4,679 research outputs found

    Lower bound for the Poisson bracket invariant on surfaces

    Full text link
    Recently, L. Buhovsky, A. Logunov and S. Tanny proved the (strong) Poisson bracket conjecture by Leonid Polterovich in dimension 2. In this note, instead of open cover constituted of displaceable sets in their work, considering open cover constituted of topological discs we give a sufficient and necessary condition that Poisson bracket invariants of these covers are positive.Comment: 10 page

    Quantization Noise Shaping for Information Maximizing ADCs

    Full text link
    ADCs sit at the interface of the analog and digital worlds and fundamentally determine what information is available in the digital domain for processing. This paper shows that a configurable ADC can be designed for signals with non constant information as a function of frequency such that within a fixed power budget the ADC maximizes the information in the converted signal by frequency shaping the quantization noise. Quantization noise shaping can be realized via loop filter design for a single channel delta sigma ADC and extended to common time and frequency interleaved multi channel structures. Results are presented for example wireline and wireless style channels.Comment: 4 pages, 6 figure

    Plasmon geometric phase and plasmon Hall shift

    Full text link
    The collective plasmonic modes of a metal comprise a pattern of charge density and tightly-bound electric fields that oscillate in lock-step to yield enhanced light-matter interaction. Here we show that metals with non-zero Hall conductivity host plasmons with a fine internal structure: they are characterized by a current density configuration that sharply departs from that of ordinary zero Hall conductivity metals. This non-trivial internal structure dramatically enriches the dynamics of plasmon propagation, enabling plasmon wavepackets to acquire geometric phases as they scatter. Strikingly, at boundaries these phases accumulate allowing plasmon waves that reflect off to experience a non-reciprocal parallel shift along the boundary displacing the incident and reflected plasmon trajectories. This plasmon Hall shift, tunable by Hall conductivity as well as plasmon wavelength, displays the chirality of the plasmon's current distribution and can be probed by near-field photonics techniques. Anomalous plasmon dynamics provide a real-space window into the inner structure of plasmon bands, as well as new means for directing plasmonic beams

    Large optical conductivity of Dirac semimetal Fermi arc surfaces states

    Full text link
    Fermi arc surface states, a hallmark of topological Dirac semimetals, can host carriers that exhibit unusual dynamics distinct from that of their parent bulk. Here we find that Fermi arc carriers in intrinsic Dirac semimetals possess a strong and anisotropic light matter interaction. This is characterized by a large Fermi arc optical conductivity when light is polarized transverse to the Fermi arc; when light is polarized along the Fermi arc, Fermi arc optical conductivity is significantly muted. The large surface spectral weight is locked to the wide separation between Dirac nodes and persists as a large Drude weight of Fermi arc carriers when the system is doped. As a result, large and anisotropic Fermi arc conductivity provides a novel means of optically interrogating the topological surfaces states of Dirac semimetals.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figure