4,896 research outputs found

    Existence of compatible contact structures on G₂ -manifolds

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    In this paper, we show the existence of (co-oriented) contact structures on certain classes of G(2)-manifolds, and that these two structures are compatible in certain ways. Moreover, we prove that any seven-manifold with a spin structure (and so any manifold with G(2)-structure) admits an almost contact structure. We also construct explicit almost contact metric structures on manifolds with G(2)-structures

    Baryonic Resonance Studies with STAR

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    Yields and spectra of Σ(1385)\Sigma(1385) are measured in p+pp+p, d+Au and Au+Au collisions at sNN=200\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200 GeV . The nuclear modification factors in d+Au collisions are presented. The pTp_{T} dependent medium effects are investigated via the nuclear modification factors. The implications of these results on various models are discussed.Comment: Strange Quark Matter 2006 Conference Talk Proceeding

    Reconstructed Jets at RHIC

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    To precisely measure jets over a large background such as pile up in high luminosity p+p collisions at LHC, a new generation of jet reconstruction algorithms is developed. These algorithms are also applicable to reconstruct jets in the heavy ion environment where large event multiplicities are produced. Energy loss in the medium created in heavy ion collisions are already observed indirectly via inclusive hadron distributions and di-hadron correlations. Jets can be used to study this energy loss in detail with reduced biases. We review the latest results on jet-medium interactions as seen in A+A collisions at RHIC, focusing on the recent progress on jet reconstruction in heavy ion collisions.Comment: Proceedings for the 26th Winter Workshop on Nuclear Dynamic

    Hadronization Approach for a Quark-Gluon Plasma Formed in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions

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    A transport model is developed to describe hadron emission from a strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma formed in relativistic heavy ion collisions. The quark-gluon plasma is controlled by ideal hydrodynamics, and the hadron motion is characterized by a transport equation with loss and gain terms. The two sets of equations are coupled to each other, and the hadronization hypersurface is determined by both the hydrodynamic evolution and the hadron emission. The model is applied to calculate the transverse momentum distributions of mesons and baryons, and most of the results agree well with the experimental data at RHIC.Comment: 16 pages, 24 figures. Version accepted by PR

    Strange hadrons as dense matter probes

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    The spectra of strange hadrons have been measured in detail as a function of centrality for a variety of collision systems and energies at RHIC. Recent results are presented and compared to those measured at the SPS. The effects of the system size on strange particle production and kinematics are examined. I place specific emphasis on comparing A-A to pp production and discuss how strangeness can be used to probe the dense matter produced in heavy-ion collisions.Comment: Proceedings of the Strange Quark Matter Conference 200

    Resonance production in heavy ion collisions

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    Recent results of resonance production from RHIC at sNN=\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} = 200 GeV and SPS at sNN=\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} = 17 GeV are presented and discussed in terms of the evolution and freeze-out conditions of a hot and dense fireball medium. Yields and spectra are compared with thermal model predictions at chemical freeze-out. Deviations in the low transverse momentum region of the resonance spectrum of the hadronic decay channel, suggest a strongly interaction hadronic phase between chemical and kinetic freeze-out. Microscopic models including resonance rescattering and regeneration are able to describe the trend of the data. The magnitude of the regeneration cross sections for different inverse decay channels are discussed. Model calculations which include elastic hadronic interactions between chemical freeze-out and thermal freeze-out based on the K(892)/K and Λ\Lambda(1520)/Λ\Lambda ratios suggest a time between two freeze-outs surfaces of Δτ>\Delta \tau> 4 fm/c. The difference in momentum distributions and yields for the ϕ\phi(1020) resonance reconstructed from the leptonic and hadronic decay channels at SPS energy are discussed taking into account the impact of a hadronic phase and possible medium modifications.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figures, conference proceedings (SQM2004

    What do we learn from Resonance Production in Heavy Ion Collisions?

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    Resonances with their short life time and strong coupling to the dense and hot medium are suggested as a signature of the early stage of the fireball created in a heavy ion collision \cite{rap00,lut01,lut02}. The comparison of resonances with different lifetimes and quark contents may give information about time evolution and density and temperature of during the expanding of fireball medium. Resonances in elementary reactions have been measured since 1960. Resonance production in elementary collisions compared with heavy ion collisions where we expect to create a hot and dense medium may show the direct of influence of the medium on the resonances. This paper shows a selection of the recent resonance measurements from SPS and RHIC heavy ion colliders.Comment: 10 pages, 8 figures, HotQuarks 2004 conference proceeding

    Jet Reconstruction in Heavy Ion Collisions

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    We examine the problem of jet reconstruction at heavy-ion colliders using jet-area-based background subtraction tools as provided by FastJet. We use Monte Carlo simulations with and without quenching to study the performance of several jet algorithms, including the option of filtering, under conditions corresponding to RHIC and LHC collisions. We find that most standard algorithms perform well, though the anti-kt and filtered Cambridge/Aachen algorithms have clear advantages in terms of the reconstructed transverse-momentum offset and dispersion.Comment: 31 pages, 17 figure

    M-theory moduli spaces and torsion-free structures

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    Motivated by the description of N=1\mathcal{N}=1 M-theory compactifications to four-dimensions given by Exceptional Generalized Geometry, we propose a way to geometrize the M-theory fluxes by appropriately relating the compactification space to a higher-dimensional manifold equipped with a torsion-free structure. As a non-trivial example of this proposal, we construct a bijection from the set of Spin(7)Spin(7)-structures on an eight-dimensional S1S^{1}-bundle to the set of G2G_{2}-structures on the base space, fully characterizing the G2G_{2}-torsion clases when the total space is equipped with a torsion-free Spin(7)Spin(7)-structure. Finally, we elaborate on how the higher-dimensional manifold and its moduli space of torsion-free structures can be used to obtain information about the moduli space of M-theory compactifications.Comment: 24 pages. Typos fixed. Minor clarifications adde
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