculation, so pervasive in nineteenth-century America, are well documented in these pages; the same is true of conversionist activity. Creative writing (novels, short stories, dramas, poets) with Jewish themes or charac­ters forms yet another subject emphasis and one that will prove to be exceedingly valuable for any extended study of stereotypes and the negative portrayal of the Jew in literature. For the purposes of this bibliography, annual gift books are approached as monographs. This edition is divided into three sections. The first section contains the chronological file of 1890 to 1900. A second section, “Union List of Nineteenth-Century Jewish Serials Published in the United States,” lists all known Jewish newspapers, serials, yearbooks, and annual reports in the United States with an inception date prior to 1901, re­gardless of language, and even if issues of these serials no longer exist, or if the serials were merely projected for publication by their would-be sponsors. Included in this section are relevant periodicals with a conversionist or antisemitic focus. A third section, a supplement, adds to the first edition of Judaica Americana, expanding the project with additional materials identified by Singerman in the years since the first publication. Judaica Americana has been enlarged by more than 3,000 entries drawn from a broad range of genres, including creative writing, the Wandering Jew theme, foreign literature in translation, stereotype-laden dime novels, foreign travel accounts, city and county histories, American memoirs and biographies, phrenology and racial “science,” urban sociology, children’s literature and school readers, humor books, music scores and songsters, missionary accounts, also prophetic millenarian texts of which there is no shortage. Additional success with identifying Jewish-interest material embedded in sermon collections, federal documents, almanacs, and annual gift books has been made; other researchers are invited to continue probing in these potentially-rich target areas. Areas for further investigation include broadsides, Jewish social clubs, fraternal orders, and benevolent societies, playbills and event programs, penny songs and song collections, state, county, and city documents, also Masonic lodge histories and biography

    Harold Mason Judaica Reference Book Award, 1987

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    AJL Judaica Reference Book Award

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    American Research Collections in Jewish Studies, 1964-1989

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    International Paediatric Mitochondrial Disease Scale

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    OBJECTIVE : There is an urgent need for reliable and universally applicable outcome measures for children with mitochondrial diseases. In this study, we aimed to adapt the currently available Newcastle Paediatric Mitochondrial Disease Scale (NPMDS) to the International Paediatric Mitochondrial Disease Scale (IPMDS) during a Delphi-based process with input from international collaborators, patients and caretakers, as well as a pilot reliability study in eight patients. Subsequently, we aimed to test the feasibility, construct validity and reliability of the IPMDS in a multicentre study. METHODS : A clinically, biochemically and genetically heterogeneous group of 17 patients (age 1.6–16 years) from five different expert centres from four different continents were evaluated in this study. RESULTS : The feasibility of the IPMDS was good, as indicated by a low number of missing items (4 %) and the positive evaluation of patients, parents and users. Principal component analysis of our small sample identified three factors, which explained 57.9 % of the variance. Good construct validity was found using hypothesis testing. The overall interrater reliability was good [median intraclass correlation coefficient for agreement between raters (ICCagreement) 0.85; range 0.23–0.99). CONCLUSION : In conclusion, we suggest using the IPMDS for assessing natural history in children with mitochondrial diseases. These data should be used to further explore construct validity of the IPMDS and to set age limits. In parallel, responsiveness and the minimal clinically important difference should be studied to facilitate sample size calculations in future clinical trials.The work of SK and JS was sponsored by ZonMW (The Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development).http://link.springer.com/journal/10545am2017Paediatrics and Child Healt

    American library book catalogues, 1801-1875 : a national bibliography

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    Geometric structures on toroidal maps and elliptic curves

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    From the work [JONES,~G.~A.---SINGERMAN,~D.: {\it Theory of maps on orientable surfaces\/}, Proc. London Math. Soc.~(3) {\bf 37} (1978), 273--307] or [GROTHENDIECK,~A.: {\it Esquisse d'un programme\/}. In: Geometric Galois Actions~1 (L.~Schneps, P.~Lochakeds, eds.). London Math. Soc. Lecture Note Ser.~242, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997] there is associated with every map on a surface, a geometric structure on the surface, which is either spherical, Euclidean, or hyperbolic. A surface of genus~1 necessarily has a hyperbolic structure, but the torus can have either a Euclidean or hyperbolic structure. We study the genus~1 maps which have a Euclidean structure, both from the viewpoint of graph embeddings and of elliptic curves. We also find an embedding of the complete graph K_6 which necessarily has a hyperbolic structure and where the edges are hyperbolic geodesics
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