15 research outputs found

    A ranking of the value of patents granted by legal protection

    Get PDF
    This paper aims at ranking the value of legal patent protection among countries, using the real options approach. In particular, we manage to overcome the problem of the lack of data for those countries that do not collect patent renewal data. The econometric technique we propose is well grounded in economic theory, specifically in the real options literature. Following this estimation strategy, we rank the value of legal patent protection for seventeen countries, closely reproducing other rankings based on surveys, for instance the PatVal survey by the EU Commission (2006), but relying on macro data publicly available and easy to access.Legal protection, intellectual property, real option, value of patent.

    Mediterranean diet impact on cardiovascular diseases: a narrative review

    Get PDF
    : Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for more than 17 million deaths per year worldwide. It has been estimated that the influence of lifestyle on CVD mortality amounts to 13.7% for smoking, 13.2% for poor diet, and 12% for inactive lifestyle. These results deeply impact both the healthy status of individuals and their skills in working. The impact of CVD on productivity loss accounts for the 24% in total costs for CVD management.Mediterranean diet (MedD) can positively impact on natural history of CVD. It is characterized by a relatively high consumption of inexpensive and genuine food such as cereals, vegetables, legumes, nuts, fish, fresh fruits, and olive oil as the principal source of fat, low meat consumption and low-to-moderate consumption of milk, dairy products, and wine.Its effects on cardiovascular health are related to the significant improvements in arterial stiffness. Peripheral artery disease, coronary artery disease, and chronic heart failure are all positively influenced by the MedD. Furthermore, MedD lowers the risk of sudden cardiac death due to arrhythmias.The present narrative review aims to analyze the effects of MedD on CVD

    How to protect better intellectual property

    No full text
    Different policies aimed at protecting intellectual property are not equally efficient. This paper provides support in favour of those policies affecting the unit value of damage produced by infringers, contrarily to those policies aimed at reducing the frequency of infringements. The finding has practical spillovers both in terms of policy and in terms of further research

    A ranking of the value of patents granted by legal protection

    No full text
    This paper aims at ranking the value of legal patent protection among countries, using the real options approach. In particular, we manage to overcome the problem of the lack of data for those countries that do not collect patent renewal data. The econometric technique we propose is well grounded in economic theory, specifically in the real options literature. Following this estimation strategy, we rank the value of legal patent protection for seventeen countries, closely reproducing other rankings based on surveys, for instance the PatVal survey by the EU Commission (2006), but relying on macro data publicly available and easy to access

    Valuing environmental patents legal protection when data is not available

    No full text
    This paper aims at estimating the value of legal patent protection of environment-related technologies, using the real options approach. In particular, we manage to overcome the problem of the lack of data for those countries that do not collect patent renewal data. Following this estimation strategy, we rank the value of legal patent protection for seventeen countries, closely reproducing other rankings based on surveys, for instance the PatVal survey by the EU Commission (2006), but relying on macro data publicly available and easy to access. The unit value of damage is found to be the most important determinant of the value of patents granted by legal protection.value of patents, legal protection, real options, abatement technology, environmental technologies.

    Material Deprivation: An Application to Italian Regions

    No full text
    Using a measure of material deprivation, the paper shows that the well-being of individuals living in the South of Italy is consistently lower than the well-being of those residing elsewhere in the country. The correspondence between income poverty and material deprivation is almost perfect. Regional social policies were not effective not only for the insufficient budget involved but also for the method of implementation followed, being mostly based on temporary measures. There is the urgent need of the introduction of a system that guarantees minimum levels of assistance to every citizen independent of its region of residence
    corecore