24,393 research outputs found

    Thermodynamic Geometry of the Born-Infeld-anti-de Sitter black holes

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    Thermodynamic geometry is applied to the Born-Infeld-anti-de Sitter black hole (BIAdS) in the four dimensions, which is a nonlinear generalization of the Reissner-Norstr\"Aom-AdS black hole (RNAdS). We compute the Weinhold as well as the Ruppeiner scalar curvature and find that the singular points are not the same with the ones obtained using the heat capacity. Legendre-invariant metric proposed by Quevedo and the metric obtained by using the free energy as the thermodynamic potential are obtained and the corresponding scalar curvatures diverge at the Davies points.Comment: Latex,19 pages,14 figure

    Asymmetric dark matter and the Sun

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    Cold dark matter particles with an intrinsic matter-antimatter asymmetry do not annihilate after gravitational capture by the Sun and can affect its interior structure. The rate of capture is exponentially enhanced when such particles have self-interactions of the right order to explain structure formation on galactic scales. A `dark baryon' of mass 5 GeV is a natural candidate and has the required relic abundance if its asymmetry is similar to that of ordinary baryons. We show that such particles can solve the `solar composition problem'. The predicted small decrease in the low energy neutrino fluxes may be measurable by the Borexino and SNO+ experiments.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures (RevTex); Capture rate corrected to obey the geometrical bound; Changes in adopted cross-sections and particle physics motivation; Conclusions concerning helioseismology and solar neutrino fluxes unchange

    Quantum Phase Transition in Coupled Superconducting Quantum Dots Array with Charge Frustration

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    We present the quantum phase transition in two capacitively coupled arrays of superconducting quantum dots (SQD). We consider the presence of gate voltage in each superconducting island. We show explicitly that the co-tunneling process involves with two coupled SQD arrays, near the maximum charge frustration line is not sufficient to explain the correct quantum phases with physically consistent phase boundaries. We consider another extra co-tunneling process along each chain to explain the correct quantum phases with physically consistent phase boundaries. There is no evidence of supersolid phase in our study. We use Bethe-ansatz and Abelian bosonization method to solve the problemComment: pages 4 +, comments are welcom

    Quantum Logic Processor: A Mach Zehnder Interferometer based Approach

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    Quantum Logic Processors can be implemented with Mach Zehnder Interferometer(MZI) configurations for the Quantum logic operations and gates. In this paper, its implementation for both optical and electronic system has been presented. The correspondence between Jones matrices for photon polarizations and Pauli spin matrices for electrons gives a representation of all the unitary matrices for the quantum gate operations. A novel quantum computation system based on a Electronic Mach Zehnder Interferometer(MZI) has also been proposed. It uses the electron spin as the primary qubit. Rashba effect is used to create Unitary transforms on spin qubits. A mesoscopic Stern Gerlach apparatus can be used for both spin injection and detection. An intertwined nanowire design is used for the MZI. The system can implement all single and double qubit gates. It can easily be coupled to form an array. Thus the Quantum Logic Processor (QLP) can be built using the system as its prototype.Comment: 19 pages, 6 figures, 8 Table

    Geometric scaling in ultrahigh energy neutrinos and nonlinear perturbative QCD

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    The ultrahigh energy neutrino cross section is a crucial ingredient in the calculation of the event rate in high energy neutrino telescopes. Currently there are several approaches which predict different behaviors for its magnitude for ultrahigh energies. In this contribution is presented a summary of current predictions based on the non-linear QCD evolution equations, the so-called perturbative saturation physics. In particular, predictions are shown based on the parton saturation approaches and the consequences of geometric scaling property at high energies are discussed. The scaling property allows an analytical computation of the neutrino scattering on nucleon/nucleus at high energies, providing a theoretical parameterization.Comment: 6 pages, one figure. Presented at First Caribbean Symposium on Nuclear and Astroparticle Physics - STARS2011, La Habana, Cuba, 2011. arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:1011.2718 by different author