1,735 research outputs found

    Commissioning of the tracking system in the ATLAS detector

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    ATLAS is one of the four experiments that will analyze the p-p collisions at LHC. It consists of several subsystems: the Inner Detector is devoted to the measurement of the charged particle tracks in the interaction point region and the Pixel Detector is its innermost component. Both have been commissioned by using cosmic rays collected by the ATLAS detector in 2009. In the first part of the thesis, the spatial resolution of the Pixel Detector is studied and optimized. When a charged particle traverses the Pixel Detector, charges released in the sensors are collected by segmented electrodes, the pixels. The charge of each pixel is read out by the Time-over-Threshold technique and adjacent pixels are grouped into clusters. Cluster position can be computed by considering its geometrical center, but spatial resolution can be optimized if using charge information to improve position determination. In the second part of the thesis, the Inner Detector resolution in all track parameters has been studied by splitting each cosmic ray track into two halves. Since both halves stem from the same particle, they should be described by the same parameters. At the same time, the two tracks are fitted independently and can be compared to study the resolution of the tracking system. Resolution been studied as a function of track direction and distance from the beam axis. The multiple scattering contribution and several systematic effects due to residual misalignments have been evaluated

    Ricerca di particelle supersimmetriche nell'ambito dell'esperimento ATLAS

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    The first part of the thesis reports a phenomenological study of the supersymmetric models known as “MSUGRA”. Particular emphasis is given to the “Focus Point” choice of the parameters that characterizes the MSUGRA models. The Focus Point model features a description of the Dark Matter density in the Universe that is compatible with the WMAP experimental data. Furthermore this model can be easily studied using ATLAS data, starting from the very few years of data taking. My original contribution to this study has been the calculation of the invariant mass distribution of the leptons that characterize a particular decay of neutralinos. The invariant mass distribution has been studied as a function of the neutralino mass. In the final part of the thesis, simulated data have been used to study the possibility of neutralino decay discovery with the ATLAS detector. The background relevance has been analyzed, as well as the precision that can be achieved in the neutralino mass measurement. As a conclusion the limits that can be imposed on the MSUGRA parameters have been determined as a function of the neutralino mass

    Commissioning of the tracking system in the ATLAS detector

    Get PDF
    ATLAS is one of the four experiments that will analyze the p-p collisions at LHC. It consists of several subsystems: the Inner Detector is devoted to the measurement of the charged particle tracks in the interaction point region and the Pixel Detector is its innermost component. Both have been commissioned by using cosmic rays collected by the ATLAS detector in 2009. In the first part of the thesis, the spatial resolution of the Pixel Detector is studied and optimized. When a charged particle traverses the Pixel Detector, charges released in the sensors are collected by segmented electrodes, the pixels. The charge of each pixel is read out by the Time-over-Threshold technique and adjacent pixels are grouped into clusters. Cluster position can be computed by considering its geometrical center, but spatial resolution can be optimized if using charge information to improve position determination. In the second part of the thesis, the Inner Detector resolution in all track parameters has been studied by splitting each cosmic ray track into two halves. Since both halves stem from the same particle, they should be described by the same parameters. At the same time, the two tracks are fitted independently and can be compared to study the resolution of the tracking system. Resolution been studied as a function of track direction and distance from the beam axis. The multiple scattering contribution and several systematic effects due to residual misalignments have been evaluated

    Experimental results of crystal-assisted slow extraction at the SPS

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    The possibility of extracting highly energetic particles from the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) by means of silicon bent crystals has been explored since the 1990's. The channelling effect of a bent crystal can be used to strongly deflect primary protons and eject them from the synchrotron. Many studies and experiments have been carried out to investigate crystal channelling effects. The extraction of 120 and 270 GeV proton beams has already been demonstrated in the SPS with dedicated experiments located in the ring. Presently in the SPS, the UA9 experiment is performing studies to evaluate the possibility to use bent silicon crystals to steer particle beams in high energy accelerators. Recent studies on the feasibility of extraction from the SPS have been made using the UA9 infrastructure with a longer-term view of using crystals to help mitigate slow extraction induced activation of the SPS. In this paper, the possibility to eject particles into the extraction channel in LSS2 using the bent crystals already installed in the SPS is presented. Details of the concept, simulations and measurements carried out with beam are presented, before the outlook for the future is discussed.Comment: 4 pages, 7 figures, submitted to to International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC) 2017 in Copenhagen, Denmar

    Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Lower Leg: A Rare and Difficult Diagnosis

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    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare neoplasm that commonly originates in the pleura. Extrapleural locations are rare and for this reason sometimes difficult to diagnose. Malignant forms with local recurrence or distant metastases have been reported, also as a consequence of inappropriate treatment. In this article, we report the case of an SFT of the lower leg in a 37-year-old man. Leg SFT is a rare occurrence, and differential diagnosis may be difficult because they can mimic a variety of benign and malignant mesenchymal tumors; immunohistochemical analysis for CD34, CD99, vimentin, and Bcl-2 is necessary. Misdiagnosis carries a significant risk of inadequate removal with subsequent increased risk of recurrence and distant metastases

    Healthcare Associated Infections. educational intervention by "Adult Learning" in an Italian teaching hospital

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    An educational intervention for HAI prevention based on a combination of training, motivation and subsequent application in the current clinical practice in an Italian teaching hospital

    Commissioning and operation of the Cherenkov detector for proton Flux Measurement of the UA9 Experiment

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    The UA9 Experiment at CERN-SPS investigates channeling processes in bent silicon crystals with the aim to manipulate hadron beams. Monitoring and characterization of channeled beams in the high energy accelerators environment ideally requires in-vacuum and radiation hard detectors. For this purpose the Cherenkov detector for proton Flux Measurement (CpFM) was designed and developed. It is based on thin fused silica bars in the beam pipe vacuum which intercept charged particles and generate Cherenkov light. The first version of the CpFM is installed since 2015 in the crystal-assisted collimation setup of the UA9 experiment. In this paper the procedures to make the detector operational and fully integrated in the UA9 setup are described. The most important standard operations of the detector are presented. They have been used to commission and characterize the detector, providing moreover the measurement of the integrated channeled beam profile and several functionality tests as the determination of the crystal bending angle. The calibration has been performed with Lead (Pb) and Xenon (Xe) beams and the results are applied to the flux measurement discussed here in detail.Comment: 25 pages, 14 figure
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