89,386 research outputs found

    Comment on ``Stripes and the t-J Model''

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    This is a comment being submitted to Physical Review Letters on a recent letter by Hellberg and Manousakis on stripes in the t-J model.Comment: One reference correcte

    A Two-dimensional Infinte System Density Matrix Renormalization Group Algorithm

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    It has proved difficult to extend the density matrix renormalization group technique to large two-dimensional systems. In this Communication I present a novel approach where the calculation is done directly in two dimensions. This makes it possible to use an infinite system method, and for the first time the fixed point in two dimensions is studied. By analyzing several related blocking schemes I find that there exists an algorithm for which the local energy decreases monotonically as the system size increases, thereby showing the potential feasibility of this method.Comment: 5 pages, 6 figure

    Spin Gaps in a Frustrated Heisenberg model for CaV4_4O9_9

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    I report results of a density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) study of a model for the two dimensional spin-gapped system CaV4_4O9_9. This study represents the first time that DMRG has been used to study a two dimensional system on large lattices, in this case as large as 24√ó1124\times 11, allowing extrapolation to the thermodynamic limit. I present a substantial improvement to the DMRG algorithms which makes these calculations feasible.Comment: 10 pages, with 4 Postscript figure

    A Renormalization Group Method for Quasi One-dimensional Quantum Hamiltonians

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    A density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) method for highly anisotropic two-dimensional systems is presented. The method consists in applying the usual DMRG in two steps. In the first step, a pure one dimensional calculation along the longitudinal direction is made in order to generate a low energy Hamiltonian. In the second step, the anisotropic 2D lattice is obtained by coupling in the transverse direction the 1D Hamiltonians. The method is applied to the anisotropic quantum spin half Heisenberg model on a square lattice.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Checkerboard patterns in the t-J model

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    Using the density matrix renormalization group, we study the possibility of real space checkerboard patterns arising as the ground states of the t-J model. We find that checkerboards with a commensurate (pi,pi) background are not low energy states and can only be stabilized with large external potentials. However, we find that striped states with charge density waves along the stripes can form approximate checkerboard patterns. These states can be stabilized with a very weak external field aligning and pinning the CDWs on different stripes.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figure

    Comment on ``Density-matrix renormalization-group method for excited states''

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    In a Physical Review B paper Chandross and Hicks claim that an analysis of the density-density correlation function in the dimerised Hubbard model of polyacetylene indicates that the optical exciton is bound, and that a previous study by Boman and Bursill that concluded otherwise was incorrect due to numerical innacuracy. We show that the method used in our original paper was numerically sound and well established in the literature. We also show that, when the scaling with lattice size is analysed, the interpretation of the density-density correlation function adopted by Chandross and Hicks in fact implies that the optical exciton is unbound.Comment: RevTeX, 10 pages, 4 eps figures fixed and included now in tex

    Energetics of Domain Walls in the 2D t-J model

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    Using the density matrix renormalization group, we calculate the energy of a domain wall in the 2D t-J model as a function of the linear hole density \rho_\ell, as well as the interaction energy between walls, for J/t=0.35. Based on these results, we conclude that the ground state always has domain walls for dopings 0 < x < 0.3. For x < 0.125, the system has (1,0) domain walls with \rho_\ell ~ 0.5, while for 0.125 < x < 0.17, the system has a possibly phase-separated mixture of walls with \rho_\ell ~ 0.5 and \rho_\ell =1. For x > 0.17, there are only walls with \rho_\ell =1. For \rho_\ell = 1, diagonal (1,1) domain walls have very nearly the same energy as (1,0) domain walls.Comment: Several minor changes. Four pages, four encapsulated figure

    Competition Between Stripes and Pairing in a t-t'-J Model

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    As the number of legs n of an n-leg, t-J ladder increases, density matrix renormalization group calculations have shown that the doped state tends to be characterized by a static array of domain walls and that pairing correlations are suppressed. Here we present results for a t-t'-J model in which a diagonal, single particle, next-near-neighbor hopping t' is introduced. We find that this can suppress the formation of stripes and, for t' positive, enhance the d_{x^2-y^2}-like pairing correlations. The effect of t' > 0 is to cause the stripes to evaporate into pairs and for t' < 0 to evaporate into quasi-particles. Results for n=4 and 6-leg ladders are discussed.Comment: Four pages, four encapsulated figure

    Effect of the W-term for a t-U-W Hubbard ladder

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    Antiferromagnetic and d_{x2-y2}-pairing correlations appear delicately balanced in the 2D Hubbard model. Whether doping can tip the balance to pairing is unclear and models with additional interaction terms have been studied. In one of these, the square of a local hopping kinetic energy H_W was found to favor pairing. However, such a term can be separated into a number of simpler processes and one would like to know which of these terms are responsible for enhancing the pairing. Here we analyze these processes for a 2-leg Hubbard ladder

    Thermodynamics of the anisotropic Heisenberg chain calculated by the density matrix renormalization group method

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    The density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) method is applied to the anisotropic Heisenberg chain at finite temperatures. The free energy of the system is obtained using the quantum transfer matrix which is iteratively enlarged in the imaginary time direction. The magnetic susceptibility and the specific heat are calculated down to T=0.01J and compared with the Bethe ansatz results. The agreement including the logarithmic correction in the magnetic susceptibility at the isotropic point is fairly good.Comment: 4 pages, 3 Postscript figures, REVTeX, to appear in J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. Vol.66 No.8 (1997
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