1,649 research outputs found

    Perceptually Inspired Real-time Artistic Style Transfer for Video Stream

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    This study presents a real-time texture transfer method for artistic style transfer for video stream. We propose a parallel framework using a T-shaped kernel to enhance the computational performance. With regard to accelerated motion estimation, which is necessarily required for maintaining temporal coherence, we present a method using a downscaled motion field to successfully achieve high real-time performance for texture transfer of video stream. In addition, to enhance the artistic quality, we calculate the level of abstraction using visual saliency and integrate it with the texture transfer algorithm. Thus, our algorithm can stylize video with perceptual enhancements

    A variational model for infin ite perimeter segmentations based on lipschitz level set functions: Denoising while keeping finely oscillatory boundaries

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    We propose a new model for segmenting piecewise constant images with irregular object boundaries: a variant of the Chan-Vese model [T. F. Chan and L. A. Vese, IEEE Trans. Image Process., 10 (2000), pp. 266-277], where the length penalization of the boundaries is replaced by the area of their neighborhood of thickness e. Our aim is to keep fine details and irregularities of the boundaries while denoising additive Gaussian noise. For the numerical computation we revisit the classical BV level set formulation [S. Osher and J. A. Sethian, J. Comput. Phys., 79 (1988), pp. 12-49] considering suitable Lipschitz level set functions instead of BV ones

    Existence of Monetary Steady States in a Matching Model: Indivisible Money

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    Existence of a monetary steady state is established for a random matching model with divisible goods, indivisible money, and take-it-or-leave-it offers by consumers. There is no restriction on individual money holdings. The background environment is that in papers by Shi and by Trejos and Wright. The monetary steady state shown to exist has nice properties: the value function, defined on money holdings, is increasing and strictly concave, and the measure over money holdings has full support.

    Managing deadline miss ratio and sensor data freshness in real-time databases

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    Unstable massive tau-neutrinos and primordial nucleosynthesis

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    The impact of unstable Majorana tau neutrinos on primordial nucleosynthesis is considered. The mass and lifetime of nu_tau are taken in the intervals 0.1-20 MeV and 0.001-400 sec respectively. The studied decay modes are nu_tau -> nu_mu + phi and nu_tau -> nu_e + phi, where phi is a massless (or light) scalar. Integro-differential kinetic equations are solved numerically without any simplifying assumptions. Our results deviate rather strongly from earlier calculations. Depending on mass, lifetime, and decay channels of the nu_tau, the number of effective neutrino species (found from He4), in addition to the 3 standard ones, varies from -2 to +2.5. The abundances of H2 and Li7 are also calculated.Comment: 36 pages including 28 figures, minor change

    Association between flower stalk elongation, an Arabidopsis developmental trait, and the subcellular location and movement dynamics of the viral non-structural protein P3.

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    [EN] Virus infections affect plant developmental traits but this aspect of the interaction has not been extensively studied so far. Two strains ofTurnip mosaic virusdifferentially affectArabidopsisdevelopment, especially flower stalk elongation, which allowed phenotypical, cellular, and molecular characterization of the viral determinant, the P3 protein. Transiently expressed wild-type green fluorescent protein-tagged P3 proteins of both strains and selected mutants of them revealed important differences in their behaviour as endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated peripheral proteins flowing along the reticulum, forming punctate accumulations. Three-dimensional (3D) model structures of all expressed P3 proteins were computationally constructed through I-TASSER protein structure predictions, which were used to compute protein surfaces and map electrostatic potentials to characterize the effect of amino acid changes on features related to protein interactions and to phenotypical and subcellular results. The amino acid at position 279 was the main determinant affecting stalk development. It also determined the speed of ER-flow of the expressed proteins and their final location. A marked change in the protein surface electrostatic potential correlated with changes in subcellular location. One single amino acid in the P3 viral protein determines all the analysed differential characteristics between strains differentially affecting flower stalk development. A model proposing a role of the protein in the intracellular movement of the viral replication complex, in association with the viral 6K2 protein, is proposed. The type of association between both viral proteins could differ between the strains.This work was funded by several INIA grants. Silvia Lopez-Gonzalez was funded by a predoctoral FPI-INIA fellowship/contract. P.S. was the recipient of an EU fellowship from an EU-India bilateral agreement (BRAVE Program). We thank Professor John Walsh (Warwick University, UK) for his generous gift of virus isolates. The great technical assistance of Lucia Zurita is also acknowledged. We thank the Spanish Ministry of Science for the Severo Ochoa Excellence Accreditations to the CBGP (SEV-2016-0672).López-González, S.; Navarro Bohigues, JA.; Pacios, LF.; Sardaru, P.; Pallás Benet, V.; Sánchez, F.; Ponz, F. (2020). Association between flower stalk elongation, an Arabidopsis developmental trait, and the subcellular location and movement dynamics of the viral non-structural protein P3. Molecular Plant Pathology. 21(10):1271-1286. https://doi.org/10.1111/mpp.12976S12711286211

    Dynamic risk spillovers between gold, oil prices and conventional, sustainability and Islamic equity aggregates and sectors with portfolio implications

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    This paper investigates the time-varying equicorrelations and risk spillovers between crude oil, gold and the Dow Jones conventional, sustainability and Islamic stock index aggregates and 10 associated disaggregated Islamic sector stock indexes (basic materials, consumer services, consumer goods, energy, financials, health care, technology, industrials, telecommunications and utilities), using the multivariate DECO-FIAPARCH model and the spillover index of Diebold and Yilmaz (2012). We also conduct a risk management analysis at the sector level for commodity-Islamic stock sector index portfolios, using different risk exposure measures. For comparison purposes, we add the aggregate conventional Dow Jones global index and the Dow Jones sustainability world index. The results show evidence of time-varying risk spillovers between these markets. Moreover, there are increases in the correlations among the markets in the aftermath of the 2008–2009 GFC. Further, the oil, gold, energy, financial, technology and telecommunications sectors are net receivers of risk spillovers, while the sustainability and conventional aggregate DJIM indexes as well as the remaining Islamic stock sectors are net contributors of risk spillovers. Finally, we provide evidence that gold offers better portfolio diversification benefits and downside risk reductions than oil. © 2017 Elsevier B.V

    Time and Amplitude of Afterpulse Measured with a Large Size Photomultiplier Tube

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    We have studied the afterpulse of a hemispherical photomultiplier tube for an upcoming reactor neutrino experiment. The timing, the amplitude, and the rate of the afterpulse for a 10 inch photomultiplier tube were measured with a 400 MHz FADC up to 16 \ms time window after the initial signal generated by an LED light pulse. The time and amplitude correlation of the afterpulse shows several distinctive groups. We describe the dependencies of the afterpulse on the applied high voltage and the amplitude of the main light pulse. The present data could shed light upon the general mechanism of the afterpulse.Comment: 11 figure

    Dynamic characteristics of flow meters for fuel consumption measurement in ships

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    The dynamic characteristics of various flow meters for fuel consumption measurement aboard shipswere evaluated. The flow rate was measured using the Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS) oil flow standard system using K-oil(density : 0.804 g/cm3, viscosity : 3.679 cSt), which has similar fluid properties as diesel oil. The flow meters were tested in a test bed that simulated the vibration conditions in ships. The vibration conditions were established in accordance to vibration standard IEC 60068-2-6 as follows: a±0.7g acceleration and 30 Hz frequency. The K-factors (mL/pulse) of various flow meters (PD meter, turbine flow meter, Coriolis flow meter, and ultrasonic flow meter) were obtained for various flow rates (60 L/h ~ 300 L/h). The PD meter, Coriolis flow meter, and ultrasonic flow meter were found to have almost constant Kfactors according to the flow rates. However, the K-factor of the turbine flow meter was reduced at a low flow rate owing to bearing friction in the turbine blade. The flow rate errors of the PD meter, Coriolis flow meter, and ultrasonic flow meter were found to be under ±0.5 % with and without vibration. However, the flow rate error of the turbine flow meter was approximately -4.3 % at a low flow rate (60 L/h) owing to the friction effect. The Coriolis flow meter had the lowest flow rate error (< 0.1%) according to the flow rate. The vibration influenced the flow rate error of the Coriolis flow meter at high flow rates owing to its measuring principle. However, the difference in flow rate errors was a negligible value (0.05 %) with and without vibration. Therefore, we confirmed that the PD meter, turbine meter, Coriolis flow meter and ultrasonic flow meter could be used for measuring flow rates in ships with a ±0.5 % flow rate error.Papers presented at the 13th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Portoroz, Slovenia on 17-19 July 2017 .International centre for heat and mass transfer.American society of thermal and fluids engineers

    Neutron beam test of CsI crystal for dark matter search

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    We have studied the response of Tl-doped and Na-doped CsI crystals to nuclear recoils and γ\gamma's below 10 keV. The response of CsI crystals to nuclear recoil was studied with mono-energetic neutrons produced by the 3^3H(p,n)3^3He reaction. This was compared to the response to Compton electrons scattered by 662 keV γ\gamma-ray. Pulse shape discrimination between the response to these γ\gamma's and nuclear recoils was studied, and quality factors were estimated. The quenching factors for nuclear recoils were derived for both CsI(Na) and CsI(Tl) crystals.Comment: 21pages, 14figures, submitted to NIM
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