2,916 research outputs found

    Characterizing Boosted Dijet Resonances with Jet Energy Correlators

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    We show that Jet Energy Correlation variables can be used effectively to discover and distinguish a wide variety of boosted light dijet resonances at the LHC through sensitivity to their transverse momentum and color structures.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figure

    Field-induced length changes in the spin-liquid candidate κ\kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2_2Cu2_2(CN)3_3

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    Measurements of the coefficient of thermal expansion on the spin-liquid candidate κ\kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2_2Cu2_2(CN)3_3 have revealed distinct and strongly anisotropic lattice effects around 6 K - a possible spin-liquid instability. In order to study the effects of a magnetic field on the low-temperature spin-liquid state, dilatometric measurements have been conducted both as a function of temperature at \emph{B} = const. and as a function of field at \emph{T} = const. While the 6 K anomaly is found to be insensitive to magnetic fields \emph{B} \leq 10 T, the maximum field applied, surprisingly strong \emph{B}-induced effects are observed for magnetic fields applied along the in-plane \emph{b}-axis. Above a threshold field of 0.5 T < \emph{B}c_c \leq 1 T, a jump-like anomaly is observed in the \emph{b}-axis lattice parameter. This anomaly, which is located at 8.7 K at \emph{B} = 1 T, grows in size and shifts to lower temperatures with increasing the magnetic field. Although the anomaly bears resemblance to a first-order phase transition, the lack of hysteresis suggests otherwise.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figures, proceedings of ISCOM 2011, physica status solidi (c)(in press

    Massive spin-2 scattering amplitudes in extra-dimensional theories

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    In this paper we describe in detail the computation of the scattering amplitudes of massive spin-2 Kaluza-Klein excitations in a gravitational theory with a single compact extra dimension, whether flat or warped. These scattering amplitudes are characterized by intricate cancellations between different contributions: although individual contributions may grow as fast as O(s5){\cal O}(s^5), the full results grow only as O(s){\cal O}(s). We demonstrate that the cancellations persist for all incoming and outgoing particle helicities and examine how truncating the computation to only include a finite number of intermediate states impacts the accuracy of the results. We also carefully assess the range of validity of the low energy effective Kaluza-Klein theory. In particular, for the warped case we demonstrate directly how an emergent low energy scale controls the size of the scattering amplitude, as conjectured by the AdS/CFT correspondence

    Sum rules for massive spin-2 Kaluza-Klein elastic scattering amplitudes

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    It has recently been shown explicitly that the high-energy scattering amplitude of the longitudinal modes of massive spin-2 Kaluza Klein states in compactified 5-dimensional gravity, which would naively grow like O(s^5), grow only like O(s). Since the individual contributions to these amplitudes do grow like O(s^5), the required cancellations between these individual contributions result from intricate relationships between the masses of these states and their couplings. Here we report the explicit form of these sum-rule relationships which ensure the necessary cancellations for elastic scattering of spin-2 Kaluza Klein states in a Randall-Sundrum model. We consider an Anti-de-Sitter space of arbitrary curvature, including the special case of a toroidal compactification in which the curvature vanishes. The sum rules demonstrate that the cancellations at O(s^5) and O(s^4) are generic for a compact extra dimension, and arise from the Sturm-Liouville structure of the eigenmode system in the internal space. Separately, the sum rules at O(s^3) and O(s^2) illustrate the essential role of the radion mode of the extra-dimensional metric, which is the dynamical mode related to the size of the internal space

    Photoemission studies of the near Fermi level spectral weight shifts in FeSe1-xTex superconductor

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    Our valence band photoelectron spectroscopic studies show a temperature dependent spectral weight transfer near the Fermi level in the Fe-based superconductor FeSe1-xTex. Using theoretical band structure calculations we have shown that the weight transfer is due to the temperature induced changes in the Fe(Se,Te)4 tetrahedra. These structural changes lead to shifts in the electron occupancy from the xz/yz and x2-y2 orbitals to the 3z2-r2 orbitals indicating a temperature induced crossover from a metallic state to an Orbital Selective Mott (OSM) Phase. Our study presents the observation of a temperature induced crossover to a low temperature OSM phase in the family of Fe chalcogenides.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figure

    Low-temperature lattice effects in the spin-liquid candidate κ\kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2_2Cu2_2(CN)3_3

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    The quasi-two-dimensional organic charge-transfer salt κ\kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2_2Cu2_2(CN)3_3 is one of the prime candidates for a quantum spin-liquid due the strong spin frustration of its anisotropic triangular lattice in combination with its proximity to the Mott transition. Despite intensive investigations of the material's low-temperature properties, several important questions remain to be answered. Particularly puzzling are the 6\,K anomaly and the enigmatic effects observed in magnetic fields. Here we report on low-temperature measurements of lattice effects which were shown to be particularly strongly pronounced in this material (R. S. Manna \emph{et al.}, Phys. Rev. Lett. \textbf{104}, 016403 (2010)). A special focus of our study lies on sample-to-sample variations of these effects and their implications on the interpretation of experimental data. By investigating overall nine single crystals from two different batches, we can state that there are considerable differences in the size of the second-order phase transition anomaly around 6\,K, varying within a factor of 3. In addition, we find field-induced anomalies giving rise to pronounced features in the sample length for two out of these nine crystals for temperatures T<T < 9 K. We tentatively assign the latter effects to BB-induced magnetic clusters suspected to nucleate around crystal imperfections. These BB-induced effects are absent for the crystals where the 6\,K anomaly is most strongly pronounced. The large lattice effects observed at 6\,K are consistent with proposed pairing instabilities of fermionic excitations breaking the lattice symmetry. The strong sample-to-sample variation in the size of the phase transition anomaly suggests that the conversion of the fermions to bosons at the instability is only partial and to some extent influenced by not yet identified sample-specific parameters