468 research outputs found

    W/Z properties (except mass) form ATLAS and CMS

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    The results on W and Z boson properties by both ATLAS and CMS (except mass) are presented in this document. The inclusive W and Z boson cross section production, the W charge asymmetry, the differential production as a function of the boson rapidity and transverse momentum, the W polarization and the sinus of the weak angle are shown in this document. The studies included are based on LHC collisions at ps = 7 TeV, recorded during 2010 and 2011.Comment: Presented at the 2011 Hadron Collider Physics symposium (HCP-2011), Paris, France, November 14-18 2011, 4 pages, 10 figure

    Fanadvertising y series de televisi贸n

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    En la actualidad resulta cada vez m谩s complicado establecer l铆mites entre la publicidad, el entretenimiento y la informaci贸n. Esta hibridaci贸n de g茅neros (Imbert, 2003) es la responsable de formatos a medio camino entre la ficci贸n y el entretenimiento, como el advertainment, o la informaci贸n y entretenimiento, como el infotainment. Se trata de propuestas h铆bridas que pretenden responder por un lado, a los intereses comerciales del negocio audiovisual, y por otro, a los gustos cambiantes de los consumidores. Este panorama se ha complicado con la entrada de internet y la web. 2.0 que han posibilitado tanto la creaci贸n de comunidades como la interacci贸n entre creadores y usuarios, entre marcas y consumidores. As铆, a medio camino entre el fen贸meno fandom y el del User Generated Content (UGC), surgen unas producciones narrativas generadas por el fandom de series de televisi贸n, que decide continuar la historia de la serie, creando nuevos textos narrativos vinculados al original. En este proceso de construcci贸n narrativa, el consumidor de la serie de televisi贸n se convierte, adem谩s, no solo en un productor de contenidos ficcionales, sino tambi茅n, y sobre todo, en un difusor del mensaje publicitario. El objetivo de este trabajo es realizar un estudio que permita catalogar las diferentes producciones discursivas del fandom de una serie de televisi贸n y analizar si pueden ser estudiadas desde el punto de vista de la comunicaci贸n comercial.At present it is increasingly complicated to set limits between advertising, entertainment and information. This hybridization of genres (Imbert, 2003) is responsible for brand new formats between fiction and entertainment, such as advertainment, or between information and entertainment, such as infotainment. These are hybrid proposals designed to respond the commercial interests of the audiovisual business, on the one hand, and the changing consumers tastes, on the other. This scenario is getting complicated by the penetration of internet and web 2.0 that have made possible both the establishment of communities as well as the interaction between creators and users, between brands and consumers. Thus, halfway between fandom and User Generated Content (UGC), there are narrative productions created by the TV series fandom, who decide to keep the plot generating new narratives linked to the original. In this process of narrative construction, the consumer of television series becomes not only a fictional content producer, but also and specially an advertisement diffuser. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the different discursive productions from the TV shows fandom, as well as to analyze if they could be studied from the commercial communication standpoint

    Fandom-generated content: An approach to the concept of `fanadvertising鈥

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    The most appropriate term to define the current communication environment seems to be 鈥渉ybridization鈥. Thus, halfway between fandom and User Generated Content, there are productions created by fandom. In this process of construction, the consumer becomes not only a fictional content producer, but also an advertisement diffuser. The purpose of this forum discussion is to examine the new concept of 鈥榝anadvertising鈥

    Implementation of a Surgery Congress for Medical Students to Learn Transversal Competences. A Case of Student-Led Teaching Activity

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    Background: A dynamic training approach close to clinical work and research is highly requested by health sciences students. The aim of this paper is to present the organizational model of a student-promoted and student-managed surgical congress that encourages the acquisition of transversal competencies among the students in charge of the organization of the Congress. Methods: A two-day surgical congress for medical students organized by themselves was held. Each day comprised two separate sections corresponding to different surgical specialties; sections included three types of activities: conferences, round tables with guest professors, and practical workshops. Once the Congress had finished, an online survey was carried out to evaluate 10 items scored from 1 to 4. To assess the acquisition of transversal competences among the students organizing the congress, three evaluations were carried out by the professor involved in the organization of the congress. Results: The congress had great acceptance among the students, filling 150 available places with an attendance rate of 100%. The survey showed a high assessment of the subjects (3.48/4), conferences (3.48/4) and workshops (3.27/4). Evaluation of the round tables was significantly lower (2/4). A total of 99% considered the congress to have been useful in its formation process and 100% would recommend it. The grade of transversal competences among the students organizing the congress showed a significant increase between the first and the third evaluation, being between 1.24 and 7.25 times higher. Conclusions: the student-led student surgical congress is a well-evaluated activity for medical students, and promotes, among its organizers, the acquisition of transversal competences.The congress organization was partially supported by the Vice-rectorate of the Biscay Campus, the Student Council of the Faculty of Medicine and Nursing and the Student Council of the University of the Basque Country for their support

    Metal Extraction and Recovery from Mobile Phone PCBs by a Combination of Bioleaching and Precipitation Processes

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    Bearing in mind the metal rich composition of printed circuit boards (PCBs), this material represents a secondary source of valuable metals and offers an entrepreneurial opportunity in the metal sales market. Based on the ability of microorganisms to regenerate and produce the chemical oxidants that are responsible for metal leaching, bioleaching has become an efficient and affordable alternative to conventional metal recycling technologies, although further research is still necessary before industrial implementation. This study focuses on the recovery of metals contained in mobile phone PCBs through a combined process. Two different PCB pre-treatments were evaluated: grinding the whole piece and removing the epoxy cover from the piece without grinding. The benefit of A. ferrooxidans activity on the metal solubilization rate was analyzed. Additional chemical leaching assays were also conducted for comparison purposes and the reagents ferric iron (Fe3+) and sulfuric acid (H2SO4) were selected for these experiments. The copper extraction results obtained in Fe3+ experiments with and without bacteria (A. ferrooxidans) were similar after 260 h of operation, indicating the need for alternative strategies to ensure a controlled and continuous metal biodissolution rate. The contribution of H2SO4 to the leaching processes for copper and nickel was almost negligible during the first 50 h, and more significant thereafter. The recovered metals were precipitated from a synthetic solution simulating a real ferric leaching by adding sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and sodium sulfide (Na2S). The combination of both precipitants allowed an effective removal of metals from the leachate.The authors wish to acknowledge the financial support received from the State Agency for Research (AEI) of the Spanish Government and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF, EU) [Project CTM2016-77212-P]. The University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU (Spain) [GIU18/118] is also acknowledged

    Creating a Green Chemistry Lab: Towards Sustainable Resource Management and Responsible Purchasing

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    The main goal of this project was to improve the efficiency and sustainability of the chemistry teaching laboratories of the Faculty of Engineering Vitoria-Gasteiz (University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU)). With this aim, three different actions were developed. The first two actions aspired to achieve and maintain order and maximize efficiency within the facilities. With this in mind, the first phase involved carrying out an inventory, classifying, and rearranging all the chemical products in the warehouse using a computer storage system. Secondly, 5S lean methodology was implemented in the laboratories. The final phase included the development of a protocol for a joint purchasing strategy of chemical reagents that fostered a more responsible and sustainable acquisition and management of the substances used in various departments of the UPV/EHU. This protocol plays a key role in the transition towards the Circular Economy and its importance lies in the fact that it could be extended to other departments and faculties with similar needs. This project was developed during last two academic years (2017/2019) in the frame of the Campus Bizia Lab Programme, an initiative created to address sustainability challenges within the University.This research was funded by the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) in the frame of Campus Bizia Lab Programme (CBL-17GALL and CBL-18GALL)

    Clinical consensus recommendations regarding non-invasive respiratory support in the adult patient with acute respiratory failure secondary to SARS-CoV-2 infection

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    La enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) es una infecci贸n del tracto respiratorio causada por un nuevo coronavirus emergente que se reconoci贸 por primera vez en Wuhan, China, en diciembre de 2019. Actualmente la Organizaci贸n Mundial de la Salud (OMS) ha definido la infecci贸n como pandemia y existe una situaci贸n de emergencia sanitaria y social para el manejo de esta nueva infecci贸n. Mientras que la mayor铆a de las personas con COVID-19 desarrollan solo una enfermedad leve o no complicada, aproximadamente el 14% desarrollan una enfermedad grave que requiere hospitalizaci贸n y ox铆geno, y el 5% pueden requerir ingreso en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. En casos severos, COVID-19 puede complicarse por el s铆ndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda (SDRA), sepsis y shock s茅ptico y fracaso multiorg谩nico. Este documento de consenso se ha preparado sobre directrices basadas en evidencia desarrolladas por un panel multidisciplinario de profesionales m茅dicos de cuatro sociedades cient铆ficas espa帽olas (Sociedad Espa帽ola de Medicina Intensiva y Unidades Coronarias [SEMICYUC], Sociedad Espa帽ola de Neumolog铆a y Cirug铆a Tor谩cica [SEPAR], Sociedad Espa帽ola de Urgencias y Emergencias [SEMES], Sociedad Espa帽ola de Anestesiolog铆a, Reanimaci贸n y Terap茅utica del Dolor [SEDAR]) con experiencia en el manejo cl铆nico de pacientes con COVID-19 y otras infecciones virales, incluido el SARS, as铆 como en sepsis y SDRA. El documento proporciona recomendaciones cl铆nicas para el soporte respiratorio no invasivo (ventilaci贸n no invasiva, oxigenoterapia de alto flujo con c谩nula nasal) en cualquier paciente con presentaci贸n sospechada o confirmada de COVID-19 con insuficiencia respiratoria aguda. Esta gu铆a de consenso debe servir como base para una atenci贸n optimizada y garantizar la mejor posibilidad de supervivencia, as铆 como permitir una comparaci贸n fiable de las futuras intervenciones terap茅uticas de investigaci贸n que formen parte de futuros estudios observacionales o de ensayos cl铆nicos.Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory tract infection caused by a newly emergent coronavirus, that was first recognized in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Currently, the World Health Organization (WHO) has defined the infection as a global pandemic and there is a health and social emergency for the management of this new infection. While most people with COVID-19 develop only mild or uncomplicated illness, approximately 14% develop severe disease that requires hospitalization and oxygen support, and 5% require admission to an intensive care unit. In severe cases, COVID-19 can be complicated by the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), sepsis and septic shock, and multiorgan failure. This consensus document has been prepared on evidence-informed guidelines developed by a multidisciplinary panel of health care providers from four Spanish scientific societies (Spanish Society of Intensive Care Medicine [SEMICYUC], Spanish Society of Pulmonologists [SEPAR], Spanish Society of Emergency [SEMES], Spanish Society of Anesthesiology, Reanimation, and Pain [SEDAR]) with experience in the clinical management of patients with COVID-19 and other viral infections, including SARS, as well as sepsis and ARDS. The document provides clinical recommendations for the noninvasive respiratory support (noninvasive ventilation, high flow oxygen therapy with nasal cannula) in any patient with suspected or confirmed presentation of COVID-19 with acute respiratory failure. This consensus guidance should serve as a foundation for optimized supportive care to ensure the best possible chance for survival and to allow for reliable comparison of investigational therapeutic interventions as part of randomized controlled trials

    Juxtaposing BTE and ATE 鈥 on the role of the European insurance industry in funding civil litigation

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    One of the ways in which legal services are financed, and indeed shaped, is through private insurance arrangement. Two contrasting types of legal expenses insurance contracts (LEI) seem to dominate in Europe: before the event (BTE) and after the event (ATE) legal expenses insurance. Notwithstanding institutional differences between different legal systems, BTE and ATE insurance arrangements may be instrumental if government policy is geared towards strengthening a market-oriented system of financing access to justice for individuals and business. At the same time, emphasizing the role of a private industry as a keeper of the gates to justice raises issues of accountability and transparency, not readily reconcilable with demands of competition. Moreover, multiple actors (clients, lawyers, courts, insurers) are involved, causing behavioural dynamics which are not easily predicted or influenced. Against this background, this paper looks into BTE and ATE arrangements by analysing the particularities of BTE and ATE arrangements currently available in some European jurisdictions and by painting a picture of their respective markets and legal contexts. This allows for some reflection on the performance of BTE and ATE providers as both financiers and keepers. Two issues emerge from the analysis that are worthy of some further reflection. Firstly, there is the problematic long-term sustainability of some ATE products. Secondly, the challenges faced by policymakers that would like to nudge consumers into voluntarily taking out BTE LEI

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