5,868 research outputs found

    Studies on hepatic blood flow and the rate of Bromsulphalein clearance in dogs with portacaval transposition

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    Hepatic plasma and blood flows were determined in dogs with modified portacaval transposition. Mean hepatic blood flow was 43 ml. per kilogram per minute, approximately that expected in a normal dog. Similarly, the rate of Bromsulphalein clearance was in the range expected for normal dogs. © 1962

    Recent La Plata basin drought conditions observed by satellite gravimetry

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    The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) provides quantitative measures of terrestrial water storage (TWS) change. GRACE data show a significant decrease in TWS in the lower (southern) La Plata river basin of South America over the period 2002-2009, consistent with recognized drought conditions in the region. GRACE data reveal a detailed picture of temporal and spatial evolution of this severe drought event, which suggests that the drought began in lower La Plata in around austral spring 2008 and then spread to the entire La Plata basin and peaked in austral fall 2009. During the peak, GRACE data show an average TWS deficit of ~12 cm (equivalent water layer thickness) below the 7 year mean, in a broad region in lower La Plata. GRACE measurements are consistent with accumulated precipitation data from satellite remote sensing and with vegetation index changes derived from Terra satellite observations. The Global Land Data Assimilation System model captures the drought event but underestimates its intensity. Limited available groundwater-level data in southern La Plata show significant groundwater depletion, which is likely associated with the drought in this region. GRAC-observed TWS change and precipitation anomalies in the studied region appear to closely correlate with the ENSO climate index, with dry and wet seasons corresponding to La Ni\~na and El Ni\~no events, respectively

    A multiple catheter technique for studies or hepatic metabolism and blood flow in dogs with portacaval transposition

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    A technique is described for in vivo hepatic metabolic studies, employing a multiple catheterization technique in dogs with chronic portacaval transposition. The animals are studied in the unanesthetized state immediately after the insertion of catheters through peripheral cut-downs. The gradient of metabolites entering and leaving the liver can be measured concomitantly with hepatic plasma flow. Additional simultaneous gradients can be obtained across the splanchnic capillary bed, or the hindquarters. Drugs can be introduced into the circulation by a systemic route or by primary injection into the hepatic circulation. The advantages of this approach compared to other methods of evaluating moment to moment hepatic function are discussed. © 1962

    Numerical simulation of centrifugal pumps

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    The power computers increase and the specific calculation software development have made possible, nowadays, the numerical simulation of flow and energy transfer inside the turbomachinery. To teach Fluid Mechanics is not easy not only for the professors but also for the students because the theoretical part must be complemented with a technical part where students can see the phenomena. However, specially in hydraulic turbomachinery, we canĂ­t see the phenomena except if we have a specific material, for example a PIV. Even if we would have this material, the access to specific parts of turbomachinery is not possible due to its constructive layout. The use of numerical simulation tools allows us to obtain data in inaccessible positions for the experimentation, as well as the study of unusual or dangerous performances. With the numerical simulation, the pressure fluctuation at any point of the pump can be easily obtained. Other important results are the radial forces on the impeller, which have a significant variation with the working points. One of the advantages of this kind of modelling is the ease to carry out changes in the geometry, parametric studies and analysis of anomalous operation conditions

    Interrogating fragments using a protein thermal shift assay

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    Protein thermal shift is a relatively rapid and inexpensive technique for the identification of low molecular weight compound interactions with protein targets. An increase in the melting temperature of the target protein in the presence of a test ligand is indicative of a promising ligand-protein interaction. Due to its simplicity, protein thermal shift is an attractive method for screening libraries and validating hits in drug discovery programs. The methodology has been used successfully in high throughput screens of small molecule libraries, and its application has been extended to report on protein-drug-like-fragment interactions. Here, we review how protein thermal shift has been employed recently in fragment-based drug discovery (FBDD) efforts, and highlight its application to protein-protein interaction targets. Multiple validation of fragment hits by independent means is paramount to ensure efficient and economical progress in a FBDD campaign. We discuss the applicability of thermal shift assays in this light, and discuss more generally what one does when orthogonal approaches disagree

    Backbone and side chain H-1, N-15 and C-13 assignments for the oxidised and reduced forms of the oxidoreductase protein DsbA from Staphylococcus aureus

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    The function and dynamics of the thiol-disulfide oxidoreductase DsbA in the low-GC gram positive bacterium, Staphylococcus aureus, are yet to be elucidated. Here we report 13C, 15N and 1H assignments for the oxidised and reduced forms of SaDsbA as a prelude to further studies on the enzyme