36 research outputs found

    Effectiveness and safety of vedolizumab in a matched cohort of elderly and nonelderly patients with inflammatory bowel disease: the IG-IBD LIVE study

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    Background Vedolizumab registration trials were the first to include elderly patients with moderate-to-severe ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn's disease (CD), but few real-life data have been reported in this population. Aims We investigated the effectiveness and safety of vedolizumab in matched cohorts of elderly and nonelderly UC and CD patients. Methods The Long-term Italian Vedolizumab Effectiveness (LIVE) study is a retrospective-prospective study including UC and CD patients who started vedolizumab from April 2016 to June 2017. Elderly patients (>= 65 years) were matched clinically 1:2 to nonelderly patients (18-64 years); the 2 groups were followed until drug discontinuation or June 2019. Results The study included 198 elderly (108 UC, 90 CD) and 396 matched nonelderly patients (205 UC, 191 CD). Nonelderly UC patients had a significantly higher persistence on vedolizumab compared to elderly patients (67.6% vs. 51.4%, p = 0.02). No significant difference in effectiveness was observed between elderly and nonelderly CD patients (59.4% vs. 52.4%, p = 0.32). Age >= 65 years was associated with lower persistence in UC; for CD, previous exposure to anti-TNF-alpha agents, Charlson comorbidity index >2 and moderate-to-severe clinical activity at baseline were associated with lower persistence. There were recorded 130 adverse events, with comparable rates between the two groups. A Charlson comorbidity index >2 was associated with an increased risk of adverse events. Conclusion Vedolizumab can be considered a safe option in elderly IBD patients. Its effectiveness in elderly UC patients may be reduced, while no age-dependent effect on effectiveness was observed in CD

    Personalize, participate, predict, and prevent: 4Ps in inflammatory bowel disease

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    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is a complex, immune-mediated, disorder which leads to several gastrointestinal and systemic manifestations determining a poor quality of life, disability, and other negative health outcomes. Our knowledge of this condition has greatly improved over the last few decades, and a comprehensive management should take into account both biological (i.e., disease-related, patient-related) and non-biological (i.e., socioeconomic, cultural, environmental, behavioral) factors which contribute to the disease phenotype. From this point of view, the so called 4P medicine framework, including personalization, prediction, prevention, and participation could be useful for tailoring ad hoc interventions in IBD patients. In this review, we discuss the cutting-edge issues regarding personalization in special settings (i.e., pregnancy, oncology, infectious diseases), patient participation (i.e., how to communicate, disability, tackling stigma and resilience, quality of care), disease prediction (i.e., faecal markers, response to treatments), and prevention (i.e., dysplasia through endoscopy, infections through vaccinations, and post-surgical recurrence). Finally, we provide an outlook discussing the unmet needs for implementing this conceptual framework in clinical practice

    Use of antibiotics in the treatment of Crohn’s disease

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    Expert consensus paper on the use of Vedolizumab for the management of patients with moderate-to-severe Inflammatory Bowel Disease

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    Crohn's Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) are chronic, relapsing conditions resulting from uncontrolled inflammation of the intestinal mucosa. Both conditions are associated with significant disability and patients with CD face higher mortality rates compared to the general population. The increasing understanding of the immunological basis of the disease led to the introduction of biologic therapies targeting key pathways of the natural and adaptive immune response such as Tumor Necrosis Factor \u3b1 (TNF-\u3b1) inhibitors and, more recently, integrin-receptor antagonists. Treatment with TNF-\u3b1 inhibitors improved clinical and patient-reported outcomes for many patients who did not benefit from conventional therapy. However, a sizeable share of patients still face suboptimal outcomes due to primary or secondary therapy failure. With the introduction of VDZ, a biologic treatment targeting novel IBD-relevant biologic pathways, it is crucial to understand how to integrate such innovations into current clinical practice. To this end, a panel of 14 Italian experts in the management of IBD met for a roundtable discussion. Recommendations concerning the management of moderate-to-severe IBD based on experts' opinions and literature review are discussed in the present report

    Expert consensus paper on the use of Vedolizumab for the management of patients with moderate-to-severe Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

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    Crohn's Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) are chronic, relapsing conditions resulting from uncontrolled inflammation of the intestinal mucosa. Both conditions are associated with significant disability and patients with CD face higher mortality rates compared to the general population. The increasing understanding of the immunological basis of the disease led to the introduction of biologic therapies targeting key pathways of the natural and adaptive immune response such as Tumor Necrosis Factor \u3b1 (TNF-\u3b1) inhibitors and, more recently, integrin-receptor antagonists. Treatment with TNF-\u3b1 inhibitors improved clinical and patient-reported outcomes for many patients who did not benefit from conventional therapy. However, a sizeable share of patients still face suboptimal outcomes due to primary or secondary therapy failure. With the introduction of VDZ, a biologic treatment targeting novel IBD-relevant biologic pathways, it is crucial to understand how to integrate such innovations into current clinical practice. To this end, a panel of 14 Italian experts in the management of IBD met for a roundtable discussion. Recommendations concerning the management of moderate-to-severe IBD based on experts' opinions and literature review are discussed in the present report

    Sustained Clinical Efficacy and Mucosal Healing of Thiopurine Maintenance Treatment in Ulcerative Colitis: A Real-Life Study

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    Background and Aims. Thiopurines are commonly used for treating ulcerative colitis (UC), despite the fact that controlled evidence supporting their efficacy is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of thiopurines as maintenance therapy in a large cohort of UC patients. Methods. All UC patients receiving thiopurine monotherapy at three tertiary IBD centers from 1995 to 2015 were identified. The primary endpoint was steroid-free clinical remission. Secondary endpoints were mucosal healing (MH), defined as Mayo endoscopic subscore 0, long-term safety, and predictors of sustained clinical remission. Results. We identified 192 patients, contributing a total of 747 person-years of follow-up (median follow-up 36 months, range 1–210 months). Steroid dependency was the most common indication for thiopurine treatment (58%). Steroid-free remission occurred in 45.3% of patients; 36.3% stopped thiopurines because of treatment failure and 18.2% for adverse events or intolerance. The cumulative probability of maintaining steroid-free remission while on thiopurine treatment was 87%, 76%, 67.6%, and 53.4% at 12, 24, 36, and 60 months, respectively. MH occurred in 57.9% of patients after a median of 18 months (range 5–96). No independent predictors of sustained clinical remission could be identified. Conclusions. Thiopurines represent an effective and safe long-term maintenance therapy for UC patients

    Curcumin and fennel essential oil improve symptoms and quality of life in patients with irritable bowel syndrome

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    Background & Aims: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) patients still require effective treatment. The anti-inflammatory property of curcumin and the antispasmodic and carminative effect of fennel suggests that combination of these nutraceutical compounds would be useful in functional bowel disorders including IBS. We assessed the efficacy and tolerability of a combination of curcumin and fennel essential oil (CU-FEO) in IBS symptoms relief. Methods: 121 patients with mild-to-moderate symptoms of IBS defined by an Irritable Bowel Syndrome- symptom severity score (IBS-SSS) 100-300 and abdominal pain score 30-70 on a 100 mm Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), were randomly assigned to CU-FEO or placebo (2 capsules b.d. for 30 days). Primary endpoint was the mean decrease of IBS-SSS at the end of the treatment corrected for the mean baseline score (relative decrease). The impact of the treatment on quality of life was assessed through IBS-QoL questionnaire. Results: CU-FEO was safe, well-tolerated and induced symptom relief in patients with IBS; a significant decrease in the mean relative IBS-SSS was observed after 30 days of treatment (50.05 \ub1 28.85% vs 26.12 \ub1 30.62%, P<0.001). This result matched the reduction of abdominal pain and all the other symptoms of IBS-SSS. The percentage of symptom-free patients was significantly higher in the CU-FEO than in the placebo group (25.9% vs. 6.8%, P = 0.005). All domains of IBS-QoL improved consistently. Conclusion: CU-FEO significantly improved symptoms and quality of life in IBS patients over 30 days
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