39,584 research outputs found

    NΩN\Omega and ΔΩ\Delta\Omega dibaryons in SU(3) chiral quark model

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    The binding energy of the six quark system with strangeness s=-3 is investigated under the chiral SU(3) constituent quark model in the framework of RGMRGM. The calculations of the single NΩN\Omega channel with spin S=2 and the single ΔΩ\Delta\Omega channel with spin S=3 are performed. The results show that both systems could be dibaryons and the interaction induced by the chiral field plays a very important role on forming bound states in the systems considered. The phase shifts and scattering lengths in corresponding channels are also given.Comment: LaTex file with 5 figure

    Undulatory swimming in fluids with polymer networks

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    The motility behavior of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans in polymeric solutions of varying concentrations is systematically investigated in experiments using tracking and velocimetry methods. As the polymer concentration is increased, the solution undergoes a transition from the semi-dilute to the concentrated regime, where these rod-like polymers entangle, align, and form networks. Remarkably, we find an enhancement in the nematode's swimming speed of approximately 65% in concentrated solutions compared to semi-dilute solutions. Using velocimetry methods, we show that the undulatory swimming motion of the nematode induces an anisotropic mechanical response in the fluid. This anisotropy, which arises from the fluid micro-structure, is responsible for the observed increase in swimming speed.Comment: Published 1 November 2013 in Europhysics Letter

    Possible ΔΔ\Delta\Delta dibaryons in the quark cluster model

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    In the framework of RGM, the binding energy of one channel ΔΔ(3,0)\Delta\Delta_{(3,0)}(dd^*) and ΔΔ(0,3)\Delta\Delta_{(0,3)} are studied in the chiral SU(3) quark cluster model. It is shown that the binding energies of the systems are a few tens of MeV. The behavior of the chiral field is also investigated by comparing the results with those in the SU(2) and the extended SU(2) chiral quark models. It is found that the symmetry property of the ΔΔ\Delta\Delta system makes the contribution of the relative kinetic energy operator between two clusters attractive. This is very beneficial for forming the bound dibaryon. Meanwhile the chiral-quark field coupling also plays a very important role on binding. The S-wave phase shifts and the corresponding scattering lengths of the systems are also given.Comment: LeTex with 2 ps figure

    On Algorithmic Statistics for space-bounded algorithms

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    Algorithmic statistics studies explanations of observed data that are good in the algorithmic sense: an explanation should be simple i.e. should have small Kolmogorov complexity and capture all the algorithmically discoverable regularities in the data. However this idea can not be used in practice because Kolmogorov complexity is not computable. In this paper we develop algorithmic statistics using space-bounded Kolmogorov complexity. We prove an analogue of one of the main result of `classic' algorithmic statistics (about the connection between optimality and randomness deficiences). The main tool of our proof is the Nisan-Wigderson generator.Comment: accepted to CSR 2017 conferenc