5,989 research outputs found

    Modeling quasi-static magnetohydrodynamic turbulence with variable energy flux

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    In quasi-static MHD, experiments and numerical simulations reveal that the energy spectrum is steeper than Kolmogorov's k−5/3k^{-5/3} spectrum. To explain this observation, we construct turbulence models based on variable energy flux, which is caused by the Joule dissipation. In the first model, which is applicable to small interaction parameters, the energy spectrum is a power law, but with a spectral exponent steeper than -5/3. In the other limit of large interaction parameters, the second model predicts an exponential energy spectrum and flux. The model predictions are in good agreement with the numerical results.Comment: 16 pages, 5 figure

    Moser-Trudinger inequality on conformal discs

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    We show that the Moser-Trudinger inequality holds in a conformal disc if and only if the metric is bounded from above by the Hyperbolic metric. We also find a necessary and sufficient condition for the Moser-Trudinger inequality to hold in an unbounded subset of the two dimensional Euclidean space

    Mobile vector soliton in a spin-orbit coupled spin-11 condensate

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    We study the formation of bound states and three-component bright vector solitons in a quasi-one-dimensional spin-orbit-coupled hyperfine spin f=1f=1 Bose-Einstein condensate using numerical solution and variational approximation of a mean-field model. In the antiferromagnetic domain, the solutions are time-reversal symmetric, and the component densities have multi-peak structure. In the ferromagnetic domain, the solutions violate time-reversal symmetry, and the component densities have single-peak structure. The dynamics of the system is not Galelian invariant. From an analysis of Galelian invariance, we establish that the single-peak ferromagnetic vector solitons are true solitons and can move maintaining constant component densities, whereas the antiferromagnetic solitons cannot move with constant component densities

    Vector solitons in a spin-orbit coupled spin-22 Bose-Einstein condensate

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    Five-component minimum-energy bound states and mobile vector solitons of a spin-orbit-coupled quasi-one-dimensional hyperfine-spin-2 Bose-Einstein condensate are studied using the numerical solution and variational approximation of a mean-field model. Two distinct types of solutions with single-peak and multi-peak density distribution of the components are identified in different domains of interaction parameters. From an analysis of Galilean invariance and time-reversal symmetry of the Hamiltonian, we establish that vector solitons with multi-peak density distribution preserve time-reversal symmetry, but cannot propagate maintaining the shape of individual components. However, those with single-peak density distribution violate time-reversal symmetry of the Hamiltonian, but can propagate with a constant velocity maintaining the shape of individual components

    Phase separation in a spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensate

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    We study a spin-orbit (SO) coupled hyperfine spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in a quasi-one-dimensional trap. For a SO-coupled BEC in a one-dimensional box, we show that in the absence of the Rabi term, any non-zero value of SO coupling will result in a phase separation among the components for a ferromagnetic BEC, like 87^{87}Rb. On the other hand, SO coupling favors miscibility in a polar BEC, like 23^{23}Na. In the presence of a harmonic trap, which favors miscibility, a ferromagnetic BEC phase separates, provided the SO-coupling strength and number of atoms are greater than some critical value. The Rabi term favors miscibility irrespective of the nature of the spin interaction: ferromagnetic or polar

    Nonesophageal Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disorders: Clinical Care and Future Directions

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    Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders are a set of conditions with a wide range of clinical manifestations and treatment modalities. The disorders are suspected to result from an abnormal inflammatory response to allergen(s), and individuals may develop a relapsing or chronic disease, if the allergen is not eliminated. Mechanisms of disease pathogenesis, including the humoral immune response, need to be fully elucidated. A variety of therapies are used, though there is a lack of well-defined randomized, prospective studies. Other therapeutic options are needed as the current treatments have potential concerns; elimination diets may impair a child’s quality of life, and corticosteroids have adverse risks with long-term use. We review what is known about non-esophageal eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders, and discuss research investigations which need to be conducted to facilitate diagnosis and enhance treatment methods
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