4 research outputs found

    Effects of turbine cooling assumptions on performance and sizing of high-speed civil transport

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    The analytical study presented examines the effects of varying turbine cooling assumptions on the performance of a high speed civil transport propulsion system as well as the sizing sensitivity of this aircraft to these performance variations. The propulsion concept employed in this study was a two spool, variable cycle engine with a sea level thrust of 55,000 lbf. The aircraft used for this study was a 250 passenger vehicle with a cruise Mach number of 2.4 and 5000 nautical mile range. The differences in turbine cooling assumptions were represented by varying the amount of high pressure compressor bleed air used to cool the turbines. It was found that as this cooling amount increased, engine size and weight increased, but specific fuel consumption (SFC) decreased at takeoff and climb only. Because most time is spent at cruise, the SFC advantage of the higher bleed engines seen during subsonic flight was minimized and the lower bleed, lighter engines led to the lowest takeoff gross weight vehicles. Finally, the change in aircraft takeoff gross weight versus turbine cooling level is presented

    ARES I Upper Stage Subsystems Design and Development

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    From 2005 through early 2011, NASA conducted concept definition, design, and development of the Ares I launch vehicle. The Ares I was conceived to serve as a crew launch vehicle for beyond-low-Earth-orbit human space exploration missions as part of the Constellation Program Architecture. The vehicle was configured with a single shuttle-derived solid rocket booster first stage and a new liquid oxygen/liquid hydrogen upper stage, propelled by a single, newly developed J-2X engine. The Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle was to be mated to the forward end of the Ares I upper stage through an interface with fairings and a payload adapter. The vehicle design passed a Preliminary Design Review in August 2008, and was nearing the Critical Design Review when efforts were concluded as a result of the Constellation Program s cancellation. At NASA Glenn Research Center, four subsystems were developed for the Ares I upper stage. These were thrust vector control (TVC) for the J-2X, electrical power system (EPS), purge and hazardous gas (P&HG), and development flight instrumentation (DFI). The teams working each of these subsystems achieved 80 percent or greater design completion and extensive development testing. These efforts were extremely successful representing state-of-the-art technology and hardware advances necessary to achieve Ares I reliability, safety, availability, and performance requirements. This paper documents the designs, development test activity, and results

    A NASA Lewis comparative propulsion system assessment for the High-Speed Civil Transport

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    The topics covered include the following: High Speed Research (HSR) Propulsion System Studies; HRS System Study flowpath; design point aircraft sizing - no noise constraint; impact of noise constraint; noise impact on aircraft size; takeoff gross weight assessment; impact of High Speed Civil Transport (HSCT) high-altitude flyover noise; HSR NO(x) reduction status; current assessment of HSCT ozone depletion; influence of non-optimum cruise altitude on range; and influence of subsonic leg on range

    A Comparative Propulsion System Analysis for the High-Speed Civil Transport

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    Six of the candidate propulsion systems for the High-Speed Civil Transport are the turbojet, turbine bypass engine, mixed flow turbofan, variable cycle engine, Flade engine, and the inverting flow valve engine. A comparison of these propulsion systems by NASA's Glenn Research Center, paralleling studies within the aircraft industry, is presented. This report describes the Glenn Aeropropulsion Analysis Office's contribution to the High-Speed Research Program's 1993 and 1994 propulsion system selections. A parametric investigation of each propulsion cycle's primary design variables is analytically performed. Performance, weight, and geometric data are calculated for each engine. The resulting engines are then evaluated on two airframer-derived supersonic commercial aircraft for a 5000 nautical mile, Mach 2.4 cruise design mission. The effects of takeoff noise, cruise emissions, and cycle design rules are examined