1,248 research outputs found

    Spherical symmetry in a dark energy permeated space-time

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    The properties of a spherically symmetric static space-time permeated of dark energy are worked out. Dark energy is viewed as the strain energy of an elastically deformable four dimensional manifold. The metric is worked out in the vacuum region around a central spherical mass/defect in the linear approximation. We discuss analogies and differences with the analogue in the de Sitter space time and how these competing scenarios could be differentiated on an observational ground. The comparison with the tests at the solar system scale puts upper limits to the parameters of the theory, consistent with the values obtained applying the classical cosmological tests.Comment: 14 pages, 1 figure, in press on Classical and Quantum Gravit

    Cosmological constraints for the Cosmic Defect theory

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    The Cosmic Defect theory has been confronted with four observational constraints: primordial nuclear species abundances emerging from the big bang nucleosynthesis; large scale structure formation in the universe; cosmic microwave background acoustic scale; luminosity distances of type Ia supernovae. The test has been based on a statistical analysis of the a posteriori probabilities for three parameters of the theory. The result has been quite satisfactory and such that the performance of the theory is not distinguishable from the one of the Lambda-CDM theory. The use of the optimal values of the parameters for the calculation of the Hubble constant and the age of the universe confirms the compatibility of the Cosmic Defect approach with observations.Comment: 13 pages, 1 figure, in press on IJMP

    Measuring dark energy with the shear triplet statistics

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    The shear triplet statistics is a geometric method to measure cosmological parameters with observations in the weak gravitational lensing regime towards massive haloes. Here, this proposal is considered to probe the dark energy equation of state and its time derivative in view of future wide-field galaxy surveys. A survey with a median redshift of ∼0.7 and a total area of ∼10 000 deg2 would be pretty effective in determining the dark matter cosmological density and in putting useful constraints on the dark energy propertie

    Imprints of deviations from the gravitational inverse-square law on the power spectrum of mass fluctuations

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    Deviations from the gravitational inverse-square law would imprint scale-dependent features on the power spectrum of mass density fluctuations. We model such deviations as a Yukawa-like contribution to the gravitational potential and discuss the growth function in a mixed dark matter model with adiabatic initial conditions. Evolution of perturbations is considered in general non-flat cosmological models with a cosmological constant, and an analytical approximation for the growth function is provided. The coupling between baryons and cold dark matter across recombination is negligibly affected by modified gravity physics if the proper cutoff length of the long-range Yukawa-like force is > 10 h^{-1} Mpc. Enhancement of gravity affects the subsequent evolution, boosting large-scale power in a way that resembles the effect of a lower matter density. This phenomenon is almost perfectly degenerate in power-spectrum shape with the effect of a background of massive neutrinos. Back-reaction on density growth from a modified cosmic expansion rate should however also affect the normalization of the power spectrum, with a shape distortion similar to the case of a non-modified background.Comment: 8 pages, 7 figures; submitted to MNRA
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