3,380 research outputs found

    Exotic Phenomena Searches at Hadron Colliders

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    This review presents a selection of the final results of searches for various exotic physics phenomena in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s)=7 and 8 TeV delivered by the LHC and collected with the ATLAS and CMS detectors in 2011 (5 fb-1) and in the first part of 2012 (4 fb-1). Searches for large extra dimensions, gravitons, microscopic black holes, long-lived particles, dark matter, and leptoquarks are presented in this report. No sign of new physics beyond the Standard Model has been observed so far. In the majority of the cases these searches set the most stringent limits to date on the aforementioned new physics phenomena.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figures, Proceedings of the PIC 2012, Strbske Pleso, Slovaki

    Prospects for Exotica Searches at ATLAS and CMS Experiments

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    This paper presents an overview of prospects for searches for exotic physics beyond the Standard Model with the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. The results presented here are based on Monte Carlo simulations of the ATLAS and CMS detectors, assuming 100~pb1^{-1} of collected integrated luminosity and proton-proton collisions at s=14\sqrt{s} = 14~TeV. A selection of benchmark analyses is discussed, including searches for new physics in the di-lepton, di-jet, and lepton-jet channel, and a description of techniques to identify the production of heavy long-lived charged particles. The impact on discovery potential of ATLAS and CMS of having collisions at an energy lower than the design of the machine is discussed

    High Voltage System for the CMS Electromagnetic Calorimeter

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    The CMS electromagnetic calorimeter (ECAL) is made of about 75000 lead tungstate crystals. The 61200 crystals of the barrel part are read by avalanche photodiodes (APD) with internal amplification of the signal. Since the gain strongly depends on the bias voltage, the APDs require a very stable power supply system. To preserve the high energy resolution of the calorimeter, a stability of the bias voltage of the order of 10^-4 is required over several months, a typical interval between absolute calibrations of the full read-out chain with physics events. This paper describes the High Voltage power supply system developed for CMS ECAL and its performances as measured in laboratory tests and during test-beam operations of several modules of the calorimeter

    Constraints on the χ_(c1) versus χ_(c2) polarizations in proton-proton collisions at √s = 8 TeV

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    The polarizations of promptly produced χ_(c1) and χ_(c2) mesons are studied using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC, in proton-proton collisions at √s=8  TeV. The χ_c states are reconstructed via their radiative decays χ_c → J/ψγ, with the photons being measured through conversions to e⁺e⁻, which allows the two states to be well resolved. The polarizations are measured in the helicity frame, through the analysis of the χ_(c2) to χ_(c1) yield ratio as a function of the polar or azimuthal angle of the positive muon emitted in the J/ψ → μ⁺μ⁻ decay, in three bins of J/ψ transverse momentum. While no differences are seen between the two states in terms of azimuthal decay angle distributions, they are observed to have significantly different polar anisotropies. The measurement favors a scenario where at least one of the two states is strongly polarized along the helicity quantization axis, in agreement with nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics predictions. This is the first measurement of significantly polarized quarkonia produced at high transverse momentum