14,406 research outputs found

    Interaction in the Bimodal Galaxy Cluster A3528

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    X-ray and radio continuum observations of the bimodal cluster A3528 in the Shapley Supercluster are presented. From a ROSAT PSPC pointed observation we find a marginal tendency of the intracluster gas to be hotter in the region between the two subclusters. This effect can be interpreted as the signature of interaction of the subclusters. We infer that the centres of the subclusters in A3528 will meet within a few 10^8 years. In continuum observations at 20cm and at 90cm with the Very Large Array we find four galaxies having radio emission. One of these galaxies shows a head-tail structure suggesting a motion of the galaxy through the intracluster medium. The radio tail shows an imbalance between the thermal pressure of the intra-cluster gas and the pressure of the relativistic electrons.Comment: 8 pages, postscript file including 7 figures, accepted for publication in M.N.R.A.

    Recent developments in effective field theory

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    We will give a short introduction to the one-nucleon sector of chiral perturbation theory and will address the issue of a consistent power counting and renormalization. We will discuss the infrared regularization and the extended on-mass-shell scheme. Both allow for the inclusion of further degrees of freedom beyond pions and nucleons and the application to higher-loop calculations. As applications we consider the chiral expansion of the nucleon mass to order O(q^6) and the inclusion of vector and axial-vector mesons in the calculation of nucleon form factors.Comment: 8 pages, 6 figures, invited talk given at International School of Nuclear Physics, 29th Course "Quarks in Hadrons and Nuclei", Erice, Sicily, 16 - 24 September 200

    Nucleon Form Factors of the Isovector Axial-Vector Current: Situation of Experiments and Theory

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    The theoretical and experimental status of the isovector axial-vector current form factors G_A(q^2) and G_P(q^2) of the nucleon is reviewed. We also describe a new calculation of these form factors in manifestly Lorentz-invariant chiral perturbation theory (ChPT) with the inclusion of axial-vector mesons as explicit degrees of freedom.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures. Talk given by M. R. Schindler at the International Workshop "From Parity Violation to Hadronic Structure and more...", Milos, Greece, May 16-20, 200

    Losing Weight: A KECK Spectroscopic Survey of the Massive Cluster of Galaxies RX J1347-1145

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    We present a sample of 47 spectroscopically confirmed members of RX J1347-1145, the most luminous X-ray cluster of galaxies discovered to date. With two exceptions, all the galaxies in this sample have red B-R colors and red spectral indices, with spectra similar to old local ellipticals. Using all 47 cluster members, we derive a mean redshift of 0.4509\pm 0.003, and a velocity dispersion of 910\pm130 km/sec, which corresponds to a virial mass of 4.4 x 10^{14} h^{-1} Solar masses with an harmonic radius of 380 h^{-1} kpc. The derived total dynamical mass is marginally consistent with that deduced from the cluster's X-ray emission based on the analysis of ROSAT/ASCA images (Schindler et al. 1997), but not consistent with the more recent X-ray analyses of Allen (2000), Ettori, Allen & Fabian (2001) and Allen, Schmidt & Fabian (2002). Furthermore, the dynamical mass is significantly smaller than that derived from weak lensing (Fischer & Tyson 1997) and from strong lensing (Sahu et al. 1998). We propose that these various discrepant mass estimates may be understood if RX J1347-1145 is the product of two clusters caught in the act of merging in a direction perpendicular to the line of sight, although there is no evidence from the galaxy redshift distribution supporting this hypothesis. Even with this hypothesis, a significant part of the extremely high X-ray luminosity must still arise from non-virialized, presumably shocked, gas. Finally, we report the serendipitous discovery of a lensed background galaxy at z=4.083 which will put strong constraints on the lensing mass determination once its counter-image is securely identified.Comment: Minor changes to conform to version accepted by Ap

    Infalling Faint [OII] Emitters in Abell 851. I. Spectroscopic Confirmation of Narrowband-Selected Objects

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    We report on a spectroscopic confirmation of narrowband-selected [OII] emitters in Abell 851 catalogued by Martin et al. (2000). The optical spectra obtained from the Keck I Low Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (LRIS) and Keck II Deep Imaging Multi-Object Spectrograph (DEIMOS) have confirmed [OII]3727 emission in narrowband-selected cluster [OII] candidates at a 85% success rate for faint (i <~ 25) blue (g-i < 1) galaxies. The rate for the successful detection of [OII] emission is a strong function of galaxy color, generally proving the efficacy of narrowband [OII] search supplemented with broadband colors in selecting faint cluster galaxies with recent star formation. Balmer decrement-derived reddening measurements show a high degree of reddening [E(B-V) >~ 0.5] in a significant fraction of this population. Even after correcting for dust extinction, the [OII]/Ha line flux ratio for the high-E(B-V) galaxies remains generally lower by a factor of ~2 than the mean [OII]/Ha ratios reported by the studies of nearby galaxies. The strength of [OII] equivalent width shows a negative trend with galaxy luminosity while the Ha equivalent width does not appear to depend as strongly on luminosity. This in part is due to the high amount of reddening observed in luminous galaxies. Furthermore, emission line ratio diagnostics show that AGN-like galaxies are abundant in the high luminosity end of the cluster [OII]-emitting sample, with only moderately strong [OII] equivalent widths, consistent with a scenario of galaxy evolution connecting AGNs and suppression of star-forming activity in massive galaxies.Comment: 11 pages (LaTeX emulateapj), 8 figures, to appear in ApJ. A version with high resolution figures available from the lead autho