114 research outputs found

    Federal Protection of Illegal Short-Term Rentals: How the Protecting Local Authority and Neighborhoods Act Will Hold Airbnb Liable, Enforcing Local Regulations

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    Section 230 has come under scrutiny from academics and politicians, leading to calls on lawmakers to limit, or even end, Section 230’s immunity for Internet corporations; however, less attention has been given to the effects of Section 230 on the legal landscape in local, off-line communities. Online providers of short-term rental (STR) services such as Airbnb have used Section 230’s protection to shift the burden of complying with local laws and lease agreements onto the users listing STRs. By wielding Section 230 as both a sword and shield in litigation over their listings that violate local laws and lease agreements, these providers leave landlords and local governments seemingly without recourse. The PLAN Act (the Bill for Protecting Local Authority and Neighborhoods Act), proposed in the House in the 117th Congress in 2021, would remedy this overlooked and unjust result of Section 230’s protection. This article seeks to demonstrate why the PLAN Act must be passed to prevent further unfair application of Section 230

    Seasonal variation in effects of herbivory on foliar nitrogen of a threatened conifer

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    Invasive herbivores can dramatically impact the nitrogen (N) economy of native hosts. In deciduous species, most N is stored in stem tissues, while in evergreen conifer species N is stored in needles, making them potentially more vulnerable to herbivory. In eastern forests of the USA, the long-lived, foundational conifer eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) is under the threat of extirpation by the invasive hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA: Adelges tsugae). We assessed the impact of HWA infestation on the patterns of seasonal foliar N availability in hemlock planted in a deciduous forest understory. Over the course of a year, we sampled needles and twigs and measured N, carbon (C), C:N ratio, and total protein concentrations. Tissue sampling events were timed to coincide with key life-history transitions for HWA to determine the association between HWA development and feeding with these foliar nutrients. In uninfested trees, needle and twig N concentrations fluctuated across seasons, indicating the potential importance of N storage and remobilization for the N economy of eastern hemlock. Although N levels in HWA-infested trees also cycled annually, the degree to which N concentrations fluctuated seasonally in tissues was significantly affected by HWA feeding. These fluctuations exceeded N levels observed in control trees and coincided with HWA feeding. HWA feeding generally increased N concentrations but did not affect protein levels, suggesting that changes in N do not occur via adelgid-induced protein breakdown. Herbivore-induced mobilization of N to feeding sites and its rapid depletion may be a significant contributor to eastern hemlock mortality in US forests

    The Lantern Vol. 76, No. 2, Spring 2009

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    • Coffee and Morning • Charlie Brown Testifies at the Trial of Westley Allan Dodd, Convicted Child Killer • In a Women\u27s Bathroom • The Naming • An Urban Nightmare • In the Yellow Kitchen • City Streets • Engineering • Walter Bixby Walks Through Hunsberger Woods • Sing a Happy Tune • Apology • Will You Wear a Helmet?! • Molly Can\u27t Answer the Phone • Marked Man • He\u27s Under a Lot of Pressure • Ne Me Quitte Pas • Last Night • All of Our Second Hand Books are Lightly Wornhttps://digitalcommons.ursinus.edu/lantern/1174/thumbnail.jp

    Multigram synthesis and in vivo efficacy studies of a novel multitarget anti-Alzheimer's compound

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    We describe the multigram synthesis and in vivo efficacy studies of a donepezil‒huprine hybrid that has been found to display a promising in vitro multitarget profile of interest for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Its synthesis features as the key step a novel multigram preparative chromatographic resolution of intermediate racemic huprine Y by chiral HPLC. Administration of this compound to transgenic CL4176 and CL2006 Caenorhabditis elegans strains expressing human Aβ42, here used as simplified animal models of AD, led to a significant protection from the toxicity induced by Aβ42. However, this protective effect was not accompanied, in CL2006 worms, by a reduction of amyloid deposits. Oral administration for 3 months to transgenic APPSL mice, a well-established animal model of AD, improved short-term memory, but did not alter brain levels of Aβ peptides nor cortical and hippocampal amyloid plaque load. Despite the clear protective and cognitive effects of AVCRI104P4, the lack of Aβ lowering effect in vivo might be related to its lower in vitro potency toward Aβ aggregation and formation as compared with its higher anticholinesterase activities. Further lead optimization in this series should thus focus on improving the anti-amyloid/anticholinesterase activity ratio

    The Lantern Vol. 76, No. 1, Fall 2008

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    • Cruel • A Night in Three Parts • The Moment I Said It • To Know • I Will Never Skipskipskip a Rock • The Ravine • Untitled • Skeleton • Midnight Letter • Where Children Come From • Orphan of War • Ciega / Mezquita • The Other Side • Those Dancing Days are Gone • Cycling • The 2nd of July • The Tantric Semantics of Studying Abroad • A Three-Part Study in Musical Relations • Amway Man • Hard Luck Investigator • Spring • Interview With Poet Eleanor Wilnerhttps://digitalcommons.ursinus.edu/lantern/1173/thumbnail.jp

    The Lantern Vol. 75, No. 2, Spring 2008

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    • In a French Courtyard at the Philadelphia Museum of Art • Picky Mangoes • And for My Un-Birthday I Drank Poets\u27 Tea and Got to See • Tree-Baby • Wrestling With Plants • I Smile • Walking Home • The Wall Between • Phalangese, or the Art of Speaking to Fingers • Early Spring • Karma Kids • A Bazaar Triptych • The Joys of Ritual Circumcision • [Of] Archetype[s] or I Don\u27t Like Your Poetry • Truth and Beauty Bombed • Chevalier Anachronistic • Kinds of Birds • Sparknotes Entry for The Changing Tide by Eric Relvas • Thirst • The Devil\u27s Dictionary • Portrait of an Artist Who Loves Icarus • Dinner at the Old House • The Meaning of a Dust-Busterhttps://digitalcommons.ursinus.edu/lantern/1172/thumbnail.jp

    Psychological Well-Being of Parents of Very Young Children With Type 1 Diabetes – Baseline Assessment

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    Background: Type 1 diabetes in young children is a heavy parental burden. As part of pilot phase of the KIDSAP01 study, we conducted a baseline assessment in parents to study the association between hypoglycemia fear, parental well-being and child behavior. Methods: All parents were invited to fill in baseline questionnaires: hypoglycemia fear survey (HFS), WHO-5, Epworth Sleepiness Scale and Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Results: 24 children (median age: 5-year, range 1-7 years, 63% male, mean diabetes duration: 3 ± 1.7 years) participated. 23/24 parents filled out the questionnaires. We found a higher score for the hypoglycemia fear behavior 33.9 ± 5.6 compared to hypoglycemia worry 34.6 ± 12.2. Median WHO-5 score was 16 (8 - 22) with poor well-being in two parents. Median daytime sleepiness score was high in five parents (>10). For six children a high total behavioral difficulty score (>16) was reported. Pro social behavior score was lower than normal in six children (<6). Parental well-being was negatively associated with HFS total (r = - 0.50, p <.05) and subscale scores (r = - 0.44, p <.05 for HFS-Worry and HFS-Behavior), child behavior (r = - 0.45, p = .05) and positively with child age and diabetes duration (r = 0.58, p <.01, r = 0.6, p <.01). HFS, parental well-being nor daytime sleepiness are associated with the HbA1c. Conclusion: Regular screening of parental well-being, hypoglycemia fear and child behavior should be part of routine care to target early intervention
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