4,290 research outputs found

    Proton charge radius from electron scattering

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    The rms-radius RR of the proton charge distribution is a fundamental quantity needed for precision physics. This radius, traditionally determined from elastic electron-proton scattering via the slope of the Sachs form factor Ge(q2)G_e(q^2) extrapolated to momentum transfer q2q^2=0, shows a large scatter. We discuss the approaches used to analyze the e-p data, partly redo these analyses in order to identify the sources of the discrepancies, and explore alternative parameterizations. The problem lies in the model dependence of the parameterized G(q)G(q) needed for the extrapolation. This shape of G(q<qmin)G(q<q_{min}) is closely related to the shape of the charge density ρ(r)\rho (r) at large radii rr, a quantity which is ignored in most analyses. When using our {\em physics} knowledge about this large-rr density together with the information contained in the high-qq data, the model dependence of the extrapolation is reduced and different parameterizations of the pre-2010 data yield a consistent value for R=0.887±0.012fmR = 0.887 \pm 0.012fm. This value disagrees with the more precise value 0.8409±0.0004fm0.8409 \pm 0.0004 fm determined from the Lamb shift in muonic hydrogen.Comment: To be published in special issue of Atoms "High precision mesurements of fundamental constants

    Precise determination of low-Q nucleon electromagnetic form factors and their impact on parity-violating e-p elastic scattering

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    The extraction of the strangeness form factors from parity violating elastic electron-proton scattering is sensitive to the electromagnetic form factors at low Q^2. We provide parameterizations for the form factors and uncertainties, including the effects of two-photon exchange corrections to the extracted EM form factors. We study effect of the correlations between different form factors, in particular as they impact the parity violating asymmetry and the extraction of the strangeness form factors. We provide a prescription to extract the strangeness form factors from the asymmetry that provides an excellent approximation of the full two-photon correction. The corrected form factors are also appropriate as input for other low-Q analyses, although the effects of correlations and two-photon exchange corrections may be different.Comment: 9 pages, 4 figures, to be submitted to Phys. Rev.

    Coulomb distortion in high-Q^2 elastic e-p scattering

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    Recently, there has been a significant amount of activity to try and understand the discrepancy between Rosenbluth and polarization transfer measurements of the proton form factors. It has been suggested that the standard use of plane-wave Born approximation in extracting the form factors is insufficient, and that higher-order terms must also be included. Of the corrections missing in standard prescriptions, Coulomb distortion is the most well understood. In this paper, we examine the effect of Coulomb distortion on the extraction of the proton form factors.Comment: 3 pages, 5 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev.
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