1,569 research outputs found

    Measurement of the energy flow in a large eta range and forward jets at LHC at sqrt(s)=0.9 TeV, 2.36 TeV and 7 TeV

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    A measurement is presented for the energy flow of minimum bias events in the forward region (3.15 <|\eta |< 4.9, where \eta is the pseudorapidity) of the CMS detector at the LHC for center-of-mass energies sqrt(s) = 0.9 TeV, 2.36 TeV and 7 TeV. The measurement is compared to Monte Carlo simulations, which use a model of multiparton interactions for the underlying event. In addition, production of forward jets was studied for the very first pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 0.9 TeV at LHC.Comment: Contribution to DIS 2010 proceedings, Firenze, Italy, April 19-23, 2010. 5 pages, 3 figure

    Electroweak Stability and Discovery Luminosities for New Physics

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    What is the luminosity needed for discovering new physics if the electroweak scale is to remain stable? In this work we study this question, with the example of a real singlet scalar which couples to the Higgs field already at the renormalizable level. Observing that the electroweak scale remains stable if the two scalars couple in a seesawic fashion, we show that the HL-LHC, expected to deliver an integrated luminosity around 3/ab, can discover scalars weighing up to 800 GeV. The FCC-hh, on the other hand, can discover scalars as heavy as 2.3 TeV at 100/ab luminosity. It thus follows that the new physics that does not destabilize the electroweak scale can be accessed only at high luminosities, and is not possible exclude by the current LHC results.Comment: 14 pages, 14 figures, 5 tables; journal versio

    Evaluation of individual and ensemble probabilistic forecasts of COVID-19 mortality in the United States

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    Short-term probabilistic forecasts of the trajectory of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States have served as a visible and important communication channel between the scientific modeling community and both the general public and decision-makers. Forecasting models provide specific, quantitative, and evaluable predictions that inform short-term decisions such as healthcare staffing needs, school closures, and allocation of medical supplies. Starting in April 2020, the US COVID-19 Forecast Hub (https://covid19forecasthub.org/) collected, disseminated, and synthesized tens of millions of specific predictions from more than 90 different academic, industry, and independent research groups. A multimodel ensemble forecast that combined predictions from dozens of groups every week provided the most consistently accurate probabilistic forecasts of incident deaths due to COVID-19 at the state and national level from April 2020 through October 2021. The performance of 27 individual models that submitted complete forecasts of COVID-19 deaths consistently throughout this year showed high variability in forecast skill across time, geospatial units, and forecast horizons. Two-thirds of the models evaluated showed better accuracy than a naĂŻve baseline model. Forecast accuracy degraded as models made predictions further into the future, with probabilistic error at a 20-wk horizon three to five times larger than when predicting at a 1-wk horizon. This project underscores the role that collaboration and active coordination between governmental public-health agencies, academic modeling teams, and industry partners can play in developing modern modeling capabilities to support local, state, and federal response to outbreaks

    Juxtaposing BTE and ATE – on the role of the European insurance industry in funding civil litigation

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    One of the ways in which legal services are financed, and indeed shaped, is through private insurance arrangement. Two contrasting types of legal expenses insurance contracts (LEI) seem to dominate in Europe: before the event (BTE) and after the event (ATE) legal expenses insurance. Notwithstanding institutional differences between different legal systems, BTE and ATE insurance arrangements may be instrumental if government policy is geared towards strengthening a market-oriented system of financing access to justice for individuals and business. At the same time, emphasizing the role of a private industry as a keeper of the gates to justice raises issues of accountability and transparency, not readily reconcilable with demands of competition. Moreover, multiple actors (clients, lawyers, courts, insurers) are involved, causing behavioural dynamics which are not easily predicted or influenced. Against this background, this paper looks into BTE and ATE arrangements by analysing the particularities of BTE and ATE arrangements currently available in some European jurisdictions and by painting a picture of their respective markets and legal contexts. This allows for some reflection on the performance of BTE and ATE providers as both financiers and keepers. Two issues emerge from the analysis that are worthy of some further reflection. Firstly, there is the problematic long-term sustainability of some ATE products. Secondly, the challenges faced by policymakers that would like to nudge consumers into voluntarily taking out BTE LEI

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