107 research outputs found

    Karakterisasi 3d Substrat Bentik Perairan Karang Pulau Bonetambung Makassar

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    The objective of this study is to characterize benthic substrate of Bonetambung reef area using worldview 2 highresolution satellite imagery. About 14.273 depth spot were deploy to build bathimetric model of the study area. The correlation of pixel radiance value from satellite imagery and depth value from field measurement werebecame the basis to classify geomorphologic zone of shallow water area up to 7 meter depth. Between threeinterpolator tested, the natural neighbor interpolator has produced the best bathymetric model with root meansquare error 0.3 meter and benthic substrate coverage model with thematic accuracy 62%. These approach beable to recognize four substrate type in general, such as sand, seagrass, rubble and coral. Geomorphicsegmentation based on bathymetric profile and radiance value of worldview 2 imagery may also maps the reefflat, reef slope and lagoon area hence may support the benthic substrate modeling. This study showed us apotential technic to develop a modelling for juvenile fish transport at Bonetambung coral waters

    Karakteristik Daerah Potensial Penangkapan Ikan Cakalang Di Teluk Bone-Laut Flores Berdasarkan Data Satelit Suhu Permukaan Laut Dan Klorofil-A Pada Periode Januari-Juni 2014

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    Teluk Bone-Laut Flores merupakan salah satu daerah potensial penangkapan ikan cakalang terbaik di Indonesia timur. Perairan tersebut menjadi target utama operasi penangkapan bagi nelayan pole and line. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan karakteristik daerah potensial penangkapan ikan tersebut menggunakan data suhu permukaan laut (SPL) dan klorofil-a pada periode Januari-Juni 2014. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dengan mengumpulkan data hasil tangkapan dan posisi penangkapan setiap kali melakukan kegiatan penangkapan. Data SPL dan klorofil-a dari citra satelit Terra/MODIS kemudian diekstrak dari lokasi penangkapan ikan cakalang untuk mempelajari kondisi oseanografi yang sesuai dengan keberadaan ikan tersebut. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil tangkapan ikan cakalang tertinggi didapatkan pada bulan Mei yaitu sekitar 138 ekor/setting. Hasil tangkapan tersebut bersesuaian dengan kondisi SPL berkisar antara 29,75°C dan 30,25°C dan konsentrasi klorofil-aantara 0,125 dan 0,213 mg m-3. Kenyataan ini menunjukkan bahwa kedua faktor oseanografis tersebut menjadi indikator penting untuk memahami dinamika spasial pergerakan dan konsentrasi ikan cakalang di Teluk Bone terutama pada periode Januari-Juni

    E-learning User Interface Acceptance Based on Analysis of User's Style, USAbility and User Benefits

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    E-learning does not function properly if the system is not in accordance with user needs. This study aims to establish an evaluation model for e-learning user interface according to user acceptance. The model is designed based on three categories: user learning style, USAbility and user benefits. Results of measurements of the three categories will determine the level of user acceptance of the e-learning interface. The data were taken using a questionnaire which was distributed to 125 ELS students from various countries. Then processed using SEM and Lisrel v8.80. This paper presents experimental set up for the general research and some results for technology acceptance theories

    Supporting knowledge transfer in web-based managed IT support

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    Purpose &ndash; The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance and complexities of the knowledge transfer process in the provision of effective managed after-sales IT support, when the web is used for service delivery.Design/methodology/approach &ndash; The paper features an interpretive case study of a multinational Managed Service Provider (MSP) and a focus group of representatives from five comparable MSPs.Findings &ndash; The paper finds that MSPs that use web-based channels for the provision of after-sales IT support services need to address a range of important social and organisational issues in order to realise cost and efficiency-based benefits.Research limitations/implications &ndash; The paper provides a four stage processual model of knowledge transfer in the provision of web-based managed after-sales IT support services. The barriers and enablers of knowledge transfer at each stage are identified. The paper adopts a MSP perspective and suggests that further research from the customer perspective is required.Practical implications &ndash; The paper highlights some important social and organisational enablers and barriers, which will guide MSPs when providing managed after-sales IT support using webbased channels.Originality/value &ndash; The paper provides the first staged model of inter-organisational knowledge transfer in a complex multi-organisational and multi-channel web-based context.<br /

    Thermal properties, triglycerides and crystal morphology of bambangan (Mangifera pajang) kernel fat and palm stearin blends as cocoa butter alternatives

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    The aim of this study was to investigate the thermal properties of bambangan kernel fat (BKF) and palm stearin (PS) blends and their possibility as cocoa butter alternatives. The triglycerides, thermal behaviors, and crystal morphology of the BKF and PS blends were determined using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and polarized light microscope (PLM). All the blends had three main triglycerides; namely, 1,3-dipalmitoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol, 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-3-stearoyl-glycerol, and 1,3-distearoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol. The melting onset temperatures decreased for both non-stabilized (−8.81 to −16.80 °C) and stabilized fat blends (−14.04 to −22.16 °C), whereas the melting offset temperatures shifted toward high temperatures for both non-stabilized (35.94–50.21 °C) and stabilized fat blends (48.35–53.16 °C) with PS. The crystallization onset temperatures increased for both non-stabilized (14.66–23.78 °C) and stabilized fat blends (15.46–26.89 °C), whereas the offset temperatures decreased with the addition of PS for non-stabilized (−15.68 to −22.02 °C) and stabilized fat blends (−15.73 to −22.38 °C). The stabilized fat blends showed higher melting and crystallization peak temperatures than non-stabilized fat blends. In the study of crystal morphology, the fat blends showed small spherulites with the diameter of 10–100 μm

    A framework for designing cloud forensic‑enabled services (CFeS)

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    Cloud computing is used by consumers to access cloud services. Malicious actors exploit vulnerabilities of cloud services to attack consumers. The link between these two assumptions is the cloud service. Although cloud forensics assists in the direction of investigating and solving cloud-based cyber-crimes, in many cases the design and implementation of cloud services falls back. Software designers and engineers should focus their attention on the design and implementation of cloud services that can be investigated in a forensic sound manner. This paper presents a methodology that aims on assisting designers to design cloud forensic-enabled services. The methodology supports the design of cloud services by implementing a number of steps to make the services cloud forensic-enabled. It consists of a set of cloud forensic constraints, a modelling language expressed through a conceptual model and a process based on the concepts identified and presented in the model. The main advantage of the proposed methodology is the correlation of cloud services’ characteristics with the cloud investigation while providing software engineers the ability to design and implement cloud forensic-enabled services via the use of a set of predefined forensic related task

    Diminishing benefits of urban living for children and adolescents’ growth and development

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    Optimal growth and development in childhood and adolescence is crucial for lifelong health and well-being1–6. Here we used data from 2,325 population-based studies, with measurements of height and weight from 71 million participants, to report the height and body-mass index (BMI) of children and adolescents aged 5–19 years on the basis of rural and urban place of residence in 200 countries and territories from 1990 to 2020. In 1990, children and adolescents residing in cities were taller than their rural counterparts in all but a few high-income&nbsp;countries. By 2020, the urban height advantage became smaller in most countries, and in many high-income western countries it reversed into a small urban-based disadvantage. The exception was for boys in most countries in sub-Saharan Africa and in some countries in Oceania, south Asia and the region of central Asia, Middle East and north Africa. In these countries, successive cohorts of boys from rural places either did not gain height or possibly became shorter, and hence fell further behind their urban peers. The difference between the age-standardized mean BMI of children in urban and rural areas was &lt;1.1 kg m–2 in the vast majority of&nbsp;countries. Within this small range, BMI increased slightly more in cities than in rural areas, except in south Asia, sub-Saharan Africa and some countries in central and eastern Europe. Our results show that in much of the world, the growth and developmental advantages of living in cities have diminished in the twenty-first century, whereas in much of sub-Saharan Africa they have amplified
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