10,440 research outputs found

    Partially Quenched QCD with Non-Degenerate Dynamical Quarks

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    We discuss the importance of using partially quenched theories with three degenerate quarks for extrapolating to QCD, and present some relevant results from chiral perturbation theory.Comment: LATTICE99 talk. 3 pages, 2 figures. Uses epsf and espcrc2.st

    Staggered fermion matrix elements using smeared operators

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    We investigate the use of two kinds of staggered fermion operators, smeared and unsmeared. The smeared operators extend over a 444^4 hypercube, and tend to have smaller perturbative corrections than the corresponding unsmeared operators. We use these operators to calculate kaon weak matrix elements on quenched ensembles at β=6.0\beta=6.0, 6.2 and 6.4. Extrapolating to the continuum limit, we find BK(NDR,2GeV)=0.62±0.02(stat)±0.02(syst)B_K(NDR, 2 GeV)= 0.62\pm 0.02(stat)\pm 0.02(syst). The systematic error is dominated by the uncertainty in the matching between lattice and continuum operators due to the truncation of perturbation theory at one-loop. We do not include any estimate of the errors due to quenching or to the use of degenerate ss and dd quarks. For the ΔI=3/2\Delta I = {3/2} electromagnetic penguin operators we find B7(3/2)=0.62±0.03±0.06B_7^{(3/2)} = 0.62\pm 0.03\pm 0.06 and B8(3/2)=0.77±0.04±0.04B_8^{(3/2)} = 0.77\pm 0.04\pm 0.04. We also use the ratio of unsmeared to smeared operators to make a partially non-perturbative estimate of the renormalization of the quark mass for staggered fermions. We find that tadpole improved perturbation theory works well if the coupling is chosen to be \alpha_\MSbar(q^*=1/a).Comment: 22 pages, 1 figure, uses eps

    Physical Results from Unphysical Simulations

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    We calculate various properties of pseudoscalar mesons in partially quenched QCD using chiral perturbation theory through next-to-leading order. Our results can be used to extrapolate to QCD from partially quenched simulations, as long as the latter use three light dynamical quarks. In other words, one can use unphysical simulations to extract physical quantities - in this case the quark masses, meson decay constants, and the Gasser-Leutwyler parameters L_4-L_8. Our proposal for determining L_7 makes explicit use of an unphysical (yet measurable) effect of partially quenched theories, namely the double-pole that appears in certain two-point correlation functions. Most of our calculations are done for sea quarks having up to three different masses, except for our result for L_7, which is derived for degenerate sea quarks.Comment: 26 pages, 12 figures (discussion on discretization errors at end of sec. IV clarified; minor improvements in presentation; results unchanged

    Physical Results from Partially Quenched Simulation

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    We describe how one can use chiral perturbation theory to obtain results for physical quantities, such as quark masses, using partially quenched simulations.Comment: Written version of two talks at DPF 2000. 6 pages, 2 figure

    Web development on a stick

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    Notes on Certain (0,2) Correlation Functions

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    In this paper we shall describe some correlation function computations in perturbative heterotic strings that, for example, in certain circumstances can lend themselves to a heterotic generalization of quantum cohomology calculations. Ordinary quantum chiral rings reflect worldsheet instanton corrections to correlation functions involving products of Dolbeault cohomology groups on the target space. The heterotic generalization described here involves computing worldsheet instanton corrections to correlation functions defined by products of elements of sheaf cohomology groups. One must not only compactify moduli spaces of rational curves, but also extend a sheaf (determined by the gauge bundle) over the compactification, and linear sigma models provide natural mechanisms for doing both. Euler classes of obstruction bundles generalize to this language in an interesting way.Comment: 51 pages, LaTeX; v2: typos fixed; v3: more typos fixe

    Lattice QCD data versus Chiral Perturbation Theory: the case of MĎ€M_\pi

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    I present a selection of recent lattice data by major collaborations for the pseudo-Goldstone boson masses in full (Nf=2N_f=2) QCD, where the valence quarks are chosen exactly degenerate with the sea quarks. At least the more chiral points should be consistent with Chiral Perturbation Theory for the latter to be useful in extrapolating to physical masses. Perspectives to reliably determine NLO Gasser-Leutwyler coefficients are discussed.Comment: 3 pages, 4 figures, ICHEP 2002, v2: one statement clarified, one ref. adde

    Partially quenched chiral perturbation theory without Φ0\Phi_0

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    This paper completes the argument that lattice simulations of partially quenched QCD can provide quantitative information about QCD itself, with the aid of partially quenched chiral perturbation theory. A barrier to doing this has been the inclusion of Φ0\Phi_0, the partially quenched generalization of the η′\eta', in previous calculations in the partially quenched effective theory. This invalidates the low energy perturbative expansion, gives rise to many new unknown parameters, and makes it impossible to reliably calculate the relation between the partially quenched theory and low energy QCD. We show that it is straightforward and natural to formulate partially quenched chiral perturbation theory without Φ0\Phi_0, and that the resulting theory contains the effective theory for QCD without the η′\eta'. We also show that previous results, obtained including Φ0\Phi_0, can be reinterpreted as applying to the theory without Φ0\Phi_0. We contrast the situation with that in the quenched effective theory, where we explain why it is necessary to include Φ0\Phi_0. We also compare the derivation of chiral perturbation theory in partially quenched QCD with the standard derivation in unquenched QCD. We find that the former cannot be justified as rigorously as the latter, because of the absence of a physical Hilbert space. Finally, we present an encouraging result: unphysical double poles in certain correlation functions in partially quenched chiral perturbation theory can be shown to be a property of the underlying theory, given only the symmetries and some plausible assumptions.Comment: 45 pages, no figure

    Spectra of D-branes with Higgs vevs

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    In this paper we continue previous work on counting open string states between D-branes by considering open strings between D-branes with nonzero Higgs vevs, and in particular, nilpotent Higgs vevs, as arise, for example, when studying D-branes in orbifolds. Ordinarily Higgs vevs can be interpreted as moving the D-brane, but nilpotent Higgs vevs have zero eigenvalues, and so their interpretation is more interesting -- for example, they often correspond to nonreduced schemes, which furnishes an important link in understanding old results relating classical D-brane moduli spaces in orbifolds to Hilbert schemes, resolutions of quotient spaces, and the McKay correspondence. We give a sheaf-theoretic description of D-branes with Higgs vevs, including nilpotent Higgs vevs, and check that description by noting that Ext groups between the sheaves modelling the D-branes, do in fact correctly count open string states. In particular, our analysis expands the types of sheaves which admit on-shell physical interpretations, which is an important step for making derived categories useful for physics.Comment: 46 pages, LaTeX; v2: typos fixed; v3: more typos fixe

    D-branes, B fields, and Ext groups

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    In this paper we extend previous work on calculating massless boundary Ramond sector spectra of open strings to include cases with nonzero flat B fields. In such cases, D-branes are no longer well-modelled precisely by sheaves, but rather they are replaced by `twisted' sheaves, reflecting the fact that gauge transformations of the B field act as affine translations of the Chan-Paton factors. As in previous work, we find that the massless boundary Ramond sector states are counted by Ext groups -- this time, Ext groups of twisted sheaves. As before, the computation of BRST cohomology relies on physically realizing some spectral sequences. Subtleties that cropped up in previous work also appear here.Comment: 23 pages, LaTeX; v2: typos fixed; v3: reference adde
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