2,024 research outputs found

    The use of a new automatic device for patients' assessment at Triage in Emergency Department

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    Objectives: To assess time saving in an Emergency Department arising out of the introduction of automatic devices (Carescapeâ„¢ V100) to measure vital signs compared to the manual devices. Methods: We performed a prospective, observational study of eligible patients referring to Sant'Andrea Hospital Emergency Department during the entire month of October 2009, randomly assigned into two groups. In the first group of 476 patients vital signs measurements were detected with manual devices, while in the second group of 477 patients with automatic device Carescapeâ„¢ V100. Results: Data indicated that the comparison of the total time between the two groups gave a significant difference (1993 vs 1518 min, p < 0.001). No differences were found with respect to age, sex and priority codes. Significant differences were also found when comparing the subgroups of the same acuity categories: white codes 4.33 vs 2.27 (min), p < 0.05; green codes 4.28 vs 3.37 (min), p < 0.001; yellow codes 3.92 vs 2.72 (min), p < 0.001. Conclusions: Our data demonstrated a statistical significance between the two groups with a difference of 475 minutes spent in Triage procedures including vital signs measurements. In conclusion time saved by vital signs automatic device could allow ED physicians to make a qualified approach with an earlier diagnosis and a more rapid and effective therapy, possibly improving patients' outcomes. ABSTRACT of data concerning vital signs quality assessment, because we did not compare the two methods in the same patient and we did not correlate Triage priority evaluation with patients' outcomes. In the future further studies should be specifically aimed to address this issue. In conclusion time saved by vital signs automatic device could allow ED physicians to make a qualified approach to patient with an earlier diagnosis and a more rapid and effective therapy, possibly improving patients' outcomes

    Containment of a genetically modified microorganism by an activated sludge system

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    Abstract The effectiveness of physical, chemical and biological barriers to the diffusion of genetically modified microorganisms (GMMs) to prevent their release into the environment is currently under scrutiny worldwide because of the associated potential ecological impacts. An industrial discharge of a non-sterilized fermentation broth containing GMM biomass into a conventional municipal wastewater treatment plant would deliver the GMMs into the activated sludge system process (ASSP). The present work aimed to model and evaluate the containment capability of a small ASSP (part of a 20,000 people equivalent municipal plant) in the event of receiving GMM biomass from a medium-small biotechnological plant dedicated to the production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (3000 t/year of biopolymer). An actual GMM (Pseudomonas putida KTOY06) was injected into a bench-scale ASSP (ASSPLab) in a quantity proportional to the relative dimensions of the plants mentioned. The experimental and model results indicated that the ASSP of the target municipal treatment plant would not be capable of holding back such a sudden input of GMM; 6 h after the discharge, 11–15 % of injected GMM cells were released through the clarified stream of the ASSPLab, with the rest being gradually released over time. Since the GMM employed did not exhibit any growth in the ASSPLab, its concentration in the clarified water stream would not represent a substantial risk of release into the environment if appropriate tertiary treatments were integrated. This study confirmed the necessity of a thorough risk assessment of biotechnological processes prior to their implementation

    Endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphisms and cardiovascular damage in hypertensive subjects: an Italian case-control study

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    <p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p>Nitric oxide (NO) synthesized by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) plays an important role in regulation of endothelial function and in the control of blood pressure. However, the results from some studies on the association between three clinically relevant eNOS gene polymorphisms (G894T, T786C and intron 4b/a) and essential hypertension are unclear. We designed a case-control study to evaluate the influence of eNOS polymorphisms on target organ damage in 127 hypertensives and 67 normotensives. Clinical evaluation, biochemical parameters, Urinary Albumin Excretion (UAE) and echocardiogram were performed to characterize target organ damage. eNOS polymorphism were recognized by PCR method.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>The distribution of eNOS genotypes was similar in hypertensives and normotensives but 4aa was present in the 2.5% of hypertensives and completely absent in normotensives. Subjects with 4bb, G894T, and T786C genotypes showed an increased prevalence of target organ damage. Moreover prevalence of G894T and introne 4 variants was significantly higher in hypertensives than in normotensives both with cardiovascular damage. Logistic regression analysis didn't show any association between eNOS polymorphisms, Body Mass Index (BMI), hypertension, gender and cardiovascular damage. Only the age (OR 1.11; IC 95% 1.06–1.18) was predictive of cardiovascular damage in our population.</p> <p>Conclusion</p> <p>Our results seem to indicate a lack of association with eNOS variants and cardiovascular damage onset.</p

    Recent results and developments on double-gap RPCs for CMS

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    Abstract A 3 mm wide-gap Resistive Plate Chamber, as proposed for CMS, has been tested in the H2 Cern beam line. Results on efficiency, rate capability, time resolution and cluster size are reported

    Resistive Plate Chambers in avalanche mode: a comparison between model predictions and experimental results

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    Abstract In this paper a model simulating the main aspects of avalanche growth and signal development in Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) is presented. The model has been used to compute the performances, in particular, charge distribution and efficiency of single- double- and multi-gap RPCs, and to compare them with the available experimental results. This model could be used to optimize the characteristics of this type of detector with a view to its use in the future large experiments at LHC: ATLAS and CMS

    The novel zoonotic COVID-19 pandemic: An expected global health concern

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    18 years ago, in 2002, the world was astonished by the appearance of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), supported by a zoonotic coronavirus, called SARS-CoV, from the Guangdong Province of southern China. After about 10 years, in 2012, another similar coronavirus triggered the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) in Saudi Arabia. Both caused severe pneumonia killing 774 and 858 people with 8700 cases of confirmed infection for the former, and 2494 for the latter, causing significant economic losses. 8 years later, despite the MERS outbreak remaining in certain parts of the world, at the end of 2019, a new zoonotic coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and responsible of coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), arose from Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. It spread rapidly and to date has killed 3,242 persons with more than 81,000 cases of infection in China and causing over 126,000 global cases and 5,414 deaths in 166 other countries around the world, especially Italy. SARS-CoV-2 would seem to have come from a bat, but the intermediate reservoir continues to be unknown. Nonetheless, as for SARS-CoV and MERS CoV, the Spillover effect linked to animal-human promiscuity, human activities including deforestation, illegal bush-trafficking and bushmeat, cannot be excluded. Recently, however, evidence of inter-human only transmission of SARS-CoV-2 has been accumulated and thus, the outbreak seems to be spreading by human-to-human transmission throughout a large part of the world. Herein we will provide with an update on the main features of COVID-19 and suggest possible solutions how to halt the expansion of this novel pandemic

    The RPC system for the CMS experiment at the LHC

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    The CMS detector at the LHC has a redundant muon system. Two independent muon systems are used in the L1 trigger. One of them is based on wire chambers, the other on RPC detectors. Properly combining the answers of the two systems results in a highly efficient L1 trigger with high flexibility from the point of view of rate control. Simulation results show, however, that the RPC system suffers from false triggers caused by coincidence of spurious hits. System improvements, which could avoid oiling the chambers, are possible. RPCs have also proved to be very useful for muon track reconstruction

    Neutron irradiation of RPCs for the CMS experiment

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    All the CMS muon stations will be equipped with Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs). They will be exposed to high neutron background environment during the LHC running. In order to verify the safe operation of these detectors, an irradiation test has been carried out with two RPCs at high neutron flux (about ), integrating values of dose and fluence equivalent to 10 LHC-years. Before and after the irradiation, the performance of the detectors was studied with cosmic muons, showing no relevant aging effects. Moreover, no indication of damage or chemical changes were observed on the electrode surfaces

    Experimental results on RPC neutron sensitivity

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    Abstract RPC neutron sensitivity has been studied during two tests done with different neutrons energies. In the first test, neutrons from spontaneous fission events of 252 Cf were used (average energy 2 MeV ); while in the second test neutrons were produced using a 50 MeV deuteron beam on a 1 cm thick beryllium target (average energy 20 MeV ). Preliminary results show that the neutron sensitivity in double gap mode is (0.52±0.03)×10−3 at about 2 MeV and (5.3±0.5)×10−3 at about 20 MeV
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