2,724 research outputs found

    A new way to detect the Higgs

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    We describe a new technique to look for evidence of the Higgs mechanism. The usual method involves seeking evidence for the Higgs boson either directly or via the indirect effect that a virtual Higgs boson would have on a variety of Standard Model parameters. The new technique looks for Higgs field effects that are predicted to reduce the masses of heavy particles when they are in the presence of other heavy particles.Comment: Presentation (by S. Reucroft) at TeV Particle Astrophysics II (Madison WI, 28-31 August 2006). To be published in J. Phys.: Conf. Se

    Fractal Electromagnetic Showers

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    We study the self-similar structure of electromagnetic showers and introduce the notion of the fractal dimension of a shower. Studies underway of showers in various materials and at various energies are presented, and the range over which the fractal scaling behaviour is observed is discussed. Applications to fast shower simulations and identification, particularly in the context of extensive air showers, are also discussed.Comment: Talk to be presented at the XI International Symposium on Very High Energy Cosmic Ray Interaction

    On the limited amplitude resolution of multipixel Geiger-mode APDs

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    The limited number of active pixels in a Geiger-mode Avalanche Photodiode (G-APD) results not only in a non-linearity but also in an additional fluctuation of its response. Both these effects are taken into account to calculate the amplitude resolution of an ideal G-APD, which is shown to be finite. As one of the consequences, the energy resolution of a scintillation detector based on a G-APD is shown to be limited to some minimum value defined by the number of pixels in the G-APD.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    Using {\sc top-c} for Commodity Parallel Computing in Cosmic Ray Physics Simulations

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    {\sc top-c} (Task Oriented Parallel C) is a freely available package for parallel computing. It is designed to be easy to learn and to have good tolerance for the high latencies that are common in commodity networks of computers. It has been successfully used in a wide range of examples, providing linear speedup with the number of computers. A brief overview of {\sc top-c} is provided, along with recent experience with cosmic ray physics simulations.Comment: Talk to be presented at the XI International Symposium on Very High Energy Cosmic Ray Interaction

    Simulation of Water Cerenkov Detectors Using {\sc geant4}

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    We present a detailed simulation of the performance of water Cerenkov detectors suitable for use in the Pierre Auger Observatory. Using {\sc geant4}, a flexible object-oriented simulation program, including all known physics processes, has been developed. The program also allows interactive visualization, and can easily be modified for any experimental setup.Comment: Talk to be presented at the XI Symposium on Very High Energy Cosmic Ray Interaction

    Hadronic interactions, precocious unification, and cosmic ray showers at Auger energies

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    At Auger energies only model predictions enable us to extract primary cosmic ray features. The simulation of the shower evolution depends sensitively on the first few interactions, necessarily related to the quality of our understanding of high energy hadronic collisions. Distortions of the standard ``soft semi-hard'' scenario include novel large compact dimensions and a string or quantum gravity scale not far above the electroweak scale. Na\"{\i}vely, the additional degrees of freedom yield unification of all forces in the TeV range. In this article we study the influence of such precocious unification during atmospheric cascade developments by analyzing the most relevant observables in proton induced showers.Comment: 16 pages latex. 4 eps figure

    Possible explanation for the tail of the cosmic ray spectrum

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    A re-examination of the energy cosmic ray spectrum above 1020 eV is presented. The overall data-base provides evidence, albeit still statistically limited, that non-nucleon primaries could be present at the end of the spectrum. In particular, the possible appearance of superheavy nuclei seldom discussed in the literature is analysed in detail.Facultad de Ciencias Exacta
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